Durga Puja Festival
Belur Math(Ramakrishna Temple)
Dakshineswar Kali Temple
Indian Institute of Management(IIM) Calcutta
Howrah Bridge(Rabindra Setu)
Raj Bhavan(Government House)
St. Paul's Cathedral
Welcome to Kolkata,
Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Kolkata is the cultural capital of India and the commercial capital of Eastern India. It is located in eastern India on the east bank of the Hooghly River. Previously it was known as Calcutta. It is the centre of modern education, science, culture and politics in India. It is also known as the 'City of Joy' and 'City of Palaces'.
It is the center of the bengali culture in India. The famous festival of 'Durga Pooja' is celebrated here with great warm. The city houses various Museums, libraries, British administrative offices, Historic hotels, City parks, Statues and memorials, Sports venues, Markets and malls, Places of worship, Bridges,British-era clubs, British-era buildings, Educational institutes of academic and historical interest, Amusement parks etc. Some of them are Dakshineswar Kali Temple, Howrah Bridge, National Library of India, St. Paul's Cathedral, Victoria Memorial etc.
The Academy of Fine Arts in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) is one of the oldest fine arts societies in India. The academy was formally established in 1933. It was initially located in a room loaned by the Indian Museum, and the annual exhibitions used to take place in the adjoining verandah.
The Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Botanical Garden (previously known as Indian Botanical Gardens, Howrah) are situated in Shibpur, Howrah near Kolkata. They are commonly known as the Calcutta Botanical Garden, and previously as the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. The gardens exhibit a wide variety of rare plants and a total collection of over 12,000 specimens spread over 109 hectares. It is under Botanical Survey of India (BSI) of Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. The best-known landmark of the garden is The Great Banyan, an enormous banyan tree (Ficus bengalhensis) that is reckoned to be the largest tree in the world, at more than 330 metres in circumference. They are also famous for their enormous collections of orchids, bamboos, palms, and plants of the screw pine genus (Pandanus).
The gardens were founded in 1787 by Colonel Robert Kyd, an army officer of the British East India Company, primarily for the purpose of identifying new plants of commercial value, such as teak, and growing spices for trade. Over the years attractive display gardens for the public have been developed and many kinds of plants have been cultivated for scientific observation. During the 1970s the garden initiated a program to introduce improved food plants and other varieties of economic benefit to the people of India. Indian Botanical Gardens can be reached by taking a ferry service from Bichali Ghat, in Metiabruz. Presently, the easiest way to reach there is by passing over the Vidyasagar Setu as one of the exits from this bridge leads to the garden.
Agro- Horticultural Gardens is located in Alipur Road, Kolkata. The garden was the brainchild of a devout Danish Baptist Missionary - William Carey, who set it up in the year 1820. William Carey had been very much instrumental in giving a beautiful shape to the garden, by showcasing the rich wildlife and flora in a compact way. The garden abounds in many rare species of trees apart from varieties of tress and plants. Some of the important rare trees are Amherstia Nobiles, Monodora Grandiflora, Saraca Thaipingensis and Pterygota alta Diversifolia among many others. The plants are not just showy and elegant but some also have many medicinal properties. Their aroma fills the atmosphere, which is utterly refreshing in the mornings. Different varieties of climbers, cactus, shrubs, garden plants and aromatic plants can be traced in the garden, which is located in the sprawling 63 bighas of land. The garden, apart from the flower garden, also constitutes of green houses, a library, Tissue Culture Laboratory, training center, nurseries and hostel facilities for students of the Cary Institute, research laboratory, along with an Administrative office and Secreterial Residential complex.
As a whole the garden seems to be bright with colourful flowers and fruits. There is also a natural fountain that can be spotted around the southwestern side of the garden gate. This adds a special aura to the place, which is not only enjoyable for the elders but also to the children. The garden during picnic seasons and holidays remains packed with people. Events keep on happening, among which the Summer Garden Competition in the month of June and the Foliage Plant Show in the month of September are the important ones that can provide for ultimate excitement and pleasure for flora lovers. The garden is open from 7 Am in the morning till 10AM and again from 2PM to 6 PM in the evening.
The Alipore Zoological Gardens (also informally called the Alipore Zoo, Calcutta Zoo or Kolkata Zoo) is India's oldest formally stated zoological park (as opposed to royal and British menageries) and a big tourist attraction in Kolkata, West Bengal. It has been open as a zoo since 1876, and covers 45 acres (18 ha). It is probably best known as the home of the now expired Aldabra Giant Tortoise Adwaita, which was reputed to have been over 250 years old when it died. It is also home to one of the few captive breeding projects involving the Manipur Brow-antlered Deer.
The zoo displays a large number of crowd-pulling megafauna, including the Royal Bengal Tiger, African Lion, Jaguar, Hippopotamus, Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros, Reticulated Giraffe, Grant's Zebra, Emu, Dromedary Camel and Indian Elephant. Previously, other megafauna like the Panthera hybrids and the Giant Eland were present.
The Alipur region is situated in the southern part of the Kolkata. The region is very popular in the Kolkata city as it has a number of attractions, which cater to the thousands of tourists who visit the city of Kolkata every year as well as the business enterprises. The two popular tourist attractions around this place are the Alipur Zoo or Zoological Gardens, which is also regarded as one of the best zoological gardens in the Indian subcontinent and the National Library, which is the largest library of the nation.
Some of the major industries are also located in the region of Alipur. This site is mainly known for the number of industries that are grounded on its lands. The major industries sited in this area are cement manufacture industry, printing and book binding industry, oilseed milling and general engineering works industry.
Aquatica is an 8-acre (32,000 m2) water theme park in Kolkata, India. The theme park was started in 1999. It is one of the largest water amusement parks in Kolkata as well as eastern India. Recently another water theme park, Wet 'O' Wild, has come up near Nicco Park in the Salt Lake City area. The water theme park Aquatica is located in Kochpukur, Rajarhat, just beside the Rajarhat New Town area.
Aquatica has a number of rides including tremendously exciting ones like the Black Hole, the Wave Pool, Niagara Falls, Tornado and the Aqua Dance Floor. There is a GoKarting track adjacent to Aquatica for the die-hard karting lovers. Regular parties and Fashion shows are hosted here, especially in the winter.
Armenian Church is often regarded as the oldest church in Kolkata, a commemoration of the Armenian community living in Kolkata. The Church looks after the age-old religious institution, which has been serving the Armenians since 1724. The Church represents the 150 odd Armenian families still inhabiting the city. An Armenian Aga Nazar built the Church, and Kenanentekh Phanoosh donated the land for the church, Katchik Arfiel gave the architectural guidance.
There is a gallery on the first floor of the Church, which has a connecting spiraling staircase. The alter which is composed of a cross, the gospels and 12 candlesticks depicting Christ and his Apostles, has three oil paintings beside it, of eminent English painter A.E. Harris. Those were namely `The Holy Trinity`, `The Last Supper` and `The Enshrouding of Our Lord` - The commemoration is extensively done, sometimes even with silver and brass tablets being used for the engravings of the tributes.
Located in the intersection of Park Street and Chowranghee, Asiatic Society was formed in 1784 by Sir William Jones and a group of Europeans with Warren Hastings as it's first patron. The library inside has approximately 149,000 volumes including 8,000 rare Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian and Hindi manuscripts. It is also rich with archaeological relics, geological and ethnological specimens. The rooms of the society contain valuable work of art, including original paintings by Reubens, Guiles, Reynolds and others. The library also has an interesting collection of manuscripts, coins, inscriptions and engravings. The Ashokan rock edict is a unique item here.
Located at Centenary building of University of Calcutta. In 1937 the Asutosh Museum of Indian Art was opened in the Western Hall of the then Senate House. This museum has rare and valuable collections including Bengal patachitra paintings, katha shilpo art, folk art, terra cotta, ivory art etc.
The Dalhousie square was an important hub of power during British rule in Kolkata. Now the Dalhousie square or the BBD Bagh, houses many important buildings and offices, which contribute to the heritage of the city. In the beginning, the square was named after the Governor General of India, Lord Dalhousie from 1847 to 1856, but was renamed as BBD Bagh to mark the three patriots of Bengal, Binoy, Badal, Dinesh. They martyred for the country`s independence and history encases their contributions.
The BBD Bagh stretches two sq. kms and is located in Central Kolkata, where we find manyBBD Bagh old British era buildings. The colonial legacy that the place has inherited is evident from the structures and the history associated with it and it is also declared as an endangered world heritage. The planning of the square was in a way to reflect the stronghold of the British colonial power in India. This are as resided by renowned British servants besides their offices. Now the place consists of the Writer`s building, -secratariat of West Bengal government, Royal Exchange (a one-time residence of Robert Clive and now the office of the Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry), General Post Office (G.P.O.) of Kolkata, Telephone Bhawan and St. John`s Church. Other important buildings of BBD Bagh and its adjoining areas are the Calcutta Stock Exchange, Tea Board, the Calcutta Improvement Trust, the Eastern railway offices at Fairlie Place, and other chambers of commerce.
