Bheru Tarak Dham
Welcome to Sirohi,
Sirohi is surrounded and enfluenced by three traditional culture, Marwar, Mewar and Gujarat. So, its festivals and fairs are colourful. Sirohi is a nice district situated at the south-western part of Rajasthan. The district is bounded by Pali district in the North-East, by Udaipur district in the East, by Gujarat State and Jalore in the West. It is the third smallest district of Rajasthan.
The district derives its name from "Siranwa" hills on the western slope of which it stands. Sirohi is one of the fascinating districts of Rajasthan offering some good places of tourist's importance like Mount Abu, Sun Temple, Chandravati, Ajari Temple, Sarvadham Temple,Bamanvadji Temple, Pavapuri Temple etc. In Sirohi district Mount Abu is as diverse as the city itself. It was once a part of the Chauhan kingdom of Rajasthan and served as a summer resort for the Rajput kings of the region.
About 5 kms south of Pindwara on the way to Abu Road, is the village of Ajari. 2 Kms away from Ajari village, is temple of Mahadeo and Sarswati. The scenery is picturesque, honey-combed with date-trees and a small rivylet flows nearby. Small hillocks form a wonderful background. The place is a fine picnic spot. The temple is enclosed by s high wall. Inside it is a Kundi of 30' x 20' size. Markandeshwar Rishi is said to have meditated here. There is small image of god Vishnu and one that of goddess Sarsvati. Nearby is pond commonly known Gaya-Kund where people immerse the mortal remains. On every Jeshtha Sudi 11 and Baisakh Sudi 15 a fair is held here.
A place about six miles north of Sirohi on a side track of the National Highway No. 14 from Sirohi to Sheoganj. The kolargarh is situated towards eastern side at a distance of 2 kms. the relics of old fort on Ganesh pole can be seen here where there is a Dharamshalla a Jain temple, Laxmi Narayan temple, Shiv temple and Gorakhmath. On the hill after climbing 400 steps an ancient temple Lord Shiv with its natural beauty and marvalous surroundings with waterfalls can be seen. The whole area is part of Siranwa hills and beautyful dense forest with admirable fauna and floura can be enjoyes. It is said that the relics of the old city and fort of kolar is of Parmar reign.
This temple is dedicated to Lord Mahavir 24th Tirthankar of Jains. The temple is said to be build by Nandi Vardhan, brother of Lord Mahavir. According to Jain Literature Lord Mahavir in his 37th religious voyage (Chaturmas) came to this area, so the places attached to his name are seen in this district like Viroli (Vir Kulika), Vir Vada (Vir Vatak), Undra (Upnand), Nandiya (Nandi Vardhan) and Sani Village (Shanamani - A modern Pologround of Abu) . Episode of Karn Kilan i.e. nails were hammered into ears of the Mahavir Swami here at Bamanvada and cooking of Khir was done at Sani village. The biting of Chandkaushik snake occurred at Nandiya, and the scene is depicted by carving on the granite rock.
Basantgarh eight kms.s to the South of Pindwara, is Situated on a river named Sarasvati. Its old names, as known from various sources, were Vetaleara, Vatasthana, Vatanagra, Vata, Vatapura and Vasisthapura. This place was called Vata on account of the banian trees, which are found in abundance. In the eleventh century, it was believed that once, under the banian trees there stood a Sacribicial hermitage of Varihtha. Vasistha is said to have erected the temple of Arka and Bharga, and with the aid of the architect of the Gods, founded the city called Vata adorned with rampats, orchands tanks and lofty mansions. It was therefore called Vasisthapeua.
The Bheru Tarak Dham is established in the valley of Nandgiri, the Arbudh as described in the ancient Indian literature. The whole valley represent a good settlement of Ashramas of Rishi Munis. From this valley the hilly track goes to Nakki Lake of Mount Abu. This track was used by Colonel Tod, the first european to visit Mt. Abu. This ancient track was the main source of supply of house hold goods to the inhabitants of Mount Abu. All the saints and religious tourists and the kings of various states of Rajputanas used this track for going to Abu. There were circuit houses of all the states of rajputana at Anadara, This was one of the old municipality of the rajputana established in 1868. The temple is built of while marble dedicated to Shahastra Fana ( one thousand hoods of surohent) of Parshavnath. The campus is having Dharmshala, BhojanShala and having all facilities for a religious tourists. A bus is operated from this place to Nakoda Tirth in Barmer district.
