Krishna Balaram Mandir
Barsana or Varsana Town
Banke Bihari Mandir
Mathura School Of Art
Ghats in Mathura
Welcome to Mathura,
Mathura is a district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Mathura is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Krishna at the centre of Braj or Brij-bhoomi, called Shri Krishna janma-bhoomi, literally 'Lord Krishna's birth place'. The Keshav Dev temple was built in ancient times on the site of Krishna's legendary birthplace (an underground prison).
The most holy city of the Vaishnava cult, Mathura welcomes the visitors with the countless tales of the blue god. Each and every spot in this miraculous city has some connection with the most humane incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The serene banks of the river Yamuna and its holy Ghats attribute the religious fervor of the city to a great extent.
Banke Bihari Mandir is the most popular Hindu temple of Lord Krishna in the holy city of Vrindavan in the Mathura district, especially in the month of Shraavana (July-August). Banke Bihari was originally worshiped at Nidhivana. Banke means "bent in three places" and bihari means "supreme enjoyer." Haridas Swami originally worshipped this Deity under the name of Kunji-bihari. Banke Bihari Temple was established by Swami Haridas of the Nimbarka Sampradaya, a contemporary of the six Gosvamis.
Barsana is a town and a nagar panchayat in the Mathura district. Barsana is known for a fervent form of Holi known as the Lath-maar Holi. It takes the form of a procession coming down from Radharani temple. Men from Nand gaon impersonating Krishna, come to play Holi with the ladies of Barsana who play the role of Radha- Lord Krishna's Consort.
The Barsana temple is located on top of a hill which is a part of a small ridge composed of four hills. These hills are revered in the local legends as either the four heads of the god Brahma, or the three largest peaks as a form of trinity. Man Mandir is located atop another hill. The temples have a relatively recent construction and are dated to 18th century. The hill is verdant and is known as Ghevarvan.
Dwarkadhish Temple is an inexorable part of the religious shrines of Mathura. In terms of religion, Mathura is an important place, where Lord Krishna took birth, around 5000 years ago. Dwarkadheesh Temple is one of the most visited shrines of Mathura. Built in 1814, Dwarkadhish Temple is said to have been constructed by Seth Gokul Das Parikh, who was the treasurer of the Gwalior Estate. He was a great devotee of Lord Krishna and erected the shrine to commemorate the deity. In the present day, Dwarikadhish Temple is administered by the followers of the Vallabhacharya sect.
A holy town that is renowned as the birthplace of Lord Krishna, Mathura is a most favoured devout center in India. This sacred place boasts of numerous serene theerthams, which are popularly called as ghats. Now the city has 25 ghats and each of them is connected with Lord Krishna in one way or the other.
Devotees believe that a holy dip and performance of some rituals and poojas would retrieve them from their evil deeds. Among the numerous ghats, those that are scattered towards the north are called Vishram Ghats and towards the south are called Moksha Ghats. It is conventional that the devotee should visit all the 25 ghats to end up their pilgrimage of Mathura.
Govardhan is a hill located near the town of Vrindavan, in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh, India. It considered as sacred by a number of traditions within Hinduism. Known as Govardhan or Giriraj it is the sacred center of Vraja and is identified as a natural form of Krishna. The name 'Govardhana' has two primary translations. In the literal meaning, 'Go' translates to 'cows', and 'vardhana' translates to 'nourishment'. Govardhan Puja is celebrated the day after Diwali.
Govardhan is a town and a nagar panchayat in Mathura district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Govardhan famous for Holy Goverdhan Hill.There are many temple in this town Haridev Mandir, Daan-Ghati Mandir and Mukharbind. The temple god is another form of Lord Krishna. The town is also famous for its 21 kilometre long Parikrama of the a very old hill called Govardhan. The parikrama procession is held in very high religious belief. Its said that Lord Krishna held Govardhan Hill on his little finger to save the town from wrath of the god of rains Indra.
The town also houses Manasi-Ganga, a close ended lake. This is another pious place for the devotees visiting this town. On the banks of this lake, there are quite a few temples, one side of the lake shore now houses a regular marketplace. Being close-ended, pollution problem is rampant for the lake.
Mathura is famed for its great contribution in the field of arts and a special school of arts by name Mathura School originates from this legendary place. The Mathura Museum exposes some of the unique artifacts of Mathura school and it turns to be the most popular tourist destinations in the city.
Established in the year 1874, this museum is a best podium for those who love to do research works in the field of art. Formerly called as the Curzon Museum, this Museum reflects the rich cultural heritage of the city at its true colour. This octagonal shaped building with red sand stone looks fabulously amazing.
Among the various artifacts fine sculpture of Kushanas, gold, copper and silver coins, terrcota works , clay models, ancient pottery and paintings needs special mention. Statue of mother goddesses, stature of King Vima Kadphises sat on a lion throne and plates of the Sunga period are the other exceptional items on display.
Sri Krishna-Balaram Mandir is a Hindu Gaudiya Vaishnava temple in the holy city of Vrindavan. It is one of the main ISKCON temples in India and internationally. Hare Krishnas from all over the world can be seen here year-round, which adds color to this ancient ethnic holy city. Sri Krishna-Balaram Mandir was built in 1975 on the orders of Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, the founder-acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). Even today, it is regarded as one of the most popular temples in Vrindavan.
Krishna Janmasthan or Kesava Deo Temple is a temple situated in Mathura, India, and is among the sacred of Hindu sites. It was built in Mathura over the prison which was believed to be the birth place of Lord Krishna.In contemporary memory ,it was built by Raja Vir Sinh Bundela of Orchaa, in the reign of Jehangir. The Rajput prince enjoyed a special favour with the Mughal on account of his support to Jehangir in his succession. The site however has been a deeply religious one for the Hindus. It is said that the first temple here was constructed almost 5,000 years ago.
