Cellular Jail (National Memorial)
Carbyns' Cove Beach
Marina Park and Aquarium
Welcome to Andaman and Nicobar City,
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a group of islands in the Indian Ocean and a Union Territory of The Republic of India. The territory is located in the Indian Ocean, and geographically is considered part of Southeast Asia.
It comprises two island groups, the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands, separated by the 10? N parallel, with the Andamans to the north of this latitude,and the Nicobars to the south. The Andaman Sea lies to the east and the Bay of Bengal to the west.A bird's eye view shows this cluster of 350 small and large island as small,green speaks staggered on the vast blue waters.
The territory's capital is the Andamanese town of Port Blair. The name Andaman was presumed to be derived from Hanuman, who was known to the Malays as Handuman. Forests are the green extend over gold of the islands.The reserved and protected forests extend over 86% area of the territory and the forest cover is more than 92 %. About 50 % of the forests has been set aside as Tribal Reserves, National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries, which are inviolate.
This unique complex, the first of its kind in India, has all possible aqua sports facilities including safe water sports like paddle boats, row boats and water cycle, and adventure water sports like wind surfing, wind skiing, water scooter. There is also a memorial for the Battle of Aberdeen, fought between the Britishers and the Andamanese aboriginals in 1859.
This is a unique sports complex in India in its own kind. There are facilities for safe Water Sports such as Rowing Boats, Paddle Boats, Kayaks, Aqua-cycle, Aqua-glide, Bumper boats, etc., and Adventure water sports such as Water-skiing, Water scooters, Gemini boats, Para-sailing, Sail boats, Wind-surfers, Speed boats, Glass-bottom boats, etc., There are Saline Water Swimming Pool, Nature-walk, Change Room, Food Plaza, also. There is a Memorial built to commemorate the Battle of Aberdeen, fought between the British and Andamane aborigines in May, 1859, in which many Andamanese died. There is an artificial water-fall nearby.
This museum at Phoenix Bay (Bus stand, Delanipur road) depicts the life of the Paleolithic Islanders. It also houses the models of the aborigines and their tools. Closed on Mondays and holidays.
At a distance of about 135 Kms. from Port Blair is the land of volcano, Barren Island, the only active volcano in India. The Island, about 3 Kms. has a big crater of the volcano, rising abruptly from the sea, about 1/2 Km. from the shore and is about 150 fathoms deep. Can be visited on board vessels.
Covering an area of nearly 127 sq. km, Car Nicobar is the northernmost island of Nicobar group. Car Nicobar is among the most splendid island of all that are there in the group. Most of the area covered by the island is under heavy forest. One could see rare bird species inside the bushes. Another thing that is common to Car Nicobar island is the Nicobari huts. These huts are made at a height and have entrance through their floors. The marine life in the lagoons of Car nicoabr is among the most diverse in the entire Union territory.
One of the most picturesque sea-beaches, it is ideal for sea bathing and sun-basking. The Waves Restaurant, The Peerless Resort nearby and the Hornbill Nest Guest House at a stone's throw, provide a kaleidoscopic view of the blue water front.
Cellular Jail, located at Port Blair, stood mute witness to the tortures meted out to the freedom fighters, who were incarcerated in this Jail. The Jail, completed in the year 1906 acquired the name, 'cellular' because it is entirely made up of individual cells for the solitary confinement of the prisoners. It originally was a seven pronged, puce-coloured building with central tower acting as its fulcrum and a massive structure comprising honeycomb like corridors. The building was subsequently damaged and presently three out of the seven prongs are intact. The Jail, now a place of pilgrimage for all freedom loving people, has been declared a National Memorial.
The penal settlement established in Andamans by the British after the First War of Independence in 1857 was the beginning of the agonising story of freedom fighters in the massive and awful jails at Viper Island followed by the Cellular Jail. The patriots who raised their voice against the British Raj were sent to this Jail, where many perished. Netaji Subash Chandra Bose hoisted the tri-colour flag to proclaim Independence on 30th December 1943 at a place near this Jail.
The centre of activity of the Forest Department is Chatham Island. It has perhaps the biggest Saw Mill of its kind in Asia. Burma Nallah is about 17kms from Port Blair. Here logs are extracted with the help of elephants. The forest here is a feast to the eyes with most colourful and rare varieties of orchards and beauty of other flora and fauna.
This park near Aberdeen Water Sports Complex, is set up by the Traffic Police to educate young children about the traffic rules. There is a Toy Train nearby.