It is situated at 6 Kms away from Abu Road on Abu - Ahemadabad Highway. It is destroyed city of Parmars. Its present name is Chandela. In the 10th and 11th century the ruler of the Arbudmandal were the Parmars. Chandravati was the capital of the Parmars. It was the main centre of the nagar civilization and buisness and trade. Since, it was the capital of the Parmar therefore it was rich in heritage, culture and in all respect. The Parmar of Abu, king Sindhuraj was the ruler of the whole Maru Mandal.
Chandravati was a great example from Architect point of view. Colonel Tod in his book 'Travel in Western India' mentioned about the past glory of the Chandravati through some pictures. Beside these picture there are no proof which shows the past glory of the Chandravati. . When the railway track was laid down by the British Government, a huge amount of marble was consumed in filling up the remaining holes under the track because at the that time there was no curisity and desire for the art. After systematic commencement of the rail, the large amount of marble was taken away by the marble contractors to Ahemadabad, Baroda and Surat. There it was given a new shape and used in the temples.
In the series of the main traditional Jain Pilgrimages, the Jiraval has its own importance. This important temple is situated in the middle of the Jairaj Hill on the Aravali Ranges. The Jiraval temple is very primitive and ancient. The temple is surrounded by the Dharmshallas and beutiful buildings. The importance of this temple is unique because all over world installation of Jain temples are made with the name of this temple OM HRIM SHRI JIRAVALA PARSHAVNATHAY NAMAH. The main temple and its kalamandap is surrounded 72 Dev kulikas, its structure and architect is of nagar style of temple architecture. Here all facilities exists for religious tourists.
This palce can be reached from Abu down-hills about 4 kms as well as from Sirohi via Anadara, a distance of about 32 kms. south of Sirohi town. This temple is dedicated to Lord Sun, who has millions of rays (Kotidwaj). The temple is said to be built by the Hoons who were the worshippers of SUN. A chain of Sun temples can be marked right from Ranakpur to Modhera of Gujarat. Beautiful idols of Mahishsur Mardani, Sheshai Vishnu, Kuber and Ganapati can be seen here. This place is situated on horse shoe centre point of Abu hill. Parenial water source in rainy season damaged this temple and process is still going on. But the site itself is wonderful and exciting with natural beauty. Recently a dam is also built on the foot hills of the site.
About 9 kms from Abu Raod we reach Madhusudhan a temple dedicated Lord Vishnu. Here we can see the only inscription which is unparallel in the history of environment is located outside the temple, which says that if any cuts the tree his/her mother will be illtreated by the ass. A beautiful toran gate brought from Chandrawati can be seen here. 2 kms in south is the village of Mungthala vionity of which stands two temples.
One of these seems to have been dedicated to Mahavira and belongs to 10th century. Another which is half a mile from the village is dedicated to Mudgaleshwar Mahadeo. The wall mouldings refer it to the 10th century. From Mungthala there is a famous temple of Patnarain in village Girvar. This temple is also considered one of the pious temple of Abu-Raj Parikrama.
Mirpur temple is considered to be the oldest marble monument of Rajasthan. It served as a modal for Delwara and Ranakpur temples. It is depicted in world encyclopedia art. The temple is of Rajput age of 9th century. Its plateform is like that of Ranakpur. Its carving can be matched with the pillars and parikrama of Delwara and Ranakpur temples. The temple is dedicated to Lord Parshavnath, the 23 Tirthankar of Jains. The temple was destroyed by Mahmood Begda of Gujarat in 13th century and was rebuilt and renovated in 15th century. These days the only main temples with its kalamandap is standing on its high pedestrial with carved pillers and engraved parikrama representing every walk of life in Indian Mythology.
The "Pavapuri Tirtha Dham" temple is built by charitable family of Sanghavi Poonam Chand Dhanaji Bafana's family's Trust "K.P.Sanghavi Charitable Trust".The Dhaam is constructed separated in two blocks; first one is Sumati Jeevandaya Dhaam is also named Gou-Shala and second is Pavapuri Dhaam. In Pavapuri Dhaam categorized into a Temple, Place for devotees, Mess for devotees, Dharmshala for devotees, Garden, lake etc.The total constructional land of the Pavapuri Tirtha Dhaam is 150 Bhiga. Inside the temple the main idol of Shree Shankheshwar Parshvanath the 23 lord of Jaina's is of 69 inches. The development work now being completed. The main attraction of the Dhaam is the Temple and the Toran Gate. The green gardens improving beauties of the campus.
