Chaubis Khamba Temple
Jagannath Ratha Yatra
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple
Navagraha Mandir, Triveni
Sri Radha Krishna ISKCON Temple
The Maha Kumbh Mela
Ram Mandir Ghat
Welcome to Ujjain,
Ujjain (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri),is an district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is situated on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. Ujjain is one of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) of the Hindus, and the Kumbh Mela religious festival is held there every 12 years. It is also home to Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines to the god Shiva and is also the place where Lord Krishna got education.
Sculptures and monasteries have been found sprinkled around Ujjain, leading to the credence that Buddhism thrived here in the 4th century. Ujjain's relevance is not constrained to the small circle of a religious place. Apart from that, this city was a haven of astronomers, and great poets. Besides this Ujjain was ruled over by many greatest rulers who have given out their best to this historic city. The illustrious kings of the Gupta dynasty whose reign is considered as the golden rule of India belonged to Ujjain.
From Vedic period onwards, Ujjain has assigned with the status of a great learning centre. Sandeepani Ashram is that legendary place where Lord Krishna and his best friend Sudhama were imparted knowledge under the great sage Sandeepani. Nearby surroundings of this famous learning center is known, as Ankapata.
It is popularly believed that, Lord Krishna had used this place for washing his writing tablet. Besides this, Ankapata houses a stone imprinted with the numerals 1 to 100, and it is believed that Guru Sandipani himself did this inscription. A holy place, which is closely, associated with the blue God allures the tourists with amazing folklores.
Coin is an important source material to know history and by the study of this material we can throw light on the dark period of history. Various coins of different dynasties can be different in style, structure, raw material, mode of casting and its legend.
Silver Punch Marked Coins and Copper Punch Marked Coins are categorised under archeologic collection.
Situated near the tank of the Mahakaleshwar Temple, Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir holds a colossal statue of the elephant-headed God. The elephant head of the deity signifies wisdom, discretion and foresight that the Hindus attribute to divinity.
In the center of the Ganeshji temple, there lies an exceptional statue of Hanuman, a deity of devotion and belief. What makes this deity so unique is the fact that Hanuman is depicted here with five faces, which symbolises courage, loyalty, devotion, strength, and righteousness. An important centre for learning, Bade Ganeshji Temple imparts knowledge in the field of astrology and Sanskrit.
A tiny locale in Ujjain, Bhairogarh is situated near to Siddhavat. This beautiful hamlet is famous for its ancient technique in cloth printing. Clothes of Bhairogarh with its marvelous tie and dye paintings were very popular among people for centuries.
In olden times when trade with other countries prospered, delicately printed fabric from Bhairogarh used to find a good market in far away places. Fabulously painted fabrics of Bhairogarh still lures people and posses a unique place even in the modern trends.
Attractive colour combination of Chunari and Laharia is the miracle of Bandhej. This style of dying cloth, is probably as old as, the dress culture.itself. According to imagination, marking points on the cloth, and on every point tying knot with threads to dye the cloth, is the specialty of this style. In case of more than one colours the process is repeated for every single colour. This process goes on from light colours to dark colour. This style is called the Bandhej, as for dying the cloth, first knots are tied on it with threads, Tying of knots and colour combination show the skill of the craftsman.
Bhartrihari Caves have, over the time become a great tourist destination. The caves are situated just above the banks of River Shipra near Gadhkalika Temple. The caves are famous as the place where the step brother of King Vikramaditya meditated after renouncing all worldly possessions and relations. The name of the saint was Bhartrihari, thus the caves too got this name. It is said that Bhartrihari was a great scholar and a talented poet.
The tradition of printing cloths,began with blocks of potato and developed into printing with wooden blocks, is centuries old.It can be marketed,when Bhairavgarh Lugda,Godra,Jajam or Nandana were replaced by sarees,bedsheet and dress material landcreated their identity abroad as well.
The blocks are carved on the specially evened teak wood. These lifeless blocks,when used with colours,print design cloth which look full of life. For colour combination in one design different block are used. In block printing utmost care is to be taken, regarding applying even pressure on block every time, and properly matching the joints. Preparation of colours is an important aspect of the art of printing and therefore,according to the nature of the material used for preparing the colours the printing techniques like Alijarin,Nandana,Chemical T.C,Bagru and Discharge print developed.
