Kullu Hill Station
Great Himalayan National Park
Kullu Hill Station
Vishnu Temples, Naggar
Rafting in Kullu
Welcome to Kullu Hill Station,
Kullu, once known as Kul-anti-peetha - "the end of the habitable world", is a district,in the indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is located on the banks of the Beas River in the Kullu Valley at 1200 mt height. Kullu is a broad open valley formed by the Beas river between Manali and Largi. This valley is famous for the beauty and its majestic hills covered with Pine and Deodar Forest and sprawling Apple Orchards.
Kullu offers many attractions to the tourists. It has rich art and cultural heritage,lush green deep meadows, dazzling rivers, white capped snowy peaks and high mountains. The district has incomparable Beas and its sub-valleys which are full of natural charm and grandeur. Not only the district is famous for its scenic beauty but also as a paradise for the trekkers and mountaineers.
Khokhan is 12 km from Kullu on a link road from Shamshi at 4 km distance from there. The temple of Aadi Brahma is in Pagoda style. Built in 14th century, it has four roofs. There are three other small temples within temple premises. The door of the temple has nice carving of Puranic Scenes. As temple is situated at a height, it provides an excellent view all around.
Adi Brahma Temple is 12km from Kullu, on a link road from Shamshi at a 4km distance from there. Khokhan is a famed pilgrim site in Manikaran, where the footfall of devotees goes up to more than thousand every month. The Adi Brahma Temple is built in the pagoda style of architecture, dating back to the 14th century. It contains four roofs. The entrance door to the temple has pretty engravings of Puranic scenes. As the Adi Brahma temple is placed at a lofty height, it commands an outstanding view of the surroundings.
Bajaura Temple is an ancient shrine, located about 200 metres off the Kullu-Mandi road in Hatta, Himachal Pradesh. The temple is 15km away from Kullu town. This pyramidic-structured temple is positioned on the banks of the Beas River. The controlling deity is Lord Shiva. Bajaura Temple enshrines a large `yoni-lingam` and the outer sides of the shrine are decorated with the images of Goddess Durga, Lord Vishnu and Lord Ganesha.
The Beas River is the second easternmost of the rivers of the Punjab, a tributary of Indus River. The river rises in the Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh, India, and flows for some 470 km (290 miles) to the Sutlej River in South Punjab of India. The river begins at the Rohtang Pass in the state of Himachal Pradesh, merging with the Sutlej at Harike Pattan south of Amritsar in Punjab, India via Mandi. The Sutlej continues into Pakistani Punjab and joins the Chenab River at Uch near Bahawalpur to form the Panjnad River; the latter in turn joins the Indus River at Mithankot. The waters of the Ravi, Beas (Vipasha) and Sutlej (also known as Shathadru) rivers are allocated to India under the Indus Waters Treaty between India and Pakistan.
Bhaikhali is a quaint village of Brahmins, nestled in the hills, about 10km from Kullu town. It is the abode of Jagannathi Mata, also called Bhuwaneshwari, sister to Lord Narayan. Bhaikhali temple is 1500 years old, an excellent sample of local art; a full sized lion built of stone stands on the lawns of the temple. The walls of the temple are adorned with paintings of Goddess Durga in a range of activities.
Legendary stories abound the Bhaikhali temple, a usual phenomenon with such an old temple. It is said that a boy from the Palsara family had gone to graze cattle. He was a fine flute player. Once while he was engrossed playing his flute, he noticed that two girls were dancing to his tune. To his bewilderment, he discovered that the feet of the girls were not touching the ground while they were dancing. Therefore, he caught one of the girls to know the truth. The girl divulged her identity and decided to stay back in the village. At that time, Lord Narayan vacated the temple of the Goddess. Three fairs are held in the months of April and June; the Kullu Dusshera festival is also held here in Baikhali temple complex. On the main Dusshera day, the gur-khel is worth a sight. After sunset, the goddess is taken out on a chariot. The place radiates a breath-taking sight at a sublime height of 1833 metres.
This lies east of the Rohtang Pass and is about 6 km from the village of Gulaba. The lake is situated at an altitude of 4,235 meters above sea level. Its depth is about 3 to 4 m and and it remains under snow for the whole winter. It is held sacred to Rishi Bhrigu. Being sacred this lake is visited by the people of Kullu, Mandi and Lahaul valley. It also lie on several trek routes of the region.