The Bangiya Sahitya Aprishad Chitrasala was established in the year 1910. It is the storehouse of many precious medieval stone and metal sculptures, letters of famous Bengali authors, various objects of art and archaeological objects that bears testimony to the cultural aspects of Bengal. There are many old manuscripts that have been preserved here, along with many other valuable materials. Located in the Acharya Prafulla Chandra Street, the Chitrasala stores and promotes cultural heritage of India.
Belur Math is the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission, founded by Swami Vivekananda. It is located on the west bank of Hooghly River, Belur, West Bengal, India and is one of the significant institutions in Kolkata. The temple is notable for its architecture that fuses Hindu, Christian and Islamic motifs as a symbol of unity of all religions. The 40-acre (160,000 m2) campus of the Belur Math on the banks of Ganga includes temples dedicated to Ramakrishna, Sarada Devi and Swami Vivekananda, in which their relics are enshrined, and the main monastery of the Ramakrishna Order. The campus also houses a Museum containing articles connected with the history of Ramakrishna Math and Mission.
Several educational institutions affiliated with the Ramakrishna Mission are situated in the vast campus adjacent to Belur Math. The Belur Math is considered as one of the prime tourist spots near Kolkota and place of pilgrimage by devotees. The ex-president Abdul Kalam regarded Belur Math as a "place of heritage and national importance.
Belur Math owns Sri Ramakrishna Temple, Swami Vivekananda Temple, Holy Mother's(Sarada Devi) temple and Ramakrishna Museum.
Bidhan Nagar, or Salt Lake City as it is popularly called, is a planned satellite township in the Indian state of West Bengal. It was developed between 1958 and 1965 to accommodate the burgeoning population of Kolkata, the state capital. It is now a hub of economic and social expansion and is famous as the centre for IT in the city. he city was built on a reclaimed salt-water lake, which gave rise to its popular name of "Salt Lake City".
Birla Academy of Art and Culture Museum was established in 1966. Paintings of the mediaeval period as well as modern art and some archaeological specimens are on display. Regular exhibitions of modern Indian sculptors and painters are also held. The sculpture collection at the Birla Academy of Art and Culture dates from the 2nd to the 19th century AD. South Indian sculpture, especially from the Chola and Vijayanagara empires, are also represented. Another collections, a granite dancing of 12 century Chola images of Ganesha and Shiva as Jnana Dakshinamurti are also displayed.
Birla Industrial and Technological Museum (BITM), a unit under National Council of Science Museums [NCSM], Ministry of Culture, Government of India, in Kolkata. Birla is a name which is associated with Industrial progress of India and the Birla group has not spared any efforts in presenting these achievements and providing an opportunity for the younger minds to experiment and understand the basic concepts of science. The Birla Industrial and Technological Museum, established in 1956 boasts of a wide spectrum of gallery and design work ranging from basic to advance science such as electronics, nuclear, communication as well as mining, iron etc.
The museum pro actively organizes film shows, games, sky watch sessions, fun filled learning sessions and a lot more. Various attractions as rabbit house, aquarium, aviary, bonsai, snake pits and an underground coal mine setup provide a deep insight into the field. The purpose of scientific awareness is innovatively achieved through generation of interest. The Museum can visited from 1000 -1730hr. Monday is the weekly off.
Birla Mandir in Kolkata, India, is a Hindu temple on Asutosh Chowdhury Avenue, Ballygunge, built by the industrialist Birla family. The construction of the temple began in 1970. It took 26 years to complete the entire structure. On Wednesday, the 21st of February, 1996, the Pran Prathistha was done by Swami Chidanandaji Maharaj in the morning. Dr. Karan Singh inaugurated the temple the same day. The creative architectural designs, liberal use of high cost raw material and aesthetic surroundings combine to form the pristine Birla temple, also known by the Hindu worshipers as the Lakshmi Narayan Temple.
Marbles slabs were used to adorn the surfaces of the temple. These slabs depict the teachings of Lord Krishna which were imparted to Arjuna during the Bhagavad-Gita epic. The temple has been built on a slightly higher ground and is beautifully decorated with lights thus making it a remarkable landmark of Kolkata. On Janmashtami, the birthday of Krishna, devotees come from far away places to pay their respect to the deities.
Inaugurated in 1963, Birla Planetarium was the first of it's kind in India. The Planetarium owns an astronomical observatory equipped with a Celestron C-14 Telescope. The central dome has a diameter of 27 meter. The building is modeled after the Buddhist Stupa at Sanchi. The central hall can accommodate 500 people which hosts daily shows in English, Hindi and Bengali.
Calcutta Birla planetarium is a single storied circular edifice designed in the typical Indian style. It is a must see place for those interested in astronomy. Its astronomy gallery maintains a huge collection of fine paintings and celestial models of renowned astronomers. It enables you to explore science outdoors.
The Botanical Gardens at Shibpur, on the bank of the River Hooghly, are famous for a 250-year-old banyan tree, nearly the largest of its kind in the world. The Gardens are over two centuries old ad home to over 35,000 fruit trees and flowering plants. The Gardens also have a rare collection of orchids, besides coveted books on botany.
Calcutta Handicrafts sell like real hot cakes in the market. These handicrafts of Kolkata India make use of simple and easily available raw materials like wood, clay, thread, sola or spongewood, bamboo, conch-shell and cane etc. However, ornaments made from copper, brass and silver can also be covered in the category of traditional folk arts of Kolkata. Common motifs include the lotus; the sun, the tree-of-life, flowery creepers, fish, elephant, peacock, swastika, temple, mosque etc.
Some of them are Bamboo craft, Cane craft, Conchshell craft, Daruchitra, Jute craft, Metal craft etc.
Calcutta Jain Temple (also called Parasnath Temple) a Jain temple at Badridas Temple Street is a major tourist attraction in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. The temple was built by a Marwari Shrimal Jain named Seth Badridas in 1867. Pratishtha was done by Sri Kalyansurishwarji Maharaj.
The complex is subdivided into 4 temples:
Shitalnath Ji Temple : Mulnayak : Shitalnath Bhagwan.
Chandraprabhu Ji temple : Mulnayak : Chandraprabhuswami Bhagwan.
Mahavir Swami Temple : Mulnayak : Sri Mahavir Swami.
Dadawadi : Footprints of Jain Acharya Jin Dutt Kushal Suri.
Calcutta is a land of talented people. People have a passion for art forms and this is reflected in the beautiful paintings of Kolkata India. There are many kinds of Calcutta paintings, namely Alpana paintings, Dewalchitra wall paintings, Gazir pat scroll paintings, Ghatachitra Paintings and Karandichitra panel paintings.
Calcutta Youth Choir was set up in 1958 by Ruma Guha Thakurta with Salil Chowdhury and Satyajit Ray. Calcutta Youth Choir is known for their performance of folk and mass songs. Several years ago, the choir broke out with the song 'Aaj joto juddhabaaj'. Shibdas Bandopadhyay wrote the words and V. Balsara composed the music. The songs performed by choir under the direction of Ruma Guha Thakurta widely includes song of Dwijendralal Ray, Rabindranath Tagore, Rajanikanta Sen, Nazrul Islam, Prem Dhawan, Sudhin Dasgupta, Salil Chowdhury and Sibdas Banerjee.
Calcutta Centre of International Modern Art was established in the year 1993 under the aegis of ABP Ltd, a leading Indian media group. Today, it is one of the most premier art galleries of India. Centre of International Modern Art maintains a comprehensive database and a systematic evaluation system.
It holds regular interdisciplinary interactive sessions and other useful seminars, which are usually presided over by eminent personalities of international repute. CIMA art gallery of Kolkata, India focuses on the Indian contemporary art, for which it is popular internationally. It has been playing the role of a catalyst in giving a boost to creative excellence. It has been working closely with other international museums and educational institutions in implementing various projects.
French presence in the Eastern parts of India is evident from Chandernagore located about 30 kms north of Calcutta, which was ruled by France between 1673 and 1952, who left their imprint of distinctive French architecture. It has an interesting history as India got freedom in 1947; this small town was still under the governance of French, being ruled from Pondichery.
On Eastern Metropolitan Bypass Road, Kolkata, is located children favorite hangout place - the Clown Town. Clown Town is a popular amusement park in the city of Kolkata and one of its kind. The amusement park is packed with all the stuff that makes the children cry with joy. The popular features of Clown Town are Bungee Run, roller skates, Jump Walls, bike rides and more. The amusement park has been exclusively made for the children.
Some crazy games like Bungee Run and wall jumping fills the ambience with a lot of noise and excitement. The kids are made to put on the elastic belts, that are tied to cushion walls, and told to run. A few forward steps and swhoosh, the belt tugs them back to the cushion wall. The motor racing is one of the most irresistible things to kids. These races, known as kid's Grand Prix, consists of a virtual environment wherein the kids feel the chill of the driving. Some other features of the park include the dance floor, skate board, aquatic games and Kiddies Kingdom. Kiddies Kingdom houses toys and the popular Disney characters. The white teddy bear, the Royal Bengal Tiger (dummies), the crouching alligator, train, Barbie doll, Kiddy Bear, Looney Tune characters, mini-slides, play-hut, trolley, mini basket-ball and a colorful dragon resides in the Kiddies Kingdom.
