Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
Periyar National Park
Idukki Arch Dam
Periyar Tiger Reserve, Thekkady
Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary
Welcome to Idukki(Painavu),
Idukki is the state in the Indian state of Kerala. The name of the district is derived from the Malayalam word Idukku, meaning narrow gorge. Painavu is the headquarters of the district. Idukki lies in the Western Ghats of Kerala. Idukki is the second largest district in area but has the lowest population density. It has a vast forest reserve area; more than a half of the district is covered by forests. Munnar and Thekkady are the most famous town in the district for nature lovers. The Periyar, Thodupuzhayar and Thalayar are the important rivers of the district. Idukki Dam, Asia's largest Arch Dam is located at Idukki Township of Idukki Taluka.
The district is famous for its scenic beauty and natural places especially various hill stations. Some of the famous places are Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary, Mullaperiyar Dam, Periyar National Park, Idukki Arch Dam, Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary, Periyar Tiger Reserve and Vandiperiyar in Thekkady, Vagamon etc.
Abraham's Spice Garden is placed on the way between Thekkady and Kottam, it is a magnificent organic garden of spices. The scenic charm and picturesque views of this garden fill this place with an entrapping beauty.It is also a perfect place for those who want to understand spice cultivation, organic farming and ayurveda.
A small village in the Idukki district, Anakarra is just about 50 sq. km in area. Situated approximately 18 km from Idduki wildlife sanctuary on the Kumily-Munnar state highway, this place is famous for its spice plantations and picturesque waterfalls.
Cheruthoni Dam is another famous dam of Kerala which is situated in Idukki district. The dam is constructed across the Cheruthoni River. This river is an important tributary of the Periyar River. This dam generated hydro-electric power which is supplied to the nearby places. The villages that are powered by this dam are Karimban, Manjappara Vazhathope, Thadiyanpadu, and Maniyarankudi. It is the third dam of the Idukki Reservoir Project. This is a nice place for photography.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is located 18 km north of Marayoor on SH 17 in the Marayoor and Kanthalloor panchayats of Devikulam taluk in the Idukki district of Kerala state in South India. It is one of twelve wildlife sanctuaries among the protected areas of Kerala. It forms an integral part of the 1,187 km2 (458 sq mi) block of protected forests straddling the Kerala-Tamil Nadu border in the Annamalai Hills. The Western Ghats, Anamalai Sub-Cluster, including all of Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site.
34 species of mammals live here, including many panthers and spotted deer, 50 -60 Indian elephants, gaur, tigers, sambar deer, common langur, bonnet macaque, Hanuman monkey, threatened Nilgiri tahr, vulnerable rusty-spotted cats and about 240 of the only vulnerable grizzled giant squirrels in Kerala. 245 species of birds including yellow-throated bulbuls. 52 species of reptiles including 29 species of snakes, Indian star tortoise and the largest population of vulnerable mugger crocodiles in Kerala live in the sanctuary.
The sight of gentle rolling tea gardens, aroma of freshly plucked tea leaves and floating clouds bowing down to kiss the misty mountain peaks define Munnar- one of the most picturesque towns of Kerala. In this quaint charming postcard like town of Munnar, Echo Point rests an as exquisite place to visit. Its uniqueness lies in its natural echo characteristic, where on screaming your voice returns reverberates to you. Echo Point's scenic gorgeousness owing to clustered tea plantations and spice and coffee gardens resulted in its popularity amongst trekkers and nature strollers. In a completely tranquil and rejuvenating environment, strollers and trekkers can move along the velvety slopes and photograph moments of serenity and bounteous natural beauty.
Grampi is also known as Parunthupara (eagle rock) because of the panoramic view from its peeks. Rocky plains, lush hillsides, forests, trekking trails and picturesque view lent charm to this destination. The road to Grampi is flanked by unending stretches of cardamom, tea and coffee plantations.
'God's Own Country', Kerala is a hot spot of attractions. It has everything to soothe the weary eyes. Atop a hillock is nestled one of the most famous attractions of Idukki, the Hill View Park. This aesthetically-designed garden spans an area of nearly 8acres of land and offers some picturesque landscape-views. Within the park is located a natural water body that allows pedal boating facilities. One could get amazing views of the Cheruthoni and Idukki Dams as well. Children's Park and the Herbal Garden are its added attractions. Lastly do not forget your binoculars to sight some wonderful fauna species of elephants, bisons and deers in their natural habitats.