Situated atop of a majestic hill, Bijli Mahadev Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. This temple houses the pictorial view of the luxuriant valley below. The Pahari style temple architecture offers an eye-catching scenario not only to the ardent devotees but also to the frequent traveler.
Placed at a height of 2450 meters, this temple holds an amazing but true story of its own. It says that Shivlinga in the temple had broken into pieces due to lightning and the temple priest adheres it with butter. It is quite unbelievable that this strange phenomena recurs every year.
A holy darshan of the temple requires a hefty voyage of three kilometers on foot, which is quite tiresome. The uphill path towards this sacred shrine is flanked by pine trees that make the stride a pleasant one.
Built is 9th century, it was rebuilt in 1673 AD by Raja Shyam Sen of Mandi, this temple is of great architectural value. The style of this temple is pyramidal and is built on shankracharya 'Panch Dev Puja Padhati' that means worship of five gods together at a place. Along with Shiv Linga inside the temple, there are four other gods installed inside the temple. Vishnu, Ganesh and Durga in the West, South and North sides respectively whereas Surya is on the top of the temple. The main door opens in the East. Ganga and Yamuna welcomes every visitor at the gate.
The art of sculpture is also superb and that's why it has been declared as a protected monument. The wall are so thick that this temple with stood the earthquake of 1905.
Situated at an altitude of 4,270 meters above sea level, the lake is located near the Rohtang Pass that connects district Kullu with Lahaul. Rohtang Pass is at an altitude of 3,978 metres on the highway to Keylong, the mass affords a wide-spread panorama of mountain scenery. Here eye meets a range of precipitous cliffs, huge glaciers and piled moraine and deep ravines. Dashir ( also known as Dashaur and Sarkund ) is a very beautiful lake lies near the Rohtang Pass. This attractive lake has a depth of 3 to 4 m. The bath in the water of Dashir lake effects cure of all bodily ailments or imaginary.
This cave is 3 km from Nirmand towards south. A narrow defile leads to the place. The cave is quite deep and about 6 ft. in height. A Shiva-linga is there inside the cave. On it, water oozing from the roof falls drop by drop. This is a miracle of the nature, otherwise there is no water on that rock hill. There is a grove of sacred trees out side the cave and under these grove idols of some other gods are kept. The entrance of the cave has shape of Lord Ganesha. The local people consider it to be a very sacred shrine. The temple is worth to visit.
The supreme natural beauty of Kullu valley is fabulous. The rivers of this charming valley are fed by the abundant snow and spring fed streams which flourish with brown and rainbow trout. These streams are located all around the valley in divinely beautiful locations, intensifying the charm of fishing. Kasol is one such destination located at 42 km from Kullu on the banks of Paravati River. This is a good holiday destination near Kullu and is also a hotspot for trout fishing.
Banjar is popular among tourists for trout fishing in river Tirthan. It is situated 58 km from Kullu. Other fishing areas are Katrain, Rasol, Naggar along river Tirthan, and Larji in the sainj valley. One can find the trouts in these areas during the months of April to June and September to early November.
The National Park with an area of 754 sq. km. is located in Kullu District and has the representative area of temperate and alpine forests of Himachal. It has some the virgin coniferous forests of the State. Vast areas of alpine pastures and glaciers cap this park. This area has many important wildlife species of Western Himalayas, like Musk deer, Brown bear, Goral, Thar, Leopard, Snow leopard, Bharal, Serow, Monal, Kalij, Koklas, Cheer, Tragopan, Snow cock etc. Trekking of Rakti-Sar, origin of Sainj river and camping in alpine pastures is unforgettable. Similar is the trekking route to Tirath the origin of Tirthan river. Visitors can contact Director, Great Himalayan National Park at Shamshi or Range Officer wildlife at Sainj or Range Officer Wild Life at Sai Ropa (Banjar) for assistance and guidance. Camping equipment and guides are provided by the Forests Department.
About 30 km from Kullu, on the left bank there is village named Sarsai. Dashal village is about 1/2 km from Sarsai village. The temple here is of Gauri-Shankar which is very famous for its architecture. The temple is in a pyramidal style on a raised platform, with square at the base and a dome above. The stones used are richly engraved. The temple consists of the idol of Gauri-Shankar installed inside it. In the front portion of the Garbh-Grih, the figures of Ganesh, flowers, a musician and a dancer have been engraved on stones. The temple is a protected monument. A fair, locally called as Chachohli fair is held in March/ April for three days.