An impressive structure, which belongs to ninth or tenth century AD, Chaubis Khamba Temple presents an architectural marvel. The majestic entrance gate of the magnificient Mahakala-Vana, the remains of which provides an amazing spectacle. Two splendid images of goddesses are depicted on each side of the gate with the inscription of their names on the foot steps.
These guardian-deities by name Mahamaya and Mahalaya in a very graceful form guards the grand entrance of the structure. One can imagine the dimensions of the boundary-wall of the conventionally recognized Mahakala-vana, which is now covered under thick inhabitation.
The temple is built across the Shipra on the Fatehabad railway line. The Ganesh idolenshrined here is supposed to be swayambhu - born of itself. The temple itself is believed to be of considerable antiquity. Riddhi and Siddhi, the consorts of Ganesha, are seated on either side of Ganesha. The artistically carved pillars in the assembly hall date back to the Parmar period. Worshippers throng to this temple because the deity here is traditionally known as Chintaharan Ganesh meaning "the assurer of freedom from worldly anxieties".
A former capital of two princely states, Dewas is Located in the Malwa plateau at the foot of the Chamunda Hill. Founded in the first half of the 18th century, Dewas is the administrative center of Dewas District in Madhya Pradesh. The term, Dewas, literally means the abode of god, and the city holds a marvelous shrine of Devi Chamunda on the majestic Devi Vaishini hill.
The town is placed in the plains of the Malwa plateau, and towards the south, the land undulate gently to the Vindhya Range, which is the source of the beautiful Chambal and Kali Sindh rivers that flow north through the district on their way to the Ganges. Nemawar, with a wide variety of wild animals and Nagara, which is home to Jain and Hindu temple ruins, are the nearby tourist attractions.
Dewas today is well known as an industrial town, with companies like Ranbaxy and Tata International being prominent players. Tekri, a hillock, which is in the center of the town, houses a panoramic view of the entire city.
This distinctive monument glows like a small jewel in the surrounding lush landscape. Vir Durgadas earned a secure niche for himself in the history of Marwad by his undaunting, selfless service to the State. He fought for the independence of Jodhpur after the death of Maharaj Jaswant Singh and helped Ajit Singh to ascend the throne against the wishes of Aurangzeb.
Durgadas died at Rampura in 1718, and his funeral rites were performed according to his wishes on the banks of the Shipra. The rulers of Jodhpur had built the chhatri to consecrate his memory. This beautiful structure, built in the Rajput style of architecture, houses a statue of Durgadas which crumbled down.
Situated about 2 miles from the city of Ujjain, the deity in this temple is believed to have been worshipped by Kalidasa. The legend goes that he was an idiot and it is by his devotion to the goddess Kalika that he acquired great literary skills. Emperor Harshavardhan had this temple renovated in the 7th century AD. There is further evidence of renovation during the Paramara period. The temple has been rebuilt in the modern times by the erstwhile Gwalior State.
The legendary place where Lord Krishna believed to have summoned the holy rivers from all the pilgrim centres so that his old Guru can peacefully do all the rituals. Gomti Kund is a steeped water tank, which situates near to the Sandipani Ashram.
Sandipani ashram bears references in the Vedas and Puranas and excavations held here revealed 3,000 years old painted artifacts, which show that this was a significant place from ancient days. Remnants of excavation show a close resemblance to the articles unearthed from Hastinapura, Indraprastha, Mathura and Kausambi. One among the oldest holy spot, Gomati Kund is the perennial source of water supply to the Ashram.
Dedicated to lord Krishna, Gopal Temple in Ujjain presents a classic example of Maratha architecture. Built in the 19th century, by Bayajibai Shinde, this huge temple is placed in the middle of a big market. Its strategic position in the heart of the city attributes the popularity of the temple.