The magnificent Idukki Arch Dam boasts of being Asia's first and the world's second arch dam. It is 550 ft high and 650 ft wide and is built across the Kuravan and Kurathi Hills. Located close to the Cheruthoni barrage and Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary, it offers picturesque surroundings and peaceful ambience to soothe one's tired eyes and mind.
A land-locked district, Idukki is one of the most nature-rich areas of Kerala. The Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary here spreads over an area of 105.364 sq km in the Thodupuzha and Udumpanchola taluks of the district. Situated at an altitude of 450-748 m above sea level, this sanctuary occupies the forest land between the Cheruthoni and Periyar rivers. There is a scenic lake around the sanctuary, covered by an enchanting canopy of tropical ever-green and deciduous trees, and offers boat rides. Elephants, sambar deer, wild dogs, jungle cats, wild boar etc. are seen here apart from various species of snakes including cobra, viper, kraits and numerous non-poisonous ones. Birds include grey jungle fowl, Malabar grey hornbill, several species of woodpeckers, bulbuls, flycatchers, etc. The wildlife here is similar to that of Thekkady. This sanctuary lies adjacent to the world renowned Idukki Arch Dam.
Kadathanadan Kalari Centre is renowned for Kalaripayattu, the martial arts of Kerela, and it is situated on Thekkady: Road, Kumily. You may also find some attractive curious here.
The Kalvari Mount stands tall 5 km away from Idukki and is placed on the Kattapana -Idukki road. Kalvari Mount has a very steep slope and is a tourist hotspot. The place is famous for the procession during Good Friday and Lent. During the month of April, devotees march in a procession carrying crosses to commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. It gives you a mesmerising view of the nearby places. From one angle you can see the Idukki Arch Dam to Ayyappancovil. From another view you can see the Kamakshy and Mariyapuram villages.
The Keezharkuthu Falls is at a height of about 1500 m and is located amidst thick and lush green forests. Various kinds of medicinal plants are grown here and are used for preparing ayurvedic medicines. This site is considered ideal for mountaineering, rock climbing and camp tracking.
Thekkady mesmerises one to the core with its tranquil countryside and exuberant jungles that make it an idyllic, sleepy getaway destination. Kumily, located approximately 4km from it, in contrast is busy and buzzing with activity. Kumily is extremely famous for its spice and tea plantations. Spice-trading has rendered the place commercially significant while its picturesque landscape-views attract tourists at large.
Kurinjimala Sanctuary protects the approximately 32 km? core habitat of the endangered Neelakurinji plant in Kottakamboor and Vattavada villages in Devikulam Taluk, Idukki district of Kerala State. The sanctuary is home to threatened species of elephant, Gaur, Nilgiri tahr and deer.
The Malankara Reservoir is situated at a distance of around 6 km from Thodupuzha. This artificial lake is considered ideal for boating and fishing. The site is backed by a tail-gate of the Moolamattom Power House, constructed for managing the water of the Malankara Dam and the Malankara Reservoir. It spreads over an area of around 11 km and is part of the Muvattupuzha Valley. Tourists visiting the site can also spend time at the Kudayathoor Hills, Elaveezhapoonjira Waterfalls, Nadukani, Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary and Cheruthoni Dam.
The Mangala Devi Temple in Thekkady, Idukki, is one of the most popular attractions in the South Indian state of Kerala. It is built within the premises of the world renowned Periyar Tiger Reserve and is located at its northern boundary. The presiding deity of the temple is Mangaladevi, to whom the temple is dedicated. Mangaladevi, also known as Kannaki, has been a symbol of the moral powers possessed by women, enabling them to achieve whatever they want as long as their cause is just. The temple is not only visited by pilgrims, but also by tourists, their curiosity simply dragging them here. It is surrounded by dense forests, making the surroundings of the temple very serene and soothing. The temple is also visited by those in search of a quiet spot with a pristine and divine ambience, thus being a total delight for photography enthusiasts.