College Street is a street in north Calcutta. It stretches (approximately) from Bowbazar to Mahatma Gandhi road crossing. It houses many centres of intellectual activity in the city. Well-known academic institutions such as Presidency College, Sanskrit College, Scottish Church College, the Bethune College, the Medical College Kolkata , the Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, Vidyasagar College, Hare School, Hindu School, Scottish Church School, Bethune School, Holy Child School and the University of Calcutta are situated on this street. The Indian Coffee House, a cafe that has attracted the city's intelligentsia for decades, and numerous bookstores are also located here.
The College Street is most famous for its bookstores. Many bigwigs of the Bengali publication industry are situated here. The street is also dotted with countless very small book kiosks which sell old books. It is the largest second-hand book market in the world and largest book market in India and collectively boasts of a collection of almost any title ever sold at Kolkata.
Crafts Bazaar is one of the most popular fairs that is held in Calcutta in the month of January. Most of the Kolkata fairs including Calcutta crafts bazaar is held at the Calcutta Maidan. The basic aim of conducting Craft Bazar Of Kolkata India is to provide a parlance where small-scale industries and other poor craftsmen can get an opportunity to display their products.
Craftsmen and artisans come from different parts of the country to participate in this grand fair. There is a complete plethora of stalls and pavilions that exhibit a vast array of products ranging from handloom products, bed linens and clothing, crockery, handmade jewelry to other beautiful decorative items for household. The fair usually extends till two weeks
The Dakshineswar Kali Temple is a Hindu temple located in Dakshineswar near Kolkata. Situated on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, the presiding deity of the temple is Bhavatarini, an aspect of Kali, literally meaning, 'She who takes Her devotees across the ocean of existence'. The temple was built by Rani Rashmoni, a philanthropist and a devotee of Kali in 1855. The temple is famous for its association with Ramakrishna a mystic of 19th Century Bengal.
The temple compound, apart from the nine-spired main temple, contains a large courtyard surrounding the temple, with rooms along the boundary walls. There are twelve shrines dedicated to Shiva-Kali's companion along the riverfront, a temple to Radha-Krishna, a bathing ghat on the river, a shrine dedicated to Rani Rashmoni. The chamber in the northwestern corner just beyond the last of the Shiva temples, is where Ramakrishna spent a considerable part of his life.
Built in the traditional 'Nava-ratna' or nine spires style of Bengal architecture, the three-storeyed south-facing temple has nine spires distributed in upper two storeys, and stands on a high platform with a flight of stairs, over all it measures 46 feet (14 m) square and rises over 100 feet (30 m) high. The garbha griha (sanctum sanctorum) houses an idol of goddess Kali idol, known as Bhavataraini, standing on the chest of a lying Shiva, and the two idols are placed on a thousand-petaled lotus made of silver. Close to the main temple are the row of twelve identical Shiva temples built facing the east in the typical 'Aat Chala' Bengal architecture, they are built on either side of the ghat on the Hoogly river. To the North east of the Temple Complex is the Vishnu Temple or the Radha Kanta's Temple. A flight of steps lead to the columned verandah and into the temple where a silver throne rests with a 21 and half inches idol of Lord Krishna and 16 inches (410 mm) idol of Radha.
Diamond Harbor is located in the delta region of Kolkata. It is actually situated at the juncture where the Ganga turns south before it reaches the sea. In the olden days, this place was known by the name of Hajipur, which was later transformed into Diamond Harbor by the British. The diamond harbor is gives a feel of serene calm atmosphere amidst the wilderness far away from the city`s crowd. It is 50 kilometers away from Kolkata, and has become a choice for the city people and outsiders who can also get back from it within a day even. The link ups with the pirates become a bit more real when we see the remains of the fort of Chingrikhali.
The diamond Harbour serves as a kind of link with many of the places like Kakdwip, Gangasagar and Bakkhali. These places are also imoortant tourist destinations along with the scenic beauty of Diamond Harbour.. The Harbour provides excellent opprtunities for river cruises, which is the special attraction that everyone looks ahead for. The Sharisha Ramakrishna Mission Ashram is another place that pulls the crowd as a pilgrimage and a visiting place. Diamond harbour is a reson which attracts people to its nearby places like Gangasagar, a pilgrimage center which is linked with hinduism, and a fair is held here which marks the entry of numerous pilgrims. Joynagar is another place where we find the stone images of Buddha Lord Mahavira and Lord Vishnu, along with the manuscripts.
Situated on the southern tip of West Bengal, Digha is among the top tourism destinations around Calcutta. The sea is placid here, and the shallow waters make it a safe haven for swimmers. If you're in Digha, drop in at the old Shiva temple at Chandaneshwar, 9 km from here, as well as the Kapala Kundala Temple near Contai.
Digha beach is on the top. It is a splendid beach resort consisting of a 6 km long beach. Shankarpur is the twin beach of Digha, Calcutta that is about 10 kms away. Digha, India is very well connected with Kolkata by road. Infact, its about five hours drive from there. Digha beach is worth visiting, as its shallow water will help in rejuvenating you. The whole atmosphere over there is very soothing and serene.
Calcutta Dol Purnima festival is celebrated to give a warm welcome to the spring season. Basically, Dol Purnima is like Holi festival, in which people smear each other with different colors and also spray colored water on the people passing by. It is on this festivity that people get together and share joyous moments.
The best part about Dol Purnima festival of Kolkata India is that, on this day, people break all social barriers of caste, creed and religion. Poor touch rich and lower caste meets and greets upper caste.
Dover Lane music festival or The Dover Lane Music Conference is an annual Hindustani classical music festival in the months of December and January in Dover Lane,an important street in Ballygunge area of Kolkata. The festival had a humble beginning in 1952. Music lovers from the by lanes of Kolkata gathered to cherish mainly Indian classical music.Throughout the years, the festival has undergone many changes.Stallwarts of Indian classical music have performed in the festival. The festival lasts for 6 days and is observed every year. Besides the performance of the maestros, the youngsters are encouraged to participate to showcase their talent. The Dover Lane Music Festival has become culturally one of the most important event of the year with the presence of a number of eminent music maestros from all over the country.
Durga puja, also referred to as Durgotsava is an annual Hindu festival in South Asia that celebrates worship of the Hindu goddess Durga. Puja celebrations are set according to the traditional Hindu calendar and the fortnight corresponding to the festival is called Devi Paksha. Durga Puja is widely celebrated in the Indian states of West Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand, Odisha and Tripura where it is a five-day annual holiday.In West Bengal and Tripura which has majority of Bengali Hindus it is the Biggest festival of the year. Not only is it the biggest Hindu festival celebrated throughout the State, but it is also the most significant socio-cultural event in Bengali society.
At this occasion in Kolkata alone more than two thousand pandals are set up, all clamoring for the admiration and praise of the populace. The city is adorned with lights. People from all over the country visit the city at this time, and every night is one mad carnival where thousands of people go 'pandal-hopping' with their friends and family. Durga Puja in Kolkata is often referred to as the Rio Carnival of the Eastern Hemisphere.
Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India. It is the home of the Bengal cricket team and the Indian Premier League's Kolkata Knight Riders, as well as being a Test and One Day International ground. It is the largest cricket stadium in India considering seating capacity. Established in 1864, Eden Gardens is expected to hold 82,000 people following renovations that are expected to be completed before the start of the 2011 World Cup.
Fort William is a fort built in Calcutta on the Eastern banks of the River Hooghly, the major distributary of the River Ganges, during the early years of the Bengal Presidency of British India. It was named after King William III of England. In front of the Fort is the Maidan, which used to be a part of the Fort and is the largest urban park in Calcutta.
The Fort is built of brick and mortar in the shape of an irregular octagon with an area 5 km. Five of its sides face landward, and three towards the Hooghly River. The design is that of a star fort, suited to defence against cannon, but from before the advent of explosive shells. It is surrounded by a dry moat 9 m deep and 15 m broad, which can be flooded but is designed as an area in which to use enfilade (or "flanking") fire against any attackers reaching the walls. There are six gates: Chowringhee, Plassey Calcutta, Water Gate St Georges and the Treasury Gate.
Just three hours away from Calcutta is this beach, a popular haunt of migratory birds. Frazerganj ranks among those beaches of Bengal that have managed to retain their virginal nature, and is easily accessible via a motorable road from Calcutta. Don't be stumped if nobody seems to know this beach - it's better known in local parlance as Bakkhali.
This festival is celebrated at Sagar which is about 105km south of Kolkata where the Ganga and the Bay of Bengal form a nexus. Hence the name Gangasagar Mela. Vast number of Sadhus and pilgrims congregate here from all over the country to visit the Kapil Muni Temple and to take a holy dip in the sea particularly on the Makara Sankranti day when the sun makes a transition to Capricorn from Sagittarius and this town becomes home to vast fairs, drawing visitors and recluses from all over the state. It is one of the largest annual assemblage of devotees in India.
Gurusaday Museum, on Diamond Harbour Road, is the outcome of a lifetime of collection of traditional Bengal folk arts in undivided Bengal by Sir Gurusaday Dutt. On his death in 1941, the collection was handed over to the Bratachari Society founded by Sir Gurusaday Dutt to preserve and protect Bengal folk arts. It was opened as a museum to the public with the help of the Government of India in 1963. It contains, among other fine handicrafts, terracotta panels, kantha or folk quilt work, and patas ( or hand painted scrolls of the late 1900s), notably of the Kalighat school.