Chiriya Island is 25 kms. from Port Blair. Chidiya Island is the southern most tip of South Andaman. The lush green mangroves, forest cover with numerous chirping birds and the Sylvan Sands and Munda pahar beaches make it an ideal picnic site. The forest guesthouse situated on top of a hillock provides a fabulous view of isolated islands, submerged corals and the breath-taking sunset. Conducted tours are available from Andaman Teal House, Port Blair.
The lure of underwater coral gardens and unspoiled beaches specially a sand bar joining two islands are irresistible. Super place for SCUBA diving, swimming, fishing and Camping.
It is 36 kms.away from Port Blair. Situated near to Tirur, this place has a beautiful sandy beach with shallow water. Suitable for swimming, sun basking and viewing sunset.
Situated in North Andaman Island, Diglipur provides a rare experience for eco-friendly tourists. It is famous for its oranges, rice and marine life. Saddle Peak, 732 metres, the highest point in the islands is nearby. Kalpong, the only river of Andaman flows from here. The first hydroelectric project of the islands is coming upon this river. One who comes by road from Port Blair has to take a boat from Mayabunder to Kalighat and from there journey by road to Diglipur (25 kms.), and from there to Kalipur (18 kms.) for viewing, Kalipur and Lamiya bay beaches. Directorate of Tourism provides comfortable accommodation at Turtle Resort, Kalipur. The Water Sports Centre is near by. Those who want to go for trekking to Saddle Peak can collect trekking equipments on hire from Turtle Resort and start trekking from Kalipur. Ram Nagar beach (15 kms. away from Kalighat) is famous for Turtle nesting during December - February season. One who comes by boat from Port Blair will reach Aerial bay jetty, which is very near to places like Diglipur and Kalipur.
Ross and Smith, the twin islands joined by a bewitching sand bar, is 30 minutes away from Aerial bay jetty or Kalipur water sports centre. Directorate of Tourism offers island camping at Smith island during the tourist season. One can feel the innocent beauty of village life everywhere in Diglipur. One who prefers to be away from the hustle and humdrum of urban life must come here to enjoy unhurried holidays. Saddle peak is popular for trekking/nature trail through the evergreen rain forest. Kalighat is connected by daily two boat services from Mayabunder. Port Blair - Diglipur (Aerial bay jetty) boat services are available twice a week.
Situated near Andaman Water Sports Complex, it exhibits species of marine life peculiar to the islands and found in the Indo-Pacific and the Bay of Bengal. Closed on Mondays and holidays.
Situated at Haddo (near to the Zoo), this museum offers an insight into forest activities through scale models and displays decorative pieces made of famous woods like Padauk, Marble, Peauma, Gurjan, Satin Wood, etc., Open on all working days.
This beautiful park at Port Blair has facilities like amusement rides, safe water sports, nature trail around the lake, garden, restaurant and historic remains like Japanese Temple as well as a bunker. The erstwhile Dilthaman tank, which was the only source of drinking water to Port Blair, and the area around it has been developed into Gandhi Park in an unbelievably short time of 13 days.
Great Nicobar island is the largest island in the cluster of Nicobar Island. It is here that Indira Point, the southernmost point of India lies. Covering a huge area of nearly 1045 sq Km, Great Nicobar is sparsely inhabited with most of the area covered under thick rainforest and wildlife. The forest area is recognized as a biosphere reserve called The Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve. It is home to some rare and exclusive species of plants and animals.
Other natural resource is the marine life. It includes coral, shells, driftwood and seaweeds. Trancs, tortoise and turbos are the main types of shells. The main handicrafts of Andaman and Nicobar are created from these raw materials. They include exotic wood crafts, ornaments from sea-shell and palm mats. However the crafts which are predominant in the Andaman group of islands, are different from the specialized crafts of the Nicobar group of islands.
Following type of hand made item are made in Andaman and Nicobar Islands:
- Wood work
- Cane and Bamboo
- Shell Craft
- Basketry and Mat Making
- Cross Bows
These beautiful beaches are situated at Hut Bay island at a distance of 100kms from Port Blair and are connected by Inter Islands shipping services.
About 38 Kms. from Port Blair, this island provides idyllic resort in the lap of virgin beach and unpolluted environment. Camping facility is available near Radhanagar beach. A guesthouse of Tourism Department "Dolphin Resort" is available for the tourists.