This temple is a marble-spired structure and the deity's two feet tall statue is placed on a marble-inlaid altar with silver-plated doors. The door in the inner sanctum is the same door, which had been carried away by Ghazni from the Somnath temple. Mahadji Scindia recovered the door and now it has been installed in this temple.
According to the legend from the Shiv Purana, an ancient Hindu text Hindu text in Sanskrit, Lord Shiva was greatly disturbed after the death of his consort, Sati (Parvati). Overwhelmed with grief, Shiva decided not to part with her body, carrying with him wherever he went. Greatly distressed by such uncalled action, the other divine members of heaven cut her body into pieces and threw the pieces onto `Mrityulok`, the land of mortals. Wherever the parts of her body fell, it became Shaktipeeth, a centre of the female manifest form of cosmic energy, thereby rendering the place sacred. It is believed that Goddess Parvati`s elbow fell here in Ujjain temple site.
In the centre of this ancient Hindu temple is a rock smeared with turmeric paste and vermilion, believed to represent the head of the Gupta King, Chandragupta Vikramaditya (reigned-380-415 AD), offered to Goddess Durga, on the eve of Dusshera. Shakti, the female principal of primal cosmic energy, had to be appeased with sacrifices. The temple has two unique pine-shaped iron lamp stands that loom to a height of 15 feet and display their radiance after being lit. Hundreds of lamps burning bright simultaneously make a magical sight, especially on Navratri, the nine-day festival celebrated in the month of October, dedicated to Goddess Durga. The red temple, an ancient Hindu structure beyond the lamp stands symbolizing the potency of Durga, is peculiar to the Maratha art of architecture.
Yet another arresting feature of the Harsiddhi Temple is the Sri Yantra, or nine triangles that represent nine names of Durga. A Yantra is symbolic of the cosmos and is used for meditation. Each division of a yantra is figurative of Shakti. Also enshrined in the temple are the illustrious dark vermilion image of Annapurna, the Goddess of Nourishment, seated next to Mahasaraswati, the Goddess of Wisdom and Knowledge.
Jagannath Ratha Yatra is the Grand annual festival by ISKCON Temple Ujjain.
The historical palace is situated at a distance of 8 km from the town on an island in Shipra river. The palace was built by Mandu Rulers in the year 1458. Kailadeh Palace was built in Persian style of architecture. The palace took the brunt of time and huge portion of the palace collapsed. It was then mended by Maharaja Madhav Rao Scindia I in 1920. The palace is set in very calm environment that further adds to the surrounding natural beauty.
The city of Ujjain has numerous shrines dedicated to Bhairava, a vicious manifestation of Shiva, the destroyer of the Universe. The Kalbhairava Temple is also believed to be associated with the cult of Tantra, an unorthodox secret cult with strong black magic overtones. Although Tantra practices on the sly are said to keep enemy at bay, missing the target may spell doom to the practitioner.
Many sadhus or holy men with ash-smudged bodies and long matted hair can easily be spotted around this temple. Pieces of sculpted stones depict deities from Hindu pantheon along with Vishnu. A Shiva lingam is enshrined under a banyan tree inside the fringe of the temple opposite Nandi the Bull. According to legends, the bull was given to Shiva and Parvati as a wedding present from Daksha, Parvati`s father. The temple comes to life especially on the festival of Mahashivratri, when devotees congregate in great numbers.
This academy was set up in Ujjain by the Government of Madhya Pradesh to immortalize the memory of the great poet dramatist-Kalidasa, and to create a multi-disciplinary institution to project the genius of the entire classical tradition, with Kalidasa as the apex, enable research and study in Sanskrit classical and traditional performing arts, and facilitate its adaptation for contemporary stage in different cultural settings and language groups. The Academy complex consists of a theatre, museum, library, lecture and seminary halls, mini stage for rehearsals, research facilities for scholars, and a large open air theater.
Bhadrakali, is one of the forms of the Great Goddess Devi mentioned in Devi Mahatmyam. Bhadra in Sanskrit means blessed, auspicious; fair, beautiful; good; fortunate, prosperous. This is one of the famous temple in Ujjain.