Saint Shri Narayan Hari came to Kullu in 1940 from his native place Kamalpur (Pakistan) and settled in Manikaran. Initially there was nothing except two hot water springs. He worked on the Gurudwara building and the 50 years long service bore fruit in the shape of present Gurudwara. And, now this Gurudwara can accommodate more than 4000 people with free 'Lunger' facility.
There is an artificial cave near the Gurudwara built by the saint where he used to meditate for 40 days or so in a year. He died in 1991. At present his daughter and his son-in-law look after the Gurudwara management.
Located on the Mandi-Manali National Highway, Hanogi Mata Temple is a popular temple attraction. Dedicated to Hango Mata, this Hindu temple is visited by devotees all the year round. Located atop a small peak, green mountains serve as a backdrop for the temple and a gleaming stream flowing below makes this temple a stunning attraction.
The sacred abode of Jagannathi devi, this temple is believed to have been constructed 1500 years ago. The deity in the temple is also known as Bhuweneshawari, who is considered as the sister of Lord Vishnu. The walls of the temple are carved with the images of Durga and the temple as such reflects the local architecture.
Like all other temples in India, this pretty shrine also is linked with a fabulous legend. It says that, once a shepherd boy accidentally noticed that two girls danced to the tune of his magical flute and he caught hold of one among them. The goddess revealed her identity and agreed to settle in the village at Bekhli.
The Jagannathi Devi Temple or the Bekhli Temple is placed at an altitude of 1800 meter. The 90 minutes ascend to the top is rewarded with the panoramic view of the surroundings and the holy dharshan of the gorgeous deity. The sculptures and images enshrined in the shrine show Rajasthani and Gaddi tribal influence.
Jumla Temple is located in Prini (a pictorial village, situated 5km from Manali, in Kullu) in Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh. It is dedicated to Lord Jumla, looked at as the most influential God in Kullu Valley. The temple lies along the Manali-Chandra Tal Lake-Baralacha Pass trek route. Sethan, Chhika, Juara and Manali are located in close proximity. Joginder Nagar Railway Station is the nearest railhead. Prini is connected by road to Manali (5km).
It was first notified as a sanctuary on 26th February 1954. This small heavily disturbed sanctuary reportedly harbours population of the endangered Musk Deer, as well as of several species of pheasants. It includes part of the catchment of the Kais Nala, an important tributary of the Beas River.
This sanctuary located in the Parvati Valley of the Kullu District is the habitat of the Himalayan thar. This big goat is often seen on high mountainous precipices. A splendid trek is possible along the Garahan Nalla from Kasol through dense deodar and fir forests. The rest house at Kasol is convenient and the Range Officer, Wildlife, Kasol, can offer information and assistance.
It was first notified as a sanctuary on 26th February 1954. This sanctuary is home for one of the largest reported diversity of Mammals in Himachal, including endangered species like the Himalayan Tahr and Musk deer. Khokhan sanctuary is unfortunately heavily disturbed by the humans and livestock. It is connected to Nagra sanctuary in the South-West, across the Bagi Dhar. Wild animals are reported tomove between the sanctuaries across this ridge. Forest types include moist deodar, moist temperate deciduous forest and Kharsu Oak forest.
Mammals : Himalayan Black Bear, Jungle Cat, Himalayan Palm Civet, barking Deer, red Fox, Goral, Jackal, common Langur, Leopard, Marten, Rhesus Macaque, Porcupine, blue Sheep, Squirrels, Himalayan Tahr, Himalayan Weasel and Wolf.
Dussehra is celebrated in most parts of the country on Vijya Dashmi to commemorate the victory of Rama over demon king Ravana. The highlight of this fair is The victory of good over evil. Kullu Dussehra is however, different in certain ways from Dussehra celebrations in the other parts of the country. It presents cultural ethos of the people and their deep rooted religious beliefs which manifest during this festival with traditional songs, dances and colorful dress. It begins on Vijya Dashmi and lasts for a week. There is an interesting story behind the beginning of Dussehra Festival. And now also, the internationally famous Dussehra of Kullu is celebrated in the same tradition.