The main idol is surrounded with Ashat Pratihariya ( the 8 heroic presentation) and Panch Tirthi ( the 5 trithankar raj) established on a pedestal (Prabhashan) carved with elephants, Yakshas and Godess.
There are three 45 RCC sheltter house in 54 tin shade cow sheltters. Where the cattles are kept in the most hygeinic conditions and fed. The arrangement of fodder and rich fodder for cows is avialable under the supervision of the vetenary medical team and shapperds.
More then 4500 cows are fed in the Gaushalla in the time of Scarcity and famine condition to remove the sufferings of the cows. The food and the fodder provided by the trust and kept in very suitable condition. The Photograp in the left dipicts all the facilities provided by the trust.
Sarneshwar temple is dedicated to Lord Shiv, situated on the western slope of Siranwa hill and is now managed by Sirohi Devasthanam. It is Kuldev of Deora Clan of Chauhans of Sirohi. The temple seems to be built in Parmar Dynasty rule because its structure and layout is similar to other temples constructed by Parmar rulers. A temple may be renovated time to time but the major renovation was carried on in 16th century. In 1526 V.S. Apurva Devi, the queen of Maharao Lakha established Hanuman Idol outside the main gate of the Sarneshwar Ji. The temple was decorated by Maharao Akheyraj in 1685 V.S. In the campus of the temple there are idols of lord Vishnu, A plate consisting of 108 Shiv Lingas.
The temple is surrounded by two courtyards , one is attached to main temple and second is around the whole area, which carries Burj and Chaukis, whcih represents this temple as fort. Actually this temple is fort temple. Outside the main gate of the temple, there are three decorated huge elephants made of lime and bricks and painted with a colourful look. There was a mandakini Kund in front of the main temple, which was used by the pilgrims for taking holy bath on kartik purnima, chetra purnima and vaisakh purnima. A famous festival of Devothani Akadesi, in every Bhadrapadh month of V.S. is arranged here by the followers and on second day a huge fair of rabbaries is also celebrated, in which nobody except rabbarries is allowed. The cenotophs of the royal family is another attraction in the premises of Sarneshwar temple.
Sarvadham Temple is dedicated to all religions of the world. It is located at the Hq. Sirohi and is one km far from the circuit house of Sirohi. The site, temple architecture, layout of the landscape is fine. Trees of religious importance like Rudraksh, Kalpvriksh, Kunj, Harsingar, Belpatra (tree and scriper) are planted here. Safron plantation is also seen here. The main attraction of this temple is the idols of various gods installed around, inside and top of the temple. This temple can be considered as the monument of the modern century which provides the feelings of National Integration and Harmony.
Eighteen Jain temples are situated in one single row form the temple street. Some temples are magnificant, huge and important from the architect view point. The highest temple is Chaumukha is dedicated to ADINATH, the first Tirthankar of Jain. The Structure of this temple is similar to Ranakpur standing on pillars. It is situated on western slope of the Siranwa hills and represented by 78 ft high sikhar.
The temple can be seen from very far distant from the Sriohi. Sitting on the highest top of the temple, the scene of sun-set and the natural beauty of the fields and landscape of the Sirohi city and nearby locations can be enjoyed.
At a distance of 45 Kms. from Abu Railway/Bus Station, there stands a village of Varma. Its old name, as known from inscriptions, was Brahmana. It was probably founded not later than7th century A.D., because the Sun temple known as the Brahmana-Svamin of this place built probably in the seventh century A.D.. From the study of Old temples tanks, wells and old residential buildings, it appears to have been a prosperous town in past.
The Sun Temple of Varman, known as the Brahman-Svamin, is one of the most famous temples in India. The careful finish of its carving , the proportion of its members and the parsmonious use of decorative detail, all tend to show that it must have been constructed at a time when the temple architecture was a vitally living art. The temple, which faces the east, consists of the Shrine, Sabhamandapa, pradakshina and porch. A standing image of the sun discover must have occupied the main Shrine Besides, there are finely carved but partially mutilated images of the Navagrahas has, and the eight dikpalas. The Sun temple is also called Surya Narayana. The pedestal sulptured in the form of chariat drawn by seven steeds in the niche of the Sanctum is a marvellous piece of realism.
- Fort of Sirohi (Kesar Villa Palace), Mahadeo Temple, Sarswati Temple etc.