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is one of the most famous Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingams, which are supposed to be the most sacred abodes of Shiva. It is located in the ancient city of Ujjain in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. The temple is situated on the side of the Rudra Sagar lake. The presiding deity, Shiva in the lingam form is believed to be Swayambhu, deriving currents of power (Shakti) from within itself as against the other images and lingams that are ritually established and invested with mantra-shakti.
The idol of Mahakaleshwar is known to be dakshinamurti, which means that it is facing the south. This is a unique feature, upheld by the tantric shivnetra tradition to be found only in Mahakaleshwar among the 12 Jyotirlingas. The idol of Omkareshwar Mahadev is consecrated in the sanctum above the Mahakal shrine. The images of Ganesh, Parvati and Karttikeya are installed in the west, north and east of the sanctum sanctorum. To the south is the image of Nandi, the vehicle of Lord Shiva.
Dedicated to Lord Shiva, Mangalnath Temple is a greatly respected holy place situated in Ujjain. As per the inscriptions in Matsya Purana, Mangalnath is said to be the birthplace of Mars. Mangalnath Temple is placed on a serene surroundings and it overlooks the vast stretch of water in the majestic Shipra River.
A marvelous shrine located far away from the flurry of the city life, offers an unimaginable sense of tranquility to the tourists. The temple is situated at the place where the first meridian is said to pass the earth and so this place was a renowned spot for a clear view of the planet and consequently it turned to be an apt place for astronomical studies.
Nagarkot Ki Rani is the guardian deity of the south-west corner of ancient Ujjaiyini. This is a place of some archaeological importance. Many popular tales of Vikramaditya and Bharthihari are associated with this place. The place is associated with the traditions of Natha Cult also. The tank facing the temple is of Paramar-period. Both the sides of the tank have two small temples. The idol of Kartikeya in one of the temples is assigned to Gupta period. The Temple is situated on the ancient mud Rampart and hence is known as the queen of the city wall i.e. Nagarkot Ki Rani.
The ruling planets have always had a significant place in Indian rituals and tradition. This temple is dedicated to the nine ruling planets (Navagraha means nine planets). It is located on the Triveni Ghat, by the Shipra River. Navagraha Mandir is located away from the old site of Ujjaini town. It attracts large crowds on new moon days falling on Saturdays. Its religious importance has increased manifold through the years, though there is no acknowledged reference to it in the ancient texts.
A legendary temple, which holds an astounding story about the power of the mother Goddess, Patal Bhairav Temple adorns a prime position.
Hindu mythology states Bhairav Nath, a selfish demon, chased a young girl Vaishno Devi, who was none other than the incarnation of the Mother Goddess. In order to escape from the demon, Devi shot an arrow into the Earth from which water gushed out and then found a shelter under a cave. When Bhairav located her, Devi was compelled to take the form of Mahakali, and killed the demon. In his last moments, Bhairav pleaded for forgiveness. Bhairav was granted Moksha along with a boon that every devotee, in order to accomplish their pilgrimage, had to visit Bhairav Nath's temple near the Holy cave after the darshan of the goddess.
This is an extremely attractive spot on the banks of the Shipra quite close to the Bhartihari Caves and the Gadkalika Temple. It is dedicated to the memory of one of the great leaders of the Natha sect of Saivism-Matsyendranath. Since muslims as well as the followers of the Natha sect call their saints 'pir', the ancient site of Pir Matsyendranath is venerated by both. Excavations at this site have yielded some antiquities which date back to the 6th and 7th century BC.
Dedicated to Lord Ram who is flanked by his consort Sita on one side and brother Lakshman on the other side, Ram Mandir in Ujjain is a eye catching spectacle. Built in the 17th century, this fabulous shrine is a finest example of structural brilliance. The walls of the pretty shrine are decorated with beautiful paintings.
Besides the attractive scenes from the lives of Rama and Krishna the painting of Bedalya Bua Maharaj and Sant Tukoba are very attractive. Certain old images are seen inscribed inside the temple are very remarkable for their amazing sculptural designs and perfection. A tenth century old image of Lord Vishnu installed in between the assembly hall and the interior of Ram Mandir needs a special mention.