The museum boasts of a collection of over 5000 unique and innovative exhibits of arts and crafts of Bengal.
Handloom Expo is hosted every alternate year in the Kolkata Maidan. It was initiated long back in the year 1982. Calcutta handloom expo is a 21 days long event that gives a fabulous opportunity to the people of Calcutta as well as the tourists to shop anything from bed sheets to clothes at the most reasonable prices. Handloom expo of Kolkata India has been attracting more and more people every year. It is sponsored by the State Govt with the support of Central govt.
The fair has been continuously getting a very good response from public and participants. The fair consists of nearly 130 participants, who get a superb chance to showcase their exquisite handloom products. The participants can be grouped under three broad categories, namely, state level upper society, primary society and national level organization. The fair provides a golden opportunity to Calcuttans to get well versed with a vast range of handloom products.
The Hooghly River or the Bhagirathi-Hooghly, is an approximately 260 kilometres (160 mi) long distributary of the Ganges River in West Bengal, India. It splits from the Ganges as a canal in Murshidabad District at the Farakka Barrage. The town of Hugli-Chinsura, formerly Hooghly, is located on the river, in the Hooghly (district). The origins of the Hooghly name are uncertain, whether the city or the river was named first. The river's average depth is 200 feet (61 m) and maximum depth is 381 feet (116 m).
The Howrah Bridge is a bridge that spans the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. It was originally named the New Howrah Bridge because it links the city of Howrah to its twin city, Kolkata (Calcutta). On 14 June 1965 it was renamed Rabindra Setu, after Rabindranath Tagore a great poet and the first Indian Nobel laureate. However it is still popularly known as the Howrah Bridge.
The bridge is one of the four on the Hooghly River and is a famous symbol of Kolkata and West Bengal. The other bridges are the Vidyasagar Setu (popularly called the Second Hooghly Bridge), the Vivekananda Setu and the newly built engineering marvel Nivedita Setu. Apart from bearing the stormy weather of the Bay of Bengal region, it successfully bears the weight of a daily traffic of approximately 80,000 vehicles and, possibly, more than 1,000,000 pedestrians. It is the sixth longest bridge of its type in the world. It is made of steel and the tower height is 82 m (269 feet).
The Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (also known as IIM Calcutta or IIM-C) is a business school located in Kolkata, India. It was the first Indian Institute of Management to be set up. Established in 1961, IIM Calcutta is a fully autonomous institution and offers several Post Graduate and Doctoral programmes, as well as a bouquet of Executive training programmes. In addition to its main academic programmes, IIM-C is also engaged in Research, Consultancy, seminars, academic conferences and research publications.
IIM-C is especially renowned for its finance-related courses, and is widely considered to be the best B-school in India and one of the best in the world for finance.
The Indian Museum is the largest museum in India and has rare collections of antiques, armour and ornaments, fossils, skeletons, mummies, and Mughal paintings. It was founded by Dr Nathaniel Wallich a Danish botanist at Serampore (originally called Frederischnagore) near Kolkata (Calcutta), India, in 1814.
It has six sections comprising of thirty five galleries of cultural and scientific artifacts namely Art, Archaeology, Anthropology, Geology, Zoology and Economic Botany. This multipurpose Institution with multidisciplinary activities is being included as an Institute of national importance in the seventh schedule of the Constitution of India. It is one of oldest museums in the world. This is an autonomous organization under Ministry of Culture, Government of India.
This was the first museum of its kind in Asia. The Indian museum rose from the Asiatic Society of Bengal which was created by Sir William Jones in 1784. It currently (2011) occupies a resplendent mansion, and exhibits among others: an Egyptian mummy, the Buddhist stupa from Bharhut, the Buddha's ashes, the Ashoka pillar, whose three-lion symbol became the official emblem of the Republic of India, fossil skeletons of prehistoric animals like dinosaurs, an art collection, rare antiques, and a collection of meteorites.
Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Maa Kali situated at Kalighat. It is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. Kalighat was a Ghat (landing stage) sacred to Kali on the old course of the Hooghly river (Bhagirathi) in the city of Calcutta. The name Calcutta is said to have been derived from the word Kalighat. The river over a period of time has moved away from the temple. The temple is now on the banks of a small canal called Adi Ganga which connects to the Hoogly. The Adi Ganga was the original course of the river Hoogly (Ganga). Hence the name Adi (original) Ganga.
The temple is visited by pilgrims from all over India irrespective of sectarian differences. The thousands of pilgrims who flock daily to the Kalighat temple treat Kali very much like a human mother, bringing her their domestic problems and prayers for prosperity, and returning when their prayers are fulfilled to express their gratitude. Their attitude towards the Goddess is guided by their religious traditions and training, their spiritual and intellectual capacities, and the guidance of their temple priests.
The temple has Natmondir, Jor-bangla, Sosthi Tala, Harkath Tala, Radha-Krishna Temple, Kalika Temple, Kundupukur, Nakhuleshwar Mahadev Temple etc inside its premises.
Kalighat is also known for its painting. Kalighat painting, or pata (originally pronounced 'pot' in Bengali) is a style of Indian painting derives its name from the place. It is characterised by generously curving figures of both men and women and an earthy satirical style. It developed during the nineteenth century.
The Kolkata Book Fair(Calcutta Book Fair) and officially Kolkata Boimela or Kolkata Pustakmela in romanized Bengali, is a winter fair in Kolkata. It is a unique book fair in the sense of not being a trade fair - the book fair is primarily for the general public rather than whole-sale distributors. It is the world's largest non-trade book fair, Asia's largest book fair and the most attended book fair in the world. It is the world's third largest annual conglomeration of books after the Frankfurt Book Fair and the London Book Fair.
Many Kolkatans consider the book fair an inherent part of Kolkata, and instances of people visiting the fair every day during its duration is not uncommon. The fair also has a typical fairground experience with a book flavour - with the presence of picnickers, singer-songwriters, and candy floss vendors on the fair premises. With a total footfall of over 2 million people, it is world's largest book fair by attendance.
The fair traditionally starts on the last Wednesday of January, and ends on the first or second Sunday of February (to ensure that the duration is always 12 days. Even though there is usually an extended holiday in Calcutta during the period of January 23 (Netaji's birthday) to January 26 ( Republic Day of India) the fair is held at the beginning of February to overlap with the payday of most Kolkatans.
Kolkata Film Festival(KFF) is 2nd oldest international film festival in India ,held in Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal. The festival is organized by West Bengal Film Centre under the West Bengal Government. The 15th Kolkata Film Festival has been celebrated from 10 to 17 November 2009. Commemorating the glorious heritage of the Film Society movement, the Government of West Bengal created Nandan, the West Bengal Film Centre in 1985. Inaugurated by Satyajit Ray, the centre started functioning from the year of its genesis .It has made astound countless film lovers of all over the world because of its marvelous hanging architecture. Now, the Kolkata Film Festival is in its 15th year and shares a permanent place in the international film festival calendar, showcasing films from all over the world.
Kolkata Race Course in Kolkata , India is one of the largest horse race venues in India. The race course was built in the year 1820 and was maintained by the Royal Calcutta Turf Club. The races are held from the month of July to September, and again from November to March. The races are usually held on Saturdays, and also on other public holidays.
Lexpo Fair was conducted for the first time in the year 1977. It was launched by the Indian Leather Technology Association. It is a platform that allows not just the big players but also the small-scale leather industries to exhibit their products and technology. Calcutta leather Lexpo fair usually takes place during the period between December-January at the maidan of Kolkata. Read on to know more about Lexpo fair of Kolkata India.
The participants of this stupendous fair include several leather production houses and leather technology schools from different parts of the country. The main aim of this fair is to give a fair chance to the small-scale industries to come forward and display their specialties. Also, it helps to create awareness among masses about the utility of leather.
The Maidan (literally open field) is the largest urban park in Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a vast stretch of field and home to numerous play grounds, including the famous cricketing venue Eden Gardens, several football stadia, and Kolkata Race Course. Maidan is dotted with several statues and pieces of architecture, most notable being the Victoria Memorial. It is home to the oldest golf club outside Great Britain - the Royal Calcutta Golf Club. Due to the freshness and greenery it provides to the metropolis, it has been referred to as the "lungs of Kolkata". Maidan is a property of the Indian Army, and hosts the Fort William, the Eastern zone high command of the Indian Army.
Marble Palace is a palatial nineteenth-century mansion in North Kolkata. It is one of the best-preserved and most elegant houses of nineteenth-century Calcutta. The mansion is famous for its marble walls and floors, from which its name derives. The house was built in 1835 by Raja Rajendra Mullick, a wealthy Bengali merchant with a passion for collecting works of art. The house continues to be a residence for his descendants, and the current occupants are the family of Raja Rajendra Mullick Bahadur. The house is basically Neoclassical in style, while the plan with its open courtyards is largely traditional Bengali. Adjacent to the court-yard, there is a thakur-dalan, or place of worship for members of the family. The three-storey building has tall fluted Corinthian pillars and ornamented verandas with fretwork and sloping roofs, built in the style of a Chinese pavilion. The premises also include a garden with lawns, a rock garden, a lake and a small zoo.
