Cathedral of Reconciliation
Intangki Wildlife Sanctuary
Welcome to Kohima,
Kohima is the hilly capital of India's north eastern border state of Nagaland which shares its borders with Burma. Kohima is the land of the Angami Naga tribe. The name, Kohima, was officially given by the British as they could not pronounce the Angami name Kewhima or Kewhira ('the land where the flower Kewhi grows'). It is called after the wild flowering plant Kewhi, found in the mountains. Kohima is located at 1261 metres (4137 feet) on the top of a high ridge and the town serpentines along the top of the mountain ranges.
It offers a basket full of goodies to tourists with portraits of scenic beauty all over the place. The sharp peaks, the tearing clouds and the misty wind makes it an absolute delight for any tourist visiting this place. The State Museum, the Kohima Zoo, Jafu Peak are thronged by tourists from all parts of the world. When in Kohima, places like the Dzukou Valley and the Dzulekie stream near are some of the must visit. Kohima's Catholic Church is considered to be one of the biggest and most beautiful churches in the entire county and is also one place a tourist must not miss out on.
Though it literally means 'big village', Bara Basti is believed to be the most ancient village of Kohima as well. It is also known to be the second largest and most populated village of Asia. Originally built by Angami ancestors, the village is presently serving as a heritage place for Naga tribe. A large traditional wooden gate elaborately carved with weapons, warriors and the skull of Mithun, a symbol of prosperity, mark the entrance of the village.
A religious and architectural landmark in Kohima, Cathedral of Reconciliation is the main church of the bishop of the diocese of Kohima. The church's semi- circular building with a facade in line with traditional Naga house and modern architectural ideas describe in details the architectural brilliance of of the ancient era. Construct work of Cathedral of Reconciliation began in 1986 and the consecration of the same was done in 1991. the specially carved places for baptism, adoration and confession along with along with well designed galleries to accommodate as much as 4500 people, all showcases extraordinary appeal. Interestingly, the construction of the cathedral was funded by Japanese people who wanted to build a monument and dedicate the same to those Japanese soldiers who sacrificed their lives in the battle of Kohima during World War II.
Dzukou Valley is renowned for its trekking trails and is frequented by adventure seekers visiting Kohima. This valley is located at an altitude of 2,438 m above sea level. This entire valley is adorned with lilies, aconitum, euphorbia and multi-coloured rhododendrons. This valley is located 25 km away from Kohima and provides a beautiful sight of mountain ranges and rivulets.
Dzulekie is among the beautiful picnic spots around Kohima that is surrounded by lush evergreen sub-tropical forests. This stream flows from a sleek and narrow gorge and appears to seep underground at some places. Abounded by beautiful hills, this forest preserves the rarely found blythe's tragopan, which is a species of pheasant. Various domesticated bisons and mithuns are also found at this place. It is located at an elevation of about 2133 m above the sea level and is 40 km away from Kohima.
Intangki Wildlife Sanctuary preserves several species of wild animals like tiger, elephants, mithun and many more. Major attraction of this sanctuary is hoolak gibbon, which is only one of its kinds found in India. The sanctuary is surrounded by thick cover of green forests and has various hills and mountains. Spread over an area of 202 sq km, this sanctuary is home to various species of flora and fauna, which are rarely found elsewhere. Renowned as a birdwatcher's paradise, this sanctuary is home to various species of birds like hornbill, common pheasant, khaleej, black stork and many others.
Flaunting itself as the second highest peak of Nagaland, Japfu Peak is Kohima is no doubt an eye- catching site nestled at a height of around 3048 metres above sea level. The peak is not only an attraction for trekkers, but also for photographers and nature lovers who want to witness and capture the panoramic vistas of nature. Blanketed with lush green vegetation, with the backdrop of snow- clad Himalayas, the entire Japfu Peak looks like a river full of emeralds opening up to gorgeous views of adjoining villages and cities. Mostly bestowed with subtropical vegetation, those visiting the peak can enjoy the sweet murmur of various hill birds.
The Angami tribe's village of Khonoma in the Western part of Kohima District is popularly known amongst locals and outsiders for its environmental consciousness amongst locals. Added to its environmental conscious community, the village also boasts of well maintained sanitation, abundant greenery and a typical agricultural system called "Alder based jhum cultivation".