Ram Mandir Ghat, located near the Harsiddhi Temple in Ujjain is famous for its Kumbh Mela. Kumbh Mela is held in every 12 years. Ram Mandir Ghat, Ujjain is the most ancient bathing ghat in connection with the Kumbh celebrations.
During the Kumbh Mela, lakhs of fortune-seekers gather the city from all corners of India. It is believed that those people who took a holy dip in Ram Mandir Ghat will attain the much-awaited salvation. During the time of Kumbh Mela, this oldest bathing Ghat in Ujjain will be crowded with devotees. Apart from its religious significance, Ram Mandir Ghat is a fascinating place for a leisurely walk especially a walk in the early morning and at sunset is quite enchanting.
Idols of Rama; Lakshmana and Sita in the Rama-temple and that of Janardana-Vishnu in the Janardana-temple belong to the seventeenth century. Both the temples present an attractive look from the point of view of their structural art. These temples were constructed by Mirza Raja Jaisingh in the Seventeenth Century. The boundary wall and the tank were added later in Maratha Period in the eighteenth Century. Beautiful examples of maratha paintings are seen on the wails of both the temples. Besides the attractive scenes from the lives of Rama and Krishna the painting of Bedalya Bua Maharaj and Sant Tukoba etc. are quite imprassive.
Certain old images are seen installed in both the temples as well as near the tank opposite Janardan temple which are very important from the point of view of sculpture also. The image of Govardhandhari Krishna near the tank belongs to eleventh century. The images of Vishnu installed in between the assambly hall and the interior of Rama-temple belongs to the tenth century and the images of Brahma, Vishnu and mahesha belong to the twelth century A.D.
This place is known as the Tomb of Maulana Rumi. According to acertain tradition, Maulana Rumi was a Saint. The architecture of this tomb is hexagonal. This monument is five to six hunderd years old. Some speak of Rumi as a Turkish trader while others take him to be a commander of some army unit. Indian Antiquary, Volume IV of octomber 1875, has published a biography including precepts of the great Sufi Saint Jelal-al-din Rumi. This monument appears to have been constructed in his sacred memory.
The Ancient Indian Tradition of gurukul imparts education to students irrespective of their wealth or poverty. Besides a variety of subjects and ancient scriptures, in gurukul, students were taught battle techniques and spiritualism. From the vedic period itself, Ujjain was a reputed center of learning. Sandipani Ashram is a famous hermitage situated in Ujjain, where Lord Krishna spent his formative years until adolescence. Sandipani, the saint in the hermitage, taught Krishna and Balarama, here in this Ashram.
The Ashram situates adjacent to so many remarkable spots, which are closely associated with lord Krishna. Another important feature of this ashram is that the supporters of Vallabha sect regard this place as the 73rd seat of Vallabhacharya where he conveyed his speeches throughout India. Sandipani Ashram and its serene surroundings provides a divine feeling to all those who wish to be in tranquil ambience.
The Shipra, also known as the Kshipra, is a river in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. The river rises in the Vindhya Range north of Dhar, and flows south across the Malwa Plateau to join the Chambal River. It is one of the sacred rivers in Hinduism. The holy city of Ujjain is situated on its right bank. Every 12 years, the Kumbh Mela festival takes place on the city's elaborate riverside ghats, as do yearly celebrations of the river goddess Kshipra.There are hundreds of Hindu shrines along the banks of the river Shipra. Shipra is a perennial river.
This enormous banyan tree on the banks of the Shipra, has been vested with religious sanctity as the Akashyavat in Prayag and Gaya, Vanshivat of Vrindavan and the Panchavata of Nasik. Thousands of pilgrims take a dip in the Shipra from the bathing ghat built here. According to one tradition, Parvati is believed to have performed her penance here. It used to be a place of worship for the followers of Natha sect.
One legend has it that some Mughal rulers had cut off the Banyan tree and covered the site with iron sheets to prevent its roots from growing. But the tree pierced the iron sheets and grew and flourished. The little village of Bhairogarh near Siddhavat is famous for its tie and dye painting for centuries. In ancient times when trade with other countries flourished, exquisitely printed cloth from Bhairogarh used to find its way to Rome and China.