The house contains large quantities of Western sculpture and Victorian furniture, paintings by European and Indian artists, and other objets d'art. Decorative objects include large chandeliers, clocks, floor to ceiling mirrors, urns, and busts of kings and queens. The house is said to contain two paintings by Rubens.
Because Marble Palace remains a private residence, photography is prohibited. Entry is free, but a permit must be obtained 24 hours in advance from the West Bengal Tourism Information Bureau at BBD Bag, Kolkata. Inside the house, there are guides who give visitors a tour of the house, although the parts of the house which are still inhabited remain off-limits. Marble Palace is open from 10am to 4pm on all days except Mondays and Thursdays.
Located next to the palace is the Marble Palace Zoo, the first zoo opened in India, also by Raja Rajendra Mullick. It now primarily serves as an aviary, including peacocks, hornbills, pelicans, storks, and cranes. The menagerie also contains monkeys and several species of deer.
A relatively new park in Kolkata, Millennium Park is situated along the strand on eastern shore of Hooghly River for a stretch of 2.5 km near Babughat and opposite to Koilaghat. The park consists of landscaped gardens and children's amusement rides. It was opened along the riverside to provide a green area for Kolkata's polluted waterway. It is a millennium gift from Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA/CMDA) inaugurated on 26 December 1999. the park is open from 1pm-7pm.
Calcutta Nabobarsho festival is celebrated to mark the beginning of Bengali New Year and the arrival of summer time. It takes place during the mid of April. Nabobarsho festival of Kolkata India has a lot of significance for all. It is on this day that businessmen take their accounts books and the statues of Ganesh and Lakshmi along and visit the Kali temple for seeking the divine blessings. On the Naboborsho, the markets are beautifully decorated with garlands, auspicious mango leaves; sola pith ornaments etc. On the eve of Bengali New Year, Charak puja is conducted.
The Nakhoda Mosque with its magnificence and architectural brilliance is an important place of worship for the Muslims. Abdar Rahim Osman, a resident of Cutch, founded the mosque in 1926. A board of trustees governs the mosque. The whole mosque was constructed of red sand stone following the tradition of Akbar`s Tomb in Sikandra Agra. The mosque is dome shaped and has two minarets each about 151ft. high and twenty-five tiny pillars all around, which are 100ft. to 117ft. tall. It has a huge prayer hall that has the capacity to hold up to 10,000 men performing the `Namaaz` at one time. A prayer hall forms an integral part and is contained in each of the floor of the mosque. Since the Mosque has traces of Moghul architecture, the gateway of the Mosque, is a duplication of the famous Buland Darwaza, which is located at Fatehpur Sikri. It is extravagant in its artistic portrayal and the style resembles the Indo-Saracenic school of architecture.
Muslim festivals instill life into the Mosque during the festive seasons of Id and Ramzan. The mosque is then beautifully decorated with neon lights and flowers, this also provides for an occasion for Muslims all over Kolkata to unite and offer prayers in harmony. Therefore the Nakhoda Mosque is an important mosque, which has been a part of the religious life of the Muslims for many years.
Nandan is a government sponsored centre in Calcutta, India for facilitating film awareness and includes a few comparatively large screens housed in an impressively architectured building. It shares its site with the Rabindra Sadan cultural centre.The complex, besides being a modern cinema and cultural complex, is a popular hang-out for the young and the aged. Nandan was inaugurated by Satyajit Ray in 1985. He designed the logo for the complex as well. Nandan is the symbol of art and culture in the city which is termed as the Cultural Capital of India.
Nandikar's National Theatre Festival was started in 1984. It is arranged annually in Kolkata, India, between 16 and 25 December. Initiated and organized, as the name suggest, by the theatre group Nandikar. The festival is held at the Academy of Fine Arts, Calcutta. The stated twin objective for the festival is to facilitate cultural integration in India and providing a forum for exchange of notes among theatre workers from different parts of the country. However, the festival was initially a part of Nandikar's silver jubilee, but due to the good reception the group decided to turn it into an annual event.
The festival display productions by leading and avant-garde theatre troupes from all over India and, occasionally, from countries like USA, Sweden, Switzerland, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh. Exhibitions and workshops are also arranged in connection with the festival.
The National Library of India at Belvedere, Calcutta is the largest library in India and India's library of public record. It is under the Department of Culture, Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Government of India. The library is designated to collect, disseminate and preserve the printed material produced in India. The library is situated on the scenic 30 acre Belvedere Estate, in Kolkata, formerly Calcutta City. The Library is the largest in India, with a collection in excess of 2.2 million books. Before independence, it was the official residence of Lt. Governor of Bengal.
Jawahar Shishu Bhavan is named after Jawaharlal Nehru, whose love for children was well known. The museum has a collection of dolls and toys from across the globe, and has a doll - based retelling of the Indian epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. Established in 1972 close to the Victoria Memorial, and commonly referred to as "Nehru Children's Museum", this museum is aging awkwardly fast.
The fabulous collections of Nehru Children museum of Kolkata, India include puppets depicting the great Indian epics and gorgeous dolls dressed up in national costumes of different countries of the world. Nehru Children museum also consists of an elementary science gallery. Special highlights of this museum are the small working models of railway crossings. There is a wonderful library for children that contains books on varied subjects.
Netaji Bhawan or Netaji Bhavan (Netaji's Residence) is a memorial hall of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in Kolkata, owned and managed by Netaji Research Bureau. It includes museum, archives and library. This is the ancestral house of Subhas Chandra Bose, and he had lived and put under house arrest at this house till his escape to Berlin in 1941. After that, he moved to Japan-occupied Southeast Asia by submarine, organized Indian National Army, and fought against British Raj with Japanese Army. Those relics of his footprints are also exhibited at this museum.
New Market is a market in Kolkata. New Market, is situated on Lindsay Street. Technically, it referred to an enclosed market but today in local parlance the entire Lindsay Street shopping area is often known as New Market. New Market was thrown open with fanfare to the English populace on January 1, 1874. New Market was formally christened Sir Stuart Hogg Market on December 2, 1903. Sir Stuart then Calcutta Corporation's chairman, had tenaciously supported the plans for building New Market. To this day, a painting of Sir Stuart Hogg adorns Calcutta Corporation's portrait gallery.This name was later shortened to Hogg Market. Bengali society, in the British Raj era, called it Hogg Saheber Bajaar, a name which is sometimes still used alongside the name New Market.
Nicco Park is an amusement park in Salt Lake City, Kolkata. This park has a variety of fascinating and interesting rides including Asia's largest wooden roller coaster. Other notable rides include Kolkata's longest cable car ride and India's first "4D" movie experience. There is also a water park which has seven slides and Eastern India's largest wave pool. Nicco Park is a wonderful place for picnics or freaking out with kith and kin. It is a feast for the eyes of the nature lovers. There is an exquisite Rose Garden and a large Food Park which sells mouth-watering North Indian, Bengali, South Indian and Chinese fast food. The nature lover would simply love to recline on the bed of soft green grass and watch the clear and mackerel sky above. There are several kiosks in the park run by reputed restaurants of Kolkata which cater to all tastes with its multitude of palatable cuisines.
There are a wide variety of rides to choose from, with the Toy Train, Cable Car, Tilt-a-Whirl, Water Chute, Water Coaster, Flying Saucer, Pirate Ship and Moonraker being the popular ones. The Cave Ride is the latest addition and is the only of its kind in this part of the world. Nearby Attraction Adjacent to the park is the Nalban Boating Complex offering a close-to-nature experience with its greenery, flowers and the cool breezes blowing across the wetlands. Opposite the Salt Lake stadium is the Subhash Sarovar (lake), which is not very well maintained but has the potential to become a nice tourist spot.
It is the headquarters of the Missionaries of Charity situated at 54A A. J.C.Bose Road. It was Mother Teresa's first home for serving destitute and dying people. Now this organization has spread world wide. This organization is taking care of the people abandoned by society.
Nivedita Setu (also Second Vivekananda Setu) is a newly constructed cable-stayed bridge over Hooghly River which connects Howrah with Kolkata. It is situated by the side of the old Vivekananda Setu. The bridge has been named after Sister Nivedita, a legendary social worker and a disciple of Swami Vivekananda. It acts as a vital link between National Highway(NH)2 and NH6 on the Howrah side and NH34 and NH35 on the Kolkata side. The bridge was constructed by Larsen and Toubro in a record time.
The multifarious yet united outlook of the city of Kolkata is evident from the variety of places of worship which have coexisted since centuries. The Parashnath Jain Temple located at the northeast of the city of Kolkata is one such example. The temple has been standing proudly since its construction in 1867 by Ray Badridas Bahadur, an art connoisseur.
The temple adorned by beautiful mirrors arrangements and colored stones fixed on the walls. The Parashnath Jain temple also plays host to a small museum which holds few memorabilia of Jainism and literature regarding the religion. The temple surroundings have been decorated using stained glass, marble floor and exquisite European style statues in the adjoining garden.