Kullu Shawls owes its origin to the Kinnauri Shawl. It is made made in Kullu in Himachal Pradesh. These shawls have become world famous because of their elegant look, brilliant traditional patterns, quality and reasonable cost. Kullu shawls being lightweight are draped around the shoulders. Kullu Shawls are always in high demand due to their affordability. But the price of shawls varies depending upon the quality of wool and the pattern. Shawls made on the handloom are expensive as compared to those made on the powerloom.
The designs and intricate motifs of Kullu Shawl's have derived from Kinnauri design. With the passage of time the design patterns have simplified enormously. Today Kullu shawls are available in various colors. Various colours are used for the ground and vast range of acrylic colors are used for the pattern in the border. Kullu shawls are available in various stuffs including wool, Angora, Pashmina and handspun material. The yarn used to make Kullu shawls are chemically dyed or vegetable dyed. A Kullu shawl is a light woolen fabric and its production is a big source of livelihood for the people of valley. Kullu shawls are available in both bright and soft color combinations. They have a huge-variety of geometrical designs, floral and animal designs. Some of the popular patterns of Kullu shawls are Plain shawls, Plain with ek phool, Plain with teen phool, Shawl having design all over it etc.
The scintillating beauty of the Kullu valley has ever since being attracting tourists from far off places, some come here in search of peace, away from the hubbub of big cities, some come here looking for adventure and some just for a break. The valley is an ideal destination for all. Visit the Valley of Gods, where the music of the temple bells ushers in with the morning rays, as they spread over the dense woods of the valley. The valley preserves 368 temples upholding the faith of the people. Bishweshwar temple (Bajaura),Hadimba temple (Manali) and Murlidhar Temple (Naggar) are certain fine examples of Kullu temple architecture.
The valley begets enlivening waterfalls and hot water springs concealing healing power. It wraps certain amazing passes, some of them hitherto uncharted and sheer lakes.
Lug Valley is a valley in the Kullu District of the Himalayan region in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India. For the last 150 years, the people of the valley have been forest contractors in extracting timber from the forest. Today, the main forest contractors in the Himalayan region are still found in the Lug valley.
The Lug valley in Kullu is reportedly the place where the concept of using cables and trolleys for transportation was first employed by the British Forest Department to transport timber out of Himachal Pradesh forests in the early twentieth century.
Little ahead of the beautiful Chanderkhani Pass lies the village Malana which is famous for the temple of Jamlu and its distinct, social and cultural life. Malana is considered to be the oldest democracy in the world. It would be worth while to visit this village to study the style and social system prevalent there.
It is situated on a remote plateau by the side of torrential Malana river at a height of 3029 m above the sea level. Unaffected by the modern civilisation, Malana has its own lifestyle and social structure. People are strict in following their customs. Malana has been the subject of various documentaries including, Malana: Globalization of a Himalayan Village, and Malana, A Lost Identity.
Manikaran is located in the Parvati Valley between the rivers Beas and Parvati, northeast of Bhuntar in the Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh. It is at an altitude of 1760 m and is located about 45 km from Kullu. This small town attracts tourists visiting Manali and Kullu to its hot springs and piligrim centres.An experimental Geothermal Energy plant has also been set up here. Manikaran is a pilgrimage centre for Hindus and Sikhs. It has many temples and a gurudwara. There are temples of Lord Rama, Krishna, and Vishnu. The area is well-known for its hot springs and its beautiful landscape.
Pilgrimage Places : Gurudwara, Lord Ramchandra Temple, Temple of Lord Shiva etc.
This lake is the source of Parbati River. This beautiful lake is situated at an altitude of 4116 meters above mean sea level. The location is beautiful and there is a beautiful range of Parbati peaks surrounding the lake. The beautiful surrounding mountains and clear water makes this beautiful lake look like an emerald shining bright amidst the mountains.
Murlidhar Temple, 3km from Naggar (the erstwhile capital of Kullu, founded by Raja Vishudhpal), is located in Thawa village in Kullu district. Built in `shikhara` style of architecture, the temple belongs to the early gothic period. Murlidhar Temple is devoted to Lord Krishna and contains idols of Radha, Garuda, Padmasambhava and Lakshmi-Narayan. The temple quite fortunately is placed amidst green jungles and offers an energising atmosphere. The famed Kullu Dussehra festival is held here. Murlidhar Temple had enjoyed royal benefaction for a long time.