Konhima's Catholic Church is considered as one of the biggest churches in the north-east region of India and is one of its kinds in the entire Kohima. In 1948, Sisters of the Missionaries of Christ Jesus came to Kohima to facilitate services at one of the civil hospital of the region. At the same time, this church began to spread Christianity, which produced substantial results. As a result of this attempt, separate diocese for the states of Manipur and Nagaland were created. The church has experienced steady growth because of the missionaries and its believers. Since then, various services offered by this church like educational and social services have spread in the whole region. Located on the Aradhurah Hill, this church is also known for its architecture, which reflects the blend of indigenous and creative art.
Naga Bazzar is counted among one of the famous tourist attractions in Kohima. It is famous for the trading of livestock, which attracts many visitors. Trading of livestock means that it is the market where all living things area available including the black dog, which is the integral part of Naga Cuisine. Dressed in the traditional Naga outfit, women of the Naga tribes can be seen selling variety of handicrafts, poultry and fishery products in this market.
Ruzaphema, located 5 km away from Kohima on the Dimapur-Kohima Road, is a popular shopping area. This area is known for its colourful bazaars, where visitors can shop for unique and beautiful handicrafts that are made by the tribal women of Nagaland.
The Shilloi Lake is connected with one of the very important early Naga features; role of spirits. Its actual name is 'L?tsam' meaning place where water is collected. The British called her 'Shiloh' but today it is officially known as 'Shilloi'. A view of the lake from top makes it appear like the shape of ahuman footprint. The winding road down to the lake from Washelo, through the slopes of the rocky hills presents a majestic sight. Shilloi Lake lies on the lower slopes of the hill ranges running along the Myanmar ridges.It is surrounded by tall, striking and attractive hills. Shilloi Lake spreads over 0.25 to 0.30 sq. km.
The State Museum of Kohima is a platform that exhibits the vibrant culture of Nagaland through a collection of fascinating arts and artifacts. It is not only the major attraction of Kohima but also the entire state, because very few landmarks like the State Museum bring to limelight the culture of Nagas and their evolution through stages. A sneak peek into the tribal habitats including clan motifs, precious gems and stones, traditional Naga attires, sculptural inscriptions, ancestral weaponry, jewelery and status pillars takes one back to the ancient Nagaland days.
The ceremonial drum kept in an altogether separate section is the major highlight of the museum. It suggests that actual Nagaland tribes originated from the shores of Sumatra. There is also a dedicated art gallery that displays beautiful and unique paintings of local artists. Naga Morung, hut models of varied Naga architecture along with bamboo- made musical instruments are other interesting objects showcased in Kohima State Museum.
Tuophema is promoted as the Ancient Heritage Village by the state Government. This village is known for its calm and beautiful surroundings, which attracts many visitors. Tuophema presents a different perspective of social system of the Nagas and offers a beautiful ambience as of the ancient village charm. Tourists visiting the destination are offered a variety of traditional Naga cuisine like ghalo, which means pork and bamboo, rice beer and bamboo baked fish. Of all the festivals celebrated in the destination, Angami Sekrenyi is most popular among the villagers. This festival is celebrated in from 25th to 27th February, every year.
War Cemetry in Kohima is a significant historical landmark dedicated to as many as 10,000 brave soldiers of the 2nd British Division of Allied Forces who gave up their lives in World War II at Kohima during the year 1944. Kohima War Cemetry, earlier known as Garrison Hill, initially served as a tennis ground of the Deputy Commissioner and later got transformed into a battle ground.
The cemetery is designed in a series of terraces where stone steps lead to the way. Beautifully covered with grass and roses, the plots of the cemetery looks like a colourful blanket sculpted with stories of brave hearts who laid down their lives for the nation. As around 17,000 soldiers including British and Indian were reportedly killed, missing and wounded, the British before leaving India decided to erect such a memorial in the memories of the valiant comrades.
- Kisama Heritage Village, Pulie Badze, Mt. Tabor Retreat Centre, etc.
- Few religious places : Nepali Temple, Angami Church, Chedema Baptist Church, Union Baptist Church, St. Francis De Sales Parish, Chakhesang Baptist Church, Christian Revival Church, Khedi Baptist Church, Nepali Baptist Church, Angami Church, Zeme Baptist Church, Sda Church, Sangtam Baptist Church, Rongmei Baptist Church, Rengma Bapist Church etc.