Calcutta Poila Baisakh Festival is basically a harvest festivity that marks the beginning of the crop cycle in Bengal. It takes place in the first month of the Bengali calendar, Baisakh (April). Poila Baisakh is celebrated with magnificent grandeur. The first day of the month of Baisakh is known as Poila Baisakh and is celebrated as the Bengali New Year. It is on this day that wherever you go, you are offered yummy sweets.
Poila Baisakh festival of Kolkata, India witnesses the inauguration of the new books of accounts by the traders. This month is considered auspicious for the purpose of marriage and starting a new venture. The month of baisakh marks the beginning of agricultural activities. Bengalis are of the belief that children born in this month are likely to possess the qualities of a genius. The perfect example is that of Rabindranath Tagore who was born on the 25th in the month of baisakh. People dress up in their best apparels and share joyous moments with friends and family. Houses are not only cleaned thoroughly, but also beautifully decorated. Women make awesome rangolis at the entrance of house. On this festivity, cultural programs are held. People greet each other and exchange sweets. Prayers are conducted to seek the divine blessings.
The Port of Kolkata is a riverine port in the city of Kolkata, India. It is the oldest operating port in India, having originally been constructed by the British East India Company. The Port has two distinct dock systems - Kolkata Docks at Kolkata and a deep water dock at Haldia Dock Complex, Haldia. In the 21st century due to the east Indian economic recovery and infrastructure improvements, the port grew swiftly to become the nation's third largest container port.
The Cathedral was founded in 1797. The building cost for the Portuguese Cathedral was borne by two Portuguese noble- men. The entrance leading to the portico is paved with gravestones. Behind the altar, there are the figures of Madonna and Child. The remains of the first Archbishop of Calcutta lie below the altar.
Poush Mela is a three day long event that is held every year to mark the commemoration of Rabindranath Tagore's Shantiniketan. Calcutta Poush mela usually takes place during late December. It is during this fair that prayers are offered. The celebration of Poush mela of Kolkata India is not just limited to the religious aspect, but also extends to the display of folk performances and conduct of cultural fests and craft bazaars. In fact, it can be said that this three day long festival cum fair gives an absolutely fantastic opportunity to the tourists to explore the culture of Shantiniketan. It has been able to attract more and more number of tourists every year. The last day of fair is dedicated to all those who were associated with Shantiniketan.
Rabindra Sadan is a cultural centre and theatre in Calcutta, located near the Nandan and the Academy of Fine Arts. Construction began on 5 August 1961 and ended October 1967. It is noted for its large stage which is a prime venue for Bangla theatre. The Rabindra Sadan complex now houses the Rabindra Sadan stage, Nandan, Bangla Academy, Gaganendra Prodorshonshala among other centers of cultural activities.
Rabindra Sarobar(previously known as Dhakuria Lake) is an artificial lake in south Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is popularly referred to as the "Lungs of Calcutta". The name also refers to the area surrounding the lake. Today the lake and its surrounding areas are one of the most popular recreational areas in Kolkata. 73 acres (300,000 m2) are covered by water, while shrubs and trees, some of which are more than 100 years old, occupy the rest of the area. In the winter, one can spot some migratory birds around the lake.
Birla Academy of Art and Culture came into existence in the year 1966 which is situated at Rabindra Sarobar, Kolkata
The Museum concentrates on the Bengal renaissance of the nineteenth century. It is situated near Girish Park on Chittaranjan Avenue, within the walls of Rabindranath Tagore's house. The museum now fosters cultural activities and conducts painting exhibitions by the artists of the Bengal School. The university was once the main center of Calcutta's intellectual activity. It is open from 10.00 am to 5.00 pm on weekdays and till 1.30 pm on Saturdays,
Raj Bhavan("Government House") is the Governor's house in Kolkata, West Bengal. Built in 1803 and once the residence of the Viceroy of India, and called Government House, the palatial building is now the residence of the Governor of West Bengal. The structure was built in 1799-1803 to the designs of Captain Charles Wyatt of the Bengal Engineers, during the tenure of Marquess Wellesley as the Governor-General of India.
The residential portion is divided into four suites. The Prince of Wales Suite in the north-west wing of the first floor is where the President, Vice-President and the Prime Minister of India reside when visiting the state of West Bengal. There is a gun mounted on a dragon towards the north gate. Around the main gun there are ten guns that were taken from the Chinese, in commemoration of the peace initiated by the Treaty of Nanking by the Naval and Military forces of England and India under the command of Vice-Admiral Sir William Parker and of Lieutenant-General Sir Hugh Gough.
Calcutta Rath Yatra Festival is the first festivity of the Monsoon season and usually falls in late June or early July. Rathyatra festival of Kolkata, India is dedicated to Jagannath, an avatar of Vishnu. It is on this day that processions are conducted by the ISKON. Kalighat acts as a platform where the idols of Jagannath's chariot sell like real hot cakes on this day.
Children adorn their chariots with flowers. In the chariots, they keep the clay images of Jagannath, his brother Balaram and sister Subhadra. Rathayatra is celebrated to mark the beginning of harvest season. It is owing to this fact that it is considered a very auspicious time. This festivity is of prime importance in villages and towns.
Sabarna Sangrahashala is a unique museum of the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family. It has been developed by The Sabarna Roy Choudhury Paribar Parishad. It was established in 2005 to cater the need of students and research scholars and also to create an awareness about the preservation of historiacal source materials. The Museum exhibits rare articles and documents of history. The Institution caters to the needs of researchers doing studies on Kolkata and the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family. The Institution also provides a reading room. Hundreds of students and visitors throng the premise of the family museum to quench their thirst for more knowledge on Kolkata. This unique family museum possess some of the most rarest documents and articles which includes Kabilatipatras dating 18th and 19th centuries, the most important being the One which has signature of legendary Kavi Ramprasad Sen dated 1794.
The Sangrahashala in joint venture with Manna Publications, is engaged in publications. Sabarna Barta is the annual Tabloid published every year during the Durga Pujo which contains yearly round up and highlights on new research works undertaken by the Parishad.
Saraswati Puja is one big occasion in Kolkata that takes place during the period between late January and early February. In fact, the day when puja of Ma Saraswati is done is declared as a state holiday. Calcutta Saraswati puja festival is celebrated with great pomp and show. It is on this day that the youngest female of the family is asked to dress up in yellow clothing. Sarswati puja of Kolkata India is dedicated to the goddess of learning.
Saraswati puja is conducted in almost every locality of Calcutta. People of the locality get together and assemble at the pandal to celebrate the festivity. Kids are really enthusiastic about the puja. It is during this puja that children pray to the goddess for their academic success. It is usually the pundit who performs the puja. After the puja is over, prasad is distributed to all.
Science City, Kolkata is a unit under National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), Ministry of Culture, Government of India. It houses Dynamotion Hall, Fresh Water Aquarium, Live Butterfly Enclave, Earth Exploration Hall, Evolution Park, Space Odyssey, 3-D Vision Theater, Time Machine, Maritime Centre, Science Park etc.
If you ever visit Kolkata and skip the Science City then your family, especially children are bound to hold a grudge against you for life. This amazing place has been so well conceptualized and created that it takes at least 6-8 hours to be completely satiated by what it offers. On offer are 3-D movies, Fish eye projected I-MAX movies, train rides, Space station tour, Creepy crawler section, excellent garden for kids as well as a Naval Ship structured museum.
Shaheed Minar, literally 'tower for the martyrs' in words common to Hindi, Urdu and Bengali, is the name of the tower that dominates the skyline of the Maidan in Kolkata. The Calcutta Shaheed Minar, formerly known as the Ochterlony Monument, was erected to commemorate Major-general David Ochterlony, commander of the British East India Company's main force in the Gurkha War of 1816.It is an important landmark popularly known just as the "Monument".
On the northern fringe of the vast park known as the Maidan, adjoining the Esplanade, it is the centre of political life in Calcutta. Rallies, demonstrations and agitations of all sorts - of which Calcutta has more than its fair share - traditionally start here. There is also a fair on Sunday with participants that bus in from villages in the countryside hours away.
It's considered a twin beach of Digha, but is refreshingly devoid of the bustle of its more popular sibling. Rimmed with casuarinas plantations, Shankarpur is among the newer discoveries in the beach circuit of West Bengal. You can also catch some harbor activity here.
When it comes to excursions in Calcutta, the mention of Shantiniketan is like a must. Shantiniketan in Calcutta, is mainly known for Vishva-Bharati University that provides a platform for the convergence of western and eastern culture. Its foundation was laid by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. The best part about this international university is that it exhibits the Indian tradition in the most modest manner, while simultaneously incorporating the best of other cultures.
The best time to visit this soothing place is between November to March. Set up in the midst of green lushy fields and forested land, it makes an excellent landscape. Initially, Shantiniketan of Kolkata, India was an ashram that was started by Maharishi Devendranath Tagore in 1863. Later in 1901, Shantiniketan underwent a modification when Rabindranath Tagore conducted experimental open-air classes to promote education. His effort didn't go wasted and he gradually kept widening the scope. An interesting feature of Shantiniketan consists of the awesome sculptures, mural paintings and frescoes of Rabindranath, Nandlal Bose, Ramkinkar, Bindobehari Mukhopadhyaya and others.