Around 10 kms from Manali lies this vast expanse of man-made beauty. Pandoh dam is a power generator hydro-electric dam, built on river Beas. The lake is the reservoir of the dam and has five bays that regulate the water. At a height of 76 m, the dam is earth cum rock filled and is part of the Bhakra Beas Management Board. This dam is en route to Manali from Kullu and tourists can stop over here to capture a few glimpses of this magnanimous beauty in their cameras.
The principal shrine of Nirmand (also known as the `Kashi of the Himalayas`, Nirmand is the largest and most ancient village in Kullu), Parashuram Temple is built in the conventional Pahari styled double-storeyed building with gabled slate roof. This temple akin to a hill fortress encloses a tiny courtyard with the only entrance from the western side. The northern part of the Parashuram Temple is a double-storeyed structure that stores invaluable artifacts. The intricate carvings on the exterior wooden balconies and pillars exemplify stories from Hindu mythology. Inside, is a statue of Parashuram with three heads. The marvellous statue was gifted by Rani Agartala of Kashmir in 900 A.D; there is a diamond eye in the centre of the forehead. Nearby temples of Devi Ambika and Lord Shiva are also worth a visit.
The well-known hot springs of Manikaran are just 30 miles (45km) from Kulu town, in the heart of the valley. The local legend describes how, while Goddess Parvati (consort of lord Shiva ) bathed in the river, Naga; the serpent god, stole her earrings (Manikaran). At Siva's command, he angrily blew them back from the underground causing a spring to flow. Manikaran is supposed to be the hottest in the world. The local people cook their food by the spring and there are separate baths for men and women.
The road from Kulu to Manali runs along the swift and rushing torrents of the River Beas. It is flanked by lofty mountains and spreading forests. On this road is Katrain, famous for its fruit orchards and its trout hatchery. Near Katrain, across the river, is a small town Naggar, which has been made famous by the late Russian painter, Nicholas Roerich, whose gallery can be seen there. Jagatsukh, the biggest village of the district on the Naggar-Manali road, is popular for its annual Chacholi Yatra. the quiet resort of Katrain is famous for trout fishing while Vasishth and Manikaran are known for hot springs.
The traditional name of Vasantotasava is Pipal Jatra or it is also called Rai-ri-Jach. It takes place at Dhalpur, Kullu on 16th Baisakh every year. The Raja of Kullu was used to sit in front of the 'Kala Kendra' on a raised platform of Pipal Tree alongwith his courtiers and the traditional dance was held in front of him. Once about 16 Kullu gods participated in this fair but by and by it lost its grandeur. In 1976 AD efforts were made to revive this fair with the help of Himachal Academy of Arts, Culture and Language.
The Baishakha is the month of Blooming spring season in Kullu Valley. So the fair has been renamed as Vasantotsava or Spring festival. Cultural programs are organized with classical music songs and dances. Vanstosava is now held from 28th April to 30th April every year. It is also very significant from the business point of view. The people belonging to Lahaul begin to return to their native place after passing cold wither in the valley. This fair gives them an opportunity to buy their agricultural tools and other useful/ needful equipments and items.
Kullu is one of the most popular destinations for rafting. River Beas, located close to Kullu is the place where rafters can enjoy this sport. The season from end of April to June and again from mid-September to mid-October is the apt time for rafting in Kullu. The river boasts of various grades that suits amateurs as well as seasoned rafters. Gears and training can be taken from the Himachal Mountaineering Institute and Allied Sports, located in Manali.
This famous Rahgunath temple is renowned for the seven day long Dussehra festivals. This temple is dedicated to Raghunath Ji. The idol in the temple is taken from Tretnath temple and the popular belief is that it is the same idol that was used by Lord Rama. Raghunath Temple was built in the year 1650 AD. The temple architecture is a curious blend of Pyramidal and Pahari style.
The deity in this shrine is believed to be the safe guarder of the entire valley and it is believed that King Jagat Singh constructed this temple to get rid of his sinful past. Situated on a hillock, this majestic shrine gives a panoramic view of the Kullu valley, which fascinates every one who turned to have a holy darshan.
Rama Temple built by Raja Jagat Singh on top of two Shiva temples, is in the pyramidic style of architecture. The idol of Lord Rama was brought from Ayodhya; it was kept here till 1661 A.D., subsequently it was shifted to Kullu. Raja Dilip Singh restored the Rama temple in 1889 A.D. Since 1981, a trust looks after the temple. A free `langar` (vegetarian meal served to the worshippers) programme also runs here. Private and government lodging is also available within the temple premises.