Marayur is a remote village on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats. The relics of new stone-age civilisation has been unearthed here. It has ancient stone cabins, called 'Muniyaras', and is the only place in Kerala having natural growths of sandal wood trees. Marayur has more than 1000 species of flowering plants and is a well known repository of medicinal plants. Chinnar - the wildlife sanctuary in Marayur - has recorded the largest number of reptilian species, including the mugger crocodile, in Kerala. With 225 recorded species of birds, it is one of the richest areas of south India in avian diversity.
The Mullaperiyar Dam or Mullaiperiyar Dam is a masonry gravity dam on the Periyar River in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located 881 m (2,890 ft) above mean sea level, on the Cardamom Hills of the Western Ghats in , Idukki District of Kerala, South India. It was constructed between 1887 and 1895 by John Pennycuick. The Mullaperiyar Dam is a gravity dam made with concrete prepared from limestone and "surkhi" (burnt brick powder), and faced with rubble.
Located a few kilometres from Munnar, the Muniyara Dolmens are magnificent prehistoric dolmens. Dolmens are ideally three or more stone place atop each other and a huge capstone. The Muniyara dolmens were a burial ground for the earliest inhabitants of prehistoric period. All the structures of dolmens point that they were made either during the nomadic period or even earlier. The Muniyara Dolmen is the only remaining evidence of a tribe who revered the dead. A detail study of these tombs by archaeologist and anthropologist showcased a light on the pottery and iron metal found inside these chambers. The way leading to the Muniyara Dolmens has been beautifully crafted along the road. Although much of the tombs present at the Muniyara Dolmens have been destroyed over time but it still is an attractive site for history lovers. Archaeologist and anthropologist are still inquisitive about the stones and the equipments used to lift them to create the dolmens.
The beauty of this place is quite an eyeful. It is a region of the world's finest spice plantations in Thekkady. You will encounter the aroma of various spices of Kerala while touring this region.
Nadukani is an ideal place for one-day picnickers. As the name indicates, this park offers panoramic view of the a large area of the same and nearby districts. A two-storyed pavilion makes an ideal place for enjoying the landscape and beauty of nature.
Nedumkandam Hill sits 3200 feet above the sea level at the Udumbanchola Taluk in idukki. This small town is situated between Munnar and the Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary, extending for 3 km along the road. It can be called the land of coffee, cardamom and pepper. It is one of the fastest growing towns in Kerala. There are many wonderful places to explore in the vicinity of Nedumkandam Hill. You can go for picnics at Kailasapara, Kallumekallu, Neyyandimala Ramakkalmedu and Mankuthimedu and enjoy the enchanting scenery. You can also visit the Thooval Falls and listen to the sound of music in nature.
Palkulamedu is located at a distance of around 12 km from Idukki and is popular for providing beautiful views of Kochi, Alappuzha and other nearby towns. It is situated at an elevation of around 3125 m above sea level and is entirely covered with thick and dense forests.
Pampadum Shola National Park is the smallest national park in Kerala state, South India. The park is administered by the Kerala Department of Forests and Wildlife, Munnar Wildlife Division. The park adjoins the Allinagaram Reserved Forest within the proposed Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park. The Western Ghats, Anamalai Sub-Cluster, including these parks, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site.
Lofty peaks, little streams and ever expanding tea plantations are the attractions of this place. Pattumala (which literally mean hill draped in silk) is home to the two most famous tea plantations, Harrisons Malayalam and A.V. Thomas and Co. The Velankanni Matha Church, build entirely granite, at the top of the hill is famous pilgrim center. The flower garden nearby is fascinating riot of colours, of roses, orchids and anthuria.
This idyllic hill station is a favorite haunt of trekkers and picnickers. The hill is named after Peer Mohammed, the Sufi saint, who spent his last days here. The mausoleum of the saint, the summer palace of the royal family and the residence of the Diwan situated nearby are all worth a visit.
Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary (PNP) is a protected area in the districts of Idukki and Pathanamthitta in Kerala, India. It is notable as an elephant reserve and a tiger reserve. The protected area covers an area of 925 km2 (357 sq mi). 305 km2 (118 sq mi) of the core zone was declared as the Periyar National Park in 1982.
Periyar (meaning: big river) is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala. It is one of the few perennial rivers in the region and provides drinking water for several major towns. The Periyar is of utmost significance to the economy of Kerala. It generates a significant proportion of Kerala's electrical power via the Idukki Dam and flows along a region of industrial and commercial activity.