Simhastha is the great bathing festival of Ujjain. It is celebrated in a cycle of twelve years when Jupiter enters the Leo sign of the zodiac, known as Simha Rashi. Ceremonial bathing in the holy waters of Shipra begin with the full moon day of Chaitra and continue in different intervals throughout the successive month of vaishakha culminating on tee full moon day. Tradition calls for ten different factors to be located for the grand festival at Ujjain. According to the Puranas, the legendary churning of the ocean by the gods (Devas) and demons (Danavas) yielded, amongst other things, a jar (Kumbha) full of nectar (Amrita). Gods did not like to share it with demons. At the instance of Indra, the master of gods, his son Jayanta tried to run away with the jar and was naturally followed by some of the demons.
Simhastha - A Archaeological View Kumbha of Ujjain is also known as the Simhastha. It is just natural that on the occasion of this pious parva, Sadhus of various sects and pilgrims assemble in large number to take dips in the celestial Shipra river. Thus, the gathering takes the form of a very large-sized fair. Needless to say, such fairs at Kumbha-places are among the largest religious gatherings of the world.
Sri Sri Radha Madan Mohan Temple, of the ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) or Hare Krishna Movement, also has a guest house and restaurant, and is a major attraction for tourists, though it is very new on the map of Ujjain.
Ujjain is most famous for the Holy Kumbh Mela that is held here every twelve years. The festival is celebrated on the banks of River Shipra which is considered a very sacred river. According to Hindu mythology, after the ocean churning by Gods and Demons, there was a mad tussle between them for the nectar that came out of the ocean.
The Demons violently chased Gods for the nectar. And in this catch me if you can game, few drops of nectar fell on earth at Haridwar, Nasik, Prayag and Ujjain. Kumbh Mela is held at all these places at different times. During the fair, the city is crowded by overwhelming number of pilgrims and sadhus (Saints). Majestically slow and soothingly decorated elephants tread the fair ground adding extra flavour of spirituality to the town. A Visit to Ujjain during Kumbh Mela is really an experience of divinity.
Ujjain enjoyed a position of considerable importance in the field of astronomy. Great works on astronomy such as the Surya Siddhanta and the Panch Siddhanta were written in Ujjain. According to Indian astronomers, the Tropic of Cancer is supposed to pass through Ujjain. It is also the fist meridian of longitude of the Hindu geographers. From about the 4th century BC, Ujjain enjoyed the reputation of being India's Greenwich. The observatory extant today was built by Raja Jai Singh (1686-1743), who was a great scholar. He translated the works of Ptolemy and Euclid into Sanskrit from Arabic. Of the many observatories built by him at Jaipur, Delhi, Varanasi, Mathura, and Ujjain, the one at Ujjain is still in use actively. Astronomical studies are conducted through the Department of Education and the ephemeris is published every year. There is a small planetarium and a telescope to observe the moon, Mars, Jupiter and their satellites. The observatory is also used for weather forecasts.
The Vikram Kirti Mandir in Ujjain has been established in order to jog the memory of the young generation about the glory of the Mauryan Age. A cultural centre, which is established on the occasion of the second millennium of the Vikram era, the Vikram Kirti Mandir holds the Scindia Oriental Research Institute, an archaeological museum, an art gallery and an auditorium.
The Scindia Oriental Research Institute has a priceless assortment of 18,000 manuscripts on diverse subjects and runs a reference library of vital oriental publications. The Institute's manuscript collection, which covers a wide range of subjects, is really amazing. Besides the illustrated manuscript of Shrimad Bhagavata, this museum houses rare collection of Mugal and Rajput paintings, Palm leaf and bark leaf manuscripts, vast collection of coins, sculptures and inscriptions.
- Religious Places : Harihara Teertha, Mallikarjuna Teertha, Ganga Ghat, Bohron Ka Roja, Begum Ka Maqbara, Bina Neev Ki Masjid, Maulana Rumi Ka Maqbara, Vikrant Bhairav Shrine, Maa Wagheshvari Temple, Digambara Jain Museum etc.