Roerich Art Gallery is situated 2km uphill from Naggar bus stand. The gallery originally was N.K. Roerich's residence, later turned into the art gallery by his son Svyetoslav Roerich. The art gallery is run as Roerich Heritage Museum by a trust formed by the governments of Himachal Pradesh and Russia. Prime Minister of India is the chairperson of this trust.
Nicholas K. Roerich embraced stupendous qualities. He was a master artist, a scholar, a writer, an archaeologist and an explorer. His reverance for the Himalayas inspired him to paint thousands of paintings of the Himalayas, sentinels of India. A few of his excellent creations have been housed at the Roerich Art Gallery, in Naggar. The gallery preserves original works of Roerich on the Himalayas, quotations from Roerich and valued words of the visitors and the admirers.
Sandhya Devi Temple is an 8th century place of worship located at Jagatsukh in Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh. It is situated about 14km from Naggar and is just 6km south of Manali. The presiding deity is Sandhya Devi (Goddess of the evening), a 120cm stone idol consecrated in the sanctum. This large chalet-roofed temple with a stone base and wooden verandah is one of the leading temples of Naggar.
The importance of this ancient shrine lies in the fact that it was erected on the structure of an old temple; the old formation was built in the Vallabhi style of architecture. The stone carvings in the lower part that differ from the upper woodcarvings, done in archaic style, stands as a witness to this fact. Evidences from the inscriptions reveal that the original structure including the wooden part was completed in the year 1428 A.D. by Raja Urdhanpal. The structure that stands today contains Mughal pillars and woodcarvings which could be later editions. The temple was later restituted in the 19th century.
It is situated at the top of Jalori Pass in district Kullu. This beautiful lake is situated at an altitude of 3100 meters. It is 20 km. from Banjar towards Anni. The location is beautiful and commands a good view of the surrounding hills.
This fair is held on 1st Baisakh (April 13) for one day in village Khokhan. The fair is religious and seasonal. The legend connected with he moved by the alluring beauties of the hill springs used to dance at this place with her girl friends who were daughters of Rishis and Munis. The local inhabitants also regard themselves as the progeny of the daughters of those Rishis and Munis. The goddess is worshiped outside and then it is taken inside the temple. The people offer young yellow sheets of barley which are specially sown for the occasion to be offered to the Devi along with garlands. Then a he goat is scarified. Thereafter the women sing and dance around the Rahta carrying the Devi. The devi is also danced about. Men-fold stay on as spectators and on-lookers.
Rishi Shringa is the chief deity of Banjar valley. This valley is Rishi's 'Tapo Bhoomi'. According to a legend, there was a 'Pindi' (A sacred stone) in the forest at Skeeran. The Pindi asked every passer by for its installation in a temple. The people built a temple in the forest at Skeeran. But then they found it difficult to go there for worship. So they built another temple of the Rishi the Bagi village. The new temple is 12 km from the original one. Every year in the month of May, Rishi makes a visit to this place.
The deity is kept in its chariot all the time. The new temple is in Pagoda and Pahari style with four roofs. The wooden work is marvelous. The idols inside the temple are of stone and brass. The temple remains closed during winter.
Some other temples in Banjar : Parshuram Temple, Ambika Temple, Shrikhand Mahadev etc.
Sultanpur Palace was one of the finest palaces with vivacious colorsof Kullu style mural paintings. In 1905 the palace got destroyed and now only the part of the palace stands known as Shish Mahal. The surround of the palace showcase the picture perfect beauty and the untouched beauty of the Kullu Region.
It was first notified as a sanctuary on 17th June 1976. This high altitude sanctuary is quite rich in floral and faunal species. The northern part of the sanctuary now has been included in the Great Himalayan National Park. Forest types include Ban Oak, moist Deodar, western mixed coniferous, moist temprerate deciduous, Kharasu Oak and Alpine Pastures.
Mammals : Himalayan Black Bear, Brown Bear, jungle Cat, barking Deer, Musk Deer, red Indian Fox, Goral, Ibex, Jackal, common Langur, Leopard, Snow Leopard, Rhesus, Macaque, Marten, Mouse Hare, Porcupine Indian, Serow, blue Sheep, Squirrels, Himalayan Tahr, Himalayan Weasel and Wolf.