Kolkata and Durga Puja are inseparable. The joy, excitement and enthusiasm oozes out of Kolkata during the festival which was initiated by a mass organized Puja in Shobhabajar Rajbari in honor of Governor Lord Clive in 1757. The puja was meant to be a celebration marking the victory of British in the Battle of Plassey.
Siraj-ud-daulah was defeated, however he managed to destroy the only church in Calcutta. The people of the city decided to dedicate the Puja to all British friends of the East India Company. Initially the puja was conducted by some of the wealthy merchants and Landlords of Calcutta, however with time the Durga Puja has become a festival of the commoners.
Famous Shopping Centers in Kolkata are A C market, Ballygunge AC Market, City Centre, Dakshinapon, Fancy Market, Gariahat, Sreeram Arcade, Khadi Gramadyog Bhavan etc.
Sonar Sansar is truly a unique exhibition cum fair that gives a fabulous opportunity to the leading jewelry houses and designers to display their splendid golden ornaments. Calcutta Sonar sansar was initiated in the year 1997. It is solely organized by Swarna Bachao Committee under the sponsorship of the World Gold Council. The Exponent Associates (P) Ltd supports this mega event. Sonar Sansar of Kolkata India is a delight for those who wish to glance the rare and mind-blowing jewelry of the best Indian artisans. The fair is usually held during the period between March-April. In this fair, a carat-weighing machine is also installed, so that if the customer wants to ensure the exact carat weight they can.
South City is the name given to a 31.14-acre (126,000 m2) mini-township in Kolkata, India. The mini township features a Residential Complex, which indludes a number of recreational facilities, School, Shopping Mall and a Social Club. "South City" has become quite a landmark in Kolkata. The Shopping Mall, as of 2009, is the Shopping Mall is the largest in Eastern India. It consists of shops of brands like Marks and Spencers,Body Shop etc.Thus, many people term it as an expensive mall. The South City Club is supposed to have the largest swimming pool in Kolkata.The club membership has been extended to the flat/apartment owners of South City.
South Park Street Cemetery is situated at the Park Street. It was constructed in 1767 to accommodate the large number of the British people who died for their country. There are many heavily inscribed head stones, pyramids, urns and obelisks. The tombs of Col Kyd , Sir Thomas D'Oyly, the British Member of Parliament in early 18th century and Sir Willam Jones, the founder of Botanical Garden and the great oriental scholar can be seen here.
St. Paul's Cathedral is a Anglican cathedral of the Church of North India - a united church which is part of the Anglican Communion - in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It is the seat of the Diocese of Calcutta. The building itself stands on the "island of attractions" in Kolkata - beside the Victoria Memorial, Nandan - Rabindra Sadan theatre complex, and the Birla Planetarium. The building was initiated by Bishop Daniel Wilson in 1839 and was completed in 1847, in Gothic Revival style with stained glass windows and two frescoes in Florentine Renaissance style. A military engineer, Major William Nairn Forbes, designed the cathedral with the assistance of C.K. Robinson, modelling the tower and spire upon the Norwich Cathedral. The tower was rebuilt along the lines of Bell Harry Tower in Canterbury Cathedral following the 1934 Calcutta earthquake. The Bishop's House across the street is also architecturally notable. St. Paul's was consecrated in 1874.
The cathedral conforms to the Neo-Gothic or the Gothic Revival style of architecture that was greatly patronized by the British during the days of the colonial era. The main cathedral hall is large, with beautifully carved wooden pews and chairs along with the stained glass window to the west, the intricate coloured artwork covering the eastern walls, the two marvellous Florentine frescoes. The church is 247 ft. in length and 81 ft. in width and the tower is 201 ft. high. The Cathedral is set within huge grounds with several ancient trees. There is a small meditation spot on the grounds, set up recently in collaboration with distinguished citizens of Tagore's Shantiniketan. The interior of the church is a feast for the eyes, with excellent floral designs on the walls. Beautiful architecture and exquisite mural painting captivates the beholder. The life and work of St. Paul is vividly described in pictures. Bishop Wilson lies in his eternal slumber in a coffin inside an underground chamber. The commission plate conferred on him by Queen Victoria is still exhibited here. The ambience of the church is very soothing and tranquil.
Named after its large number of Sundari trees, the Sunderbans is a World Heritage Site that's a must-see for the wildlife-loving traveller in Kolkata. Crocodiles, cheetahs, wild boar, Rhesus monkeys, cormorants, curlews, Olive Ridley turtles and monitors roam free in this land that has but one king - the Royal Bengal Tiger. Sunderbans is also home to mangrove forests characterized by roots sticking above the water. A haven of Portuguese pirates in the past, the land is still home to many mythical constructs - among them, the goddess of the forest Ma Bonobibi, the ancestor of all tigers Dakshinaroy and Shiber Kumir or Lord Shiva's crocodile.
Swabhumi is one of the best heritage parks in the eastern sub region of India. The park is located in the eastern fringes of Kolkata city. The park with a natural hillock portrays the pristine beauty, wrapped in the warm aesthetic ambience. Swabhumi holds some mind blowing treasures of arts and crafts. The park with its rich collections continues to be one of the best visited parks in the city.
The park area is divided into various sections, with each section presenting a speciality of its own. The five main sections at Swabhumi inculcate the traditional crafts village called Shilpgram, the Urban Zone called Sambhar, the Food Park or Santushti, Meenabazar and Sabhaghar. Swabhumi is a gateway to Indian arts and culture. The popular exhibitions in the park display famous works and schools of paintings (Madhubani and Gond paintings), popular crafts (like Dokhra crafts) and designer garments by famous Indian fashion houses. The popular items exhibited include paper products, Kantha Stitch Sarees, Wood Carvings, Block Printed Sarees, Showpieces from Puruliya, Kalimpong and Krishnanagar, Wrought Iron Furniture, Handlooms, etc.
The park is one of the best places to look for antiquities, designer apparels, items for interior home decoration, popular arts and crafts articles, popular food of Indian sub continent and of course the best party place. Talking more about fun and partying, the Sabhaghar is exclusively meant for banquets, parties and conferences.
The Thakurbari(House of the Thakurs (anglicized to Tagore) in Jorasanko), north of Kolkata, West Bengal, India is the ancestral home of the Tagore family. It is currently located on the Rabindra Bharati University campus. It was built in the 18th century by Prince Dwarkanath Tagore (Rabindranath Tagore's grandfather). Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) was born here.
The house is has been restored to reflect the way the household looked when the Tagore family lived in it and currently serves as the Tagore museum for Kolkata. The museum offers details about the history of the Tagore family including its involvement with the Bengal Renaissance and the Brahmo Samaj. Apart from the heritage routine, Rabindra Bharati University organizes regular cultural programmes on the poet's birthday, Panchise Baisakh, when thousands flock to Jorasanko Thakur Bari, and on other occasions, such as his death anniversary, Baishe Shravan. It also organises a festival of arts, Aban Mela.
Situated amid the forests of northern West Bengal, and watered by the Teesta, the Dooars are a must-see for the wildlife enthusiast. A stay at a forest lodge, a walk down the ruins of forts at Nalrajar Garh and Buxa Duar, an afternoon at the Jalpesh temple, elephant rides through the home of the rhino and a visit to the habitat of the Toto tribes in Totopara are but part of the traveler's itinerary here.
The Grand Hotel, officially known as the Oberoi Grand, is situated in the heart of Kolkata on Jawaharlal Nehru Road (earlier known as Chowringhee Road). It is an elegant building of British era and is a famous building in Kolkata. The hotel is owned by Oberoi chain of hotels. The Grand Hotel had humble beginnings as Mrs. Monte's Boarding House at 13, Chowringhee Street. Acquired by the Armenian real-estate baron Arrathoon Stephen, it turned into a 3-story 500-room hotel. Acquired by hotelier Mohan Singh Oberoi in 1938, it became the Oberoi Grand.
The Tipu Sultan Shahi Mosque is a famous mosque in Kolkata, India. Located at 185 Dhartamtalla Street, the mosque is a relic of architectural and cultural heritage. People from all sections of society and religions are allowed to visit the mosque and take pictures of this historical premise. The building was built in 1832 by Prince Ghulam Mohammed, the youngest son of Tipu Sultan. The mosque has been headed by the Shahi Imam, since its construction. Presently Syed Mohammed Noorur Rahman Barkati is the Imam of the mosque. His father, Salman Barkati, was also the Shahi Imam till his death in 1985. The expenses of the mosque are covered by the income from various rental properties owned by Masjid trust, headed by officials appointed by the Kolkata High Court.
Tollygunge Club is an all in one club which is based in a place called Tollygunj or simply Tolly. The club is famous for the variety of facilities which it offers. This club situated at southern Kolkata boasts of a 18-hole golf course, tennis courts, squash courts, billiards and pool, recreation and health club, mini indoor as well as a an Olympic size outdoor swimming pool, Equestrian specialties etc.
The location of an Ayurvedic spa near the Club is an added bonus for the regulars to the club. The club itself is located in a scenic environment and the club interiors are mesmerizing with picturesque locations, greenery and an amusing mix of flora and fauna received from Australian as well as South American continent.