Periyar Tiger Reserve, Thekkady, is an example of nature's bounty, with great scenic charm, rich biodiversity and providing veritable visitor satisfaction. Sprawled over an area of 925 km2., Periyar is one of the 27 tiger reserves in India. Zealously guarded and efficiently managed reserve is a repository of rare, endemic and endangered flora and fauna and forms the major watershed of two important rivers of Kerala, the Periyar and Pamba.
Pothamadu is known for its rich plantations of cardamom, tea and coffee. It is situated in the vicinity of Munnar and on the rolling hills which has thick evergreen forest cover.
The winding journey to this hill town, along the Periyar River, offers a stunning view of the rolling hills draped in lush greenery. Velvet lawns, rare flora and fauna add to the beauty of Pullumedu which can be accessed only by jeep. The famous Sree Ayyappa Temple at Sabarimala and the Makara Jyothi illumination at the shrine are visible from here.
Ramakkalmedu is a hill station and a hamlet in Idukki district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located about 15 km from Nedumkan on the Munnar-Thekkady route. Ramakalmedu stands tall in the Western Ghats at a height of 3500 feet above sea level. The ecosystem of the area consists largely of grass land Shola forest type which is laced by sporadic bamboo forests. Constant wind is another factor which makes Ramakkalmedu unique. Ramakkalmedu has potential to produce electricity, as it is said to be one of Asia's largest windiest area.
Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary otherwise known as Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary is the most-sought after place for those who love to watch the winged-creatures. This sanctuary also is a home for many indigenous reptiles and animals. Various species of migratory birds come here during the months of November to June. Hence, during this period many bird-watchers visit this place
Thekkady is located near to Kerala-Tamil Nadu border. The sanctuary is famous for its dense evergreen, semi-evergreen, moist deciduous forests and savanna grass lands. It is home to herds of elephants, sambar, tigers, gaur, lion-tailed macaques and Nilgiri langurs. It houses the famous Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary which is spread across 777 km2 (300 sq mi). The splendid artificial lake formed by the Mullaperiyar Dam across the Periyar River adds to the charm of the park. The greatest attractions of Periyar are the herds of wild elephants, deers, bisons that come down to drink in the lake. The sanctuary can be accessed through a trekking, boating or jeep safari.
Thommankuthu is a very scenic waterfall near Thodupuzha, in the southern state of Kerala, India and is named after the great hunter, Mr. Thommachen Kuruvinakunnel, who let the world know of this beautiful waterfall in the jungle in the late 1920s. Thommachen also played a big part in the discovery of the site for the Idukki Dam. This panchayat, belonging to Thodupuzha Thaluk in Idukki District, is one of the major eco-tourism centres in Kerala.
Thrissanku Hills situated at about 500 m from Kuttikanam and 4 km from Peermade is a popular hill station with serene and peaceful surroundings. Unlike other hill stations, this place is best known for the numerous untouched walking trails on the hills which are best sunset view points. The wonderful scenery surrounding the hills makes it a preferred family picnic spot. Tourists visiting Thrissanku hills can also visit the adjacent Peeru hills known for its beauty and serene atmosphere. Mausoleum of Sufi Saint, Diwan's residence and the summer palace belonging to the royal family can be seen from the hills.
A famous sun-set point, Thumpachi Kalveri Samuchayam is a popular spot nestled 35 km away from Thoddupuzha. It is one of the best places to go for a long drive.
Vagamon is a hill station situated 1200 meters above sea level,37 km from Palai and 42 km from Thodupuzha. This hill station provides option of trekking, paragliding or rock climbing for adventurous seekers. The place has many variety of flora and fauna located in various parts of hilly region. Evergreen tress, tall grasses and shrubs are present in the lower regions of Vagamon. Many rare species of birds, insects, wild buffaloes and elephants can be easily located in the forests. The main attractions here are mist-covered mountains and lakes, Pilgrim centers - Kurishumala, Murugan temple, Burial chamber of Sufi saint and pine forests
The River Periyar flowing through the centre of this town nourishes its vast tea, coffee and pepper plantations. A major trade centre, Vandiperiyar is also home to a number of tea factories. The Government Agriculture farm and Flower Garden have a delightful array of roses, orchids and anthuria.