Kullu is one of the main trekking areas in Himachal Pradesh. There are several famous treks around the Kullu Valley, but most of the trails are situated beyond the Rohtang Pass in the valleys of Spiti, Lahaul, Zanskar and Ladakh. Expeditions for upto 10-12 days are organized in this area from Pin-Pass to Spiti and Manikaran to Chhota Dhara. The valley extremities are usually around 3500 m high with many villages and Buddhist monasteries positioned well above 4000 m. Most treks take about two to three weeks to complete and lead through isolated areas.
The treks here pass through rough and pristine terrain, deep forests and beautiful streams. The trekkers can see many old temples that lie along the way. The best period to enjoy trekking in this region is from April to mid-June and mid-September to mid-October. The excitement of high altitude trekking is the utmost when done in the months from June to September.
Tripuara Sundari Temple is situated in Naggar (the erstwhile capital of Kullu, founded by Raja Vishudhpal), and is a three-storeyed shrine with a colossal wooden structure. The temple resembles a pagoda and its architectural design follows the Hadimba Devi temple in Manali. There is a canopy with a pinnacle at the top, which is crowned by a chhatra. Images of various gods and goddesses can be witnessed in the Tripuara Sundari Temple.
he temple is in close proximity to the Naggar Bus Station. However, some people are of the belief that the temple is in a shape of a web that was made by the Goddess after turning Herself into a spider. Raja Yashodhapal had constructed the Tripuara Sundari Temple. Sharhi yatra, a widely-accepted fair is held here in honour of the Goddess in the month of May. The temple consists of stone idols of Lord Ganesha, Lord Vishnu, Lord Brahma, Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Narayan and Shiva-Parvati. A 30cm idol of Tripura Rakshasa of Astdhatu (an assortment of eight metals) is also placed here.
On the left bank of the Beas, Naggar (1760 m) is delightfully situated on a wooded slope and commands an extensive view. It was the capital of erstwhile Kulu state for about 1400 years. This tribal and folk art museum was founded by Professor and Madame Nicholas Roerich in 1928, then known as Research Institute, Naggar where history, ethos, the spirit of the Himalayan region and the traditional Indian and Tibetan medicines were studied. It was renamed as Uruswati Himalayan Folk Art Museum in 1993. Uruswati is an Sanskrit word, meaning 'light of the morning star'.
This folk art museum is situated 100m uphill Nicholas K. Roerich Art Gallery. Russian folk artifices, music instruments, dolls, paintings and dishes are displayed in the museum. Some masterly oil paintings by Russian painters and family photographs of the Roerichs are displayed In the entrance gallery. In the upper storey of the museum some fine works of Indian painters are displayed which have been donated to the museum during various painting workshops organized here.
The museum exhibits reproductions of Roerich's works, stone carvings, woodcarvings like doorframes, crystal pieces and some quotations from Agniyoga. The museum demonstrates traditional costumes of Kullu, Lahaul- Spiti, Tibet and Ladakh. Some excellent stone Carvings of Vishnu, Ganesha, Durga, Krishna, Narsimha and Shiv- Parbati are housed inside. It also displays some beautiful pahari paintings and a photograph of Lord Buddha.
Vaishno Devi Temple is located about 4km from Dhalpur in Kullu. A small cave here enshrines an idol of goddess Vaishno Devi. It can be called a pretty place of pilgrim, located in the heart of the Himalayan range. An idol of Goddess Durga is installed here. A saint had established this temple in 1964 A.D. After his death, Vaishno Devi Temple is managed by Sharda Sewa Sungh. A Lord Shiva Temple is also present here in the complex. The management runs a free `langar` (vegetarian meal served to worshippers) and a `saraye` for pilgrims to stay overnight. The surroundings radiate a serene and peaceful atmosphere. The River Beas flowing by the side of the Vaishno Devi temple adds to the temple`s commanding glory. An acupressure treatment centre also operates within the temple complex at free of cost.
- Villages : Larji, Kasol, Katrain, Shoja, Raison, Pulga, Khirganga etc.
- Fair and Festivals : Mela Bhuntar, Sainj, Luhri Lavi, Ani, Dalash, Ganter, Ghatasani, Dhoongri, Bhadoli, Phagli, Birshu, Sharhi Jatra, Chet, Nawala, Chrewal or Badranjo etc.
- Jagan Nath Temple, Chandi Devi Temple, Triyuginarain Temple etc.