Kusuma Sarovara is a 460-feet-long lake and according to legend gopis used to pick flowers from here for Krishna. The ghatas at this kunda were built by Jawahir Singh around 1764.
Manasi Ganga Kunda is traditionally the starting and the end point of the circumambulation of Govardhana Hill. This kunda is considered more potent than the Ganges River, because by bathing in the Ganges River one gets liberation and by bathing here one achieves "Krishna prema," love of Krishna.
The Mathura Buddhas represent one of the finest developments in Indian art. It is not just a diachronic sculpture but a medieval Indian sculptural descriptor where Buddha is depicted as just not a historical figure but a figure worthy of bowing down. The Mathura Buddhas were quite different from the Gandhara ones. In fact it can be said that Lord Buddha was for the first time represented in human form in the Mathura and Gandhara Schools of Art.
The standing Mathura Buddha is a colossal statue wearing monastic robes. The transparent robes which is carved with circular lines once again points at his masculine body. The transparent robes carved with deeply etched circular lines also point to a strong physique. The right shoulder is bare as the left shoulder is draped elegantly. The halo behind Buddha`s head in Mathura, signalling his divinity, is marked with a scalloped design on the edge. In the background, there is the foliage of peepal tree, also a symbol of Buddha as he attained enlightenment. The lively naturalism with which the leaves are treated is a treat for the eyes.
The Mathura school of art flourished under the Kushanas, who were great patrons of arts, and ruled over the northern India from a period of first to second century A.D. The Mathura school of art is renowned worldwide for its vivacity and assimilative character of Indian themes, a tradition it has maintained till date unlike the Gandhara School of art which had the influence of Greco-roman rules of art. Mathura school of art holds a special place in the art history of India because of its exclusive pattern.
Mathura school of art is regarded as an outgrowth of ancient Indian school that flourished as centers of religious art back in 200B.C. The magnificence of Mathura school of art coincided with the rule of the Kushanas under the reign of Kanishka and his successors. The city of Mathura was a centre religious and artistic importance in the Gupta Period but gained prominence under the supremacy of the Kushanas. The fervor of Brahmanism, Jainism and Buddhism is very well distinguished in the paintings of Mathura School of Art.
Radha-Kund (English: "Radha's pond") is a town and a nagar panchayat in Mathura district. Following the sacred writing "Sri Upadeshamrita" (The Nectar of Instruction) by early 16th century saint Srila Rupa Gosvami of Vrindavan, a close associate of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Vaishnava Hindus consider Radha-Kund to be the supreme of all holy places. Every twenty years or so Radha Kund is emptied revealing the original Kund that was rediscovered by Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu on his travels, as prior to this the Kund had remained hidden for many years. The original pool becomes visible when Radha Kund is emptied and is named Kancan or Kankan Kund.
It was perhaps one of the earliest arts, which was widely sought after and imitated all over northern India only to be rivaled by works of Gandhara. Even today, tilas (the local name for large mounds) rise up within the city, probably the remains of stupas unexplored because of the buildings on and around them. As a result, unlike other important sites, not a single early building or monument has sur-vived, even in excavated form. Yet few cities in India can boast of greater antiquity. Through major excavations at Sonkh, a considerable light has been shed on its early cultural and political history of the region.
Many of the stambhas bear the voluptuous pillar figures of women that represent the denizens of the heaven; they are too stereotypical. However, the Nagaraja`s from Mathura have a rich touch to it. It is observed that the Jains produced distinctive cult objects in the form of the sarvatobhadrika images. Some also show figures or scenes or stupas, others are carved with decorative patterns and such ancient Indian symbols as the svastika and the twin fish, adopted by the Jains as well as the Buddhists. But it is the Jain inscriptions that are found more than the Buddhist ones.
Among the twenty five ghats in Mathura Vishram ghat acquires predominant position. Customary circumambulation of all the holy spots in Mathura begins and ends here at Vishram Ghat. Since the entire city is embellished with the fabulous tales of lord Krishna, Vishram Ghat is not an exception. Legend says that it was here that the lord took rest after killing Kamsa.
The Vishram Ghat is surrounded with handsome temples such as the Neelkantheshwar Temple, Mukut Temple, Radha-Damodar Temple, Yamuna-Krishna Temple, Langali Hanuman Temple Narasimha temples and Murli Manohar Temple. One of the haunting sights that should not be missed is the aarti at the Vishram Ghat in each evening. Small oil lamps that glide on the river set the docile water sparkling and the reflection of thousands of glistening lights on the sinuous brook set a marvelous spectacle.
Vrindavan(alternately spelled Vrindaban, Brindavan, Brindavana, or Brundavan) also known as Vraj (as it lies in the Braj region) is a town in the Mathura. It is the site of an ancient forest which is the region where Lord Krishna spent his childhood days. The town hosts hundreds of temples dedicated to the worship of Radha and Krishna and is considered sacred by a number of religious traditions such as Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Vaishnavism, and Hinduism in general.
Famous Place : Madan Mohan Temple, Banke Bihari Temple, Radha Vallabh Temple, Jaipur Temple, Sri Radha Raman Mandir, Shahji Temple, Rangaji Temple, Govind Deo (Govindaji) Temple, Sri Krishna-Balarama Temple, Radha Damodar Mandir, Shri Maa Katyayani Mandir, Chintaharan Hanuman Mandir, Shree Radha Ras Bihari Ashta Sakhi Temple etc
- Gokul, Mahaban, Durvasa Rishi Ashram, Kans Tila, Bhooteshwar Mahadev Mandir, Rangeshwar Mahadev Mandir etc.