Every city has a central location which is a mute spectator to its growth and prosperity. The Town Hall of Kolkata has been a vibrant participant in all major activities of the city since last two centuries. Constructed in 1813 using wood and bricks, the Town Hall stands in the illustrious company of the Assembly House. The 25 feet high ground floor has an intricate network of numerous small rooms and a central marble hall.
Town Hall displays Palladian Neo-classical Doric style architecture and has been used as the Town Court House as well as the office of Public Services Commission. Numerous community meetings and social gatherings have been organized in front of the town hall of Kolkata.
The University of Calcutta (also known as Calcutta University) is a public university located in the city of Kolkata (previously Calcutta), India, founded on 24 January 1857. It was the first multidisciplinary modern university in South Asia, as the oldest institution to have university status, Senate of Serampore College (University), Serampore was granted freedom to grant degrees in theology only.
The university also has many affiliated colleges spread over southern West Bengal. The main campus of the university, located on College Street, is spread over a small area of 2.7 acres (0.011 km2). The main campus is also known as the Asutosh Siksha Prangan, and contains Darbhanga Building, Asutosh Building, Hardinge Building, and the Centenary Building. The Rashbihari Siksha Prangan (also known as University College of Science and Technology or popularly Rajabazar Science College), located on Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, houses several scientific and technological departments, e.g., pure and applied chemistry, pure and applied physics, applied mathematics, psychology, physiology, biophysics and molecular biology.
The Victoria Memorial is a memorial building dedicated to Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Empress of India, which is located in Kolkata, India - the capital of West Bengal and a former capital of British India. It currently serves as a museum and a tourist attraction. It is an autonomous organization within the Government of India's Ministry of Culture. The memorial was designed by Sir William Emerson. Sir William Emerson, a renowned architect,laid down the actual plan of the memorial. The design of the structure represents an amazing fusion of British and Mughal architecture. White Makrana marbles were used in the construction of Victoria Memorial Hall and the building was inaugurated in the year 1921. The massive hall is 338 by 228 feet (69 m) and rises to a height of 184 feet (56 m).
The Victoria Memorial is massive in its size and stands enclosed within blooming gardens that spread over to an area of 64 acres (260,000 m2). It houses a museum containing a large collection of memorabilia relating to Victoria and the British presence in India as well as other exhibits. . The Memorial also contains a Royal Gallery housing a number of portraits of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and paintings illustrating their life. After India gained independence in the year 1947, certain additions were made to the Victoria Memorial. These additions formed National Leader's Gallery, containing the portraits and relics relating to Indian independence.
The Victoria Memorial Museum houses Western Paintings, Indian Paintings, Archive, Rare Books, Manuscripts, Mughal Miniatures, Postage and Stamps, Company School Drawings, Weapons, Sketches etc.
Vidyasagar Mela is celebrated in the remembrance of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar. The basic aim is to spread his teachings and social messages. Calcutta Vidyasagar Mela also attempts to showcase the cultural aspects of the state. The special features of the Vidyasagar Mela Kolkata India consist of the health camps and seminars. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was a multifaceted personality who made a significant contribution in virtually all aspects of Indian life then be it education, culture, religion etc.
This unique mela was launched for the first time in Calcutta in the year 1994. It was held at the Maidan of Kolkata. The fair is mainly held as a part of social welfare to spread awareness among the people through the systematic spread of education and participatory developmental programmes. It also throws light on the folk cultures of different districts. Cultural competitions consisting of dance, song, drawing, extempore etc are conducted to promote kids. Also medical services are provided in this fair.
Vidyasagar Setu (commonly known as the Second Hooghly Bridge), is a bridge over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. It links the city of Howrah to its twin city of Kolkata. The bridge is a toll bridge for all vehicles. It is one of the longest bridges of its type in India and one of the longest in Asia. The bridge is named after the 19th century Bengali reformist Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar.
The bridge also has sister bridges over the river at different points, namely the Howrah Bridge (Rabindra Setu), the Vivekananda Setu and the Nivedita Setu. The Vidyasagar Setu is a cable-stayed bridge, with a main span of a little over 457 metres, and a deck 35 metres wide. Construction started in 1978 and the bridge was finally inauguarated on the 10th of October, 1992. The construction was planned and supervised by the German engineers Schlaich Bergermann and Partner.
Vivekananda Setu (also called Willingdon Bridge and Bally Bridge) is a bridge over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. It links the city of Howrah, at Bally, to its twin city of Kolkata, at Dakshineswar. Built in December 1932, it is a multispan steel bridge and was built to provide road cum rail link between the Calcutta Port and its hinterland. The construction of bridge was done by famous Kutchi-Mistri contractor and Industrialist Rai Bahadur Jagmal Raja Chauhan. His nameplate can still be seen on each girder of the bridge. The construction of bridge started in year 1926 and was completed in year 1932.
The bridge was named Wellington Bridge by British after the then Governor of Calcutta. The first train that ran across the bridge was named Jagmal Raja Howrah Express by British acknowledging the feat of Rai Bahadur Jagmal Raja. It is said that bridge cost over one crore in those years. The bridge serves both road and rail. The bridge also has sister bridges over the river at different points, namely the Howrah Bridge (Rabindra Setu) and the Vidyasagar Setu.
The Writers' Building is the secretariat building of the State Government of West Bengal in India. It is and is located in West Bengal's capital city of Kolkata. The Writers' Building originally served as the office for writers of the British East India Company, hence the name. Designed by Thomas Lyon in 1780, it received its impressive Corinthian facade, an example of the Neo-Renaissance style, in 1889. There is a statue of Britannia atop the main entrance.
The building is located on the northern shore of the a water body locally called Lal Dighi in B.B.D. Bagh area. Various departments of the West Bengal government are housed in this building. It is an edifice of great political significance and memories of the Indian Independence Movement.
Yuva Bharati Krirangan(Stadium of the Indian Youth), commonly known as Salt Lake Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium in Bidhannagar, Kolkata, West Bengal. The stadium is the second largest non-auto racing stadium in the world and the largest in the Indian sub-continent. It is currently used for football matches and athletics. The stadium was built in 1984 and holds 120,000 people in a three-tier configuration.
The roof is made of metal tubes and aluminum sheets and concrete. There are two electronic score boards and control rooms. The lighting is uniformly distributed to facilitate nocturnal sports. There are special arrangements for TV broadcasting. The stadium covers an area of 76.40 acres (309,200 m2). It was inaugurated in January, 1984. The salient features of the stadium are unique synthetic track for athletic meets, electronic scoreboard, main football arena measuring 105m x 70m, elevators, VIP enclosures, peripheral floodlighting arrangement from the roof-top, air conditioned VIP rest room and Conference Hall.
Other features of the stadium are also commentary boxes for All India Radio and TV along with several platforms for TV cameras, press boxes, dormitories and AC. rooms, player's changing rooms, practice grounds for football, cricket and khokho, volleyball field and an ultra-medium gymnasium. The stadium has its own water arrangements and standby diesel generation sets. The floodlights which illuminate the stadium consist of 624 bulbs of 2 kW each and two electronic scoreboards consisting of 36,000 bulbs of 25 watt each. The four underground reservoirs have unique fire-fighting arrangements with a capacity of 10,000 gallons.
The zoological garden was established in 1875, and is spread extensively over nearly 100 acres of land. It is considered to be the one of the largest and the oldest zoos of India having vast reserve rare varieties of flora and the animal kingdom. It has been accredited for being the home of some endangered species of animals and interesting creatures. It is a bird watchers paradise in a word as well.
The zoo, which continues to be a part of the British heritage in India, is one of the most widely visited places in Kolkata attracting not only children but also the old. It has many special attractions in the zoo, which has been a subject of curiosity among the crowd. The zoo has the credit of bringing back the rare Manipur Brow Antlered Deer from near extinction. The zoo was the first to have bred Giraffes and has produced Tigions and Litigons as a coss breeding accomplishment.
As soon as we enter into the garden we get to see a huge variety of flowers and rarest of the animals, like the `White Tiger`, which is endangered and under the threat of extinction, a 250 year-old giant Tortoise, which is believed to be already more than 120 years when it moved to the Kolkata Zoo long back in the year 1876. There are two new members in the zoo, which are the two hippos that can be found in an exclusive 2,700 sq. meter open-air enclosure. In the artificial lake inside the zoo, seem to be attracting very rare species of birds. It is only during the winter months that the migratory birds can be spotted in the zoo. This makes the zoo an ultimate paradise for bird lovers, and they can spend a long time admiring the avifauna of the place. The gardens also constitute a Snake House, a Children`s park apart from the above-mentioned attractions. The artificial lake provides an interesting site with birds flocking above and a charm overwhelms all who visits it.
- Some Religious Places : St. John's Church, Greek Orthodox Church, St. James' Anglican Church (Jora Girja), Parsi Fire Temples, Japanese Buddhist Temple
- Town Hall, Esplanade Mansion, Energy Park, Netaji Indoor Stadium, Central Park, Elliot Park, Citizens Park, Nalban, Southern Avenue, Chowringhee Avenue etc.