Andaman offers the exquisite location for holiday vacations in the lap of nature. Island camping is a popular way for enjoying the sandy beaches and the clear sky. The pristine beauty of the Mother Nature blended with the cool breezy sea winds will make your stay in Andaman Islands a memorable one. Those who like to have secluded stay with nature can opt for Island camping in Andaman. The infrastructure facilities for a luxurious stay are all available in the Islands. There are tents and beach front resorts for the benefit of travelers. The stay in Andaman Islands is ideal for travelers looking for some peace, calm and serene beauty.
Government of India reserved some of the regions of Andaman Islands for the tribes Jarwa in Andaman. This Jarwa reserve is part of the dense forests in two islands of Andaman. Jarwa, the first inhabitants of the Islands, is one of the four aborigines of Andaman Islands. The population of Jarwa has dwindled to around 200 and the government is taking special care in promote the causes of Jarwa tribes. Jarwa tribal reserve is dynamic with the festivities of tribes including the traditional songs and dances, rituals, indigenous medicinal practices, unique social order and other ceremonies. This reserve is enriched with rare species of flora and fauna as well.
An island in Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, it offers a breath taking underwater view of coral and marine life. It is an ideal place for snorkeling , sea bathing and basking on the sun kissed beach.
Karmatang beach, at turtle nesting ground is being developed as tourist complex. Situated at Mayabunder, northern part of Middle Andaman, 240 kms by road and 136 kms by boat from Port Blair.
Earlier known as Tihnyu, Katchal is nearly 305 km from the capital island of Port Blair. Katchal is considered in the central group of Nicobar Islands. The population in Katchal consists of both indigenous and non-indigenous people. Since Katchal is located on the old international trade route, it was visited by many voyagers and traders from around the world. They all brought with them different cultures that became a part of this island. You can still find these outside influences in the culture of people residing here.
Kondul is a small Island to the north of Great Nicobar and is known for good canoes.
This island has a beautiful beach at Butler Bay, a waterfall and plantation of oil palms. Apart from this there are several sandy beaches all along the coastline of the island. The break water at Hut Bay offers an excellent view to the tourists. Little Andaman is the vegetable bowl for the Nicobar group of islands. The Onge tribals live in this island, so do Nicobarese apart from settlers from erstwhile East Pakistan and other places. However entry to tribal areas is restricted. Journey 8 hrs. by sea from Port Blair towards south.
Connected by boat four times a week from Phoenix Bay Jetty, this island offers an excellent sandy beach at Lalaji Bay, unpolluted environment and evergreen forests. The sea around the island is frequented by dolphin convoys. Lalaji bay, 6 kms. away from the boat jetty, is accessible by 15 minutes journey in dinghies or trekking through the forest. Directorate of Tourism offers island camping during season.
This place is a trekking area, north east of South Andaman. Exotic endemic birds, animals, butterflies, and elephant lumbering are the most interesting part of the trek.
The Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park at Wandoor is at a distance of 29 Kms. from Port Blair covering an area of 281.5 Sq.Kms. This Marine Park made-up of open sea, creeks and 15 small and large islands, is one of the best found anywhere in the world. Viewing of rare corals and underwater marine life through glass bottom boats,SCUBA diving and Snorkelling are a lifetime experience for anyone.
Marina Park and Aquarium is a prime attraction in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is located in the unspoiled seashore close proximity to Water Sports Complex. The local inhabitants and the visiting tourists use this park for spending their valuable evenings by enjoying the nature's gifts of pristine beauty, stunning sea waves and lush green vegetations. The Aquarium is a praise worthy place enclosing many marine life including various kinds of sea fishes and turtles. A children's park with many facilities for kids enjoyment, a toy train and many other amusement facilities make this park a much sought picnic spot.
Situated in the northern part of Middle Andaman, Mayabunder offers excellent scenic beauty and beautiful beaches. Inhabited by the settlers from Burma, East Pakistan and ex-convicts, Mayabunder has a distinct culture. Beach at Avis Island (30 minutes boat journey from Mayabunder), Karmatang beach (13 kms.) and mangrove lined creeks are the attractions. Karmatang beach is also a turtle nesting ground. One can view nesting of turtles during December-February season. Swiftlet Nest guest house of the Directorate of Tourism (Tel: 73495) is very near to the Karmatang beach. One can go to Kalighat (for Diglipur) by boat from here.
Situated at Haddo (Delanipur - Chatham road), it houses some of the rare species of endemic birds and animals found in these islands.
The summer headquarters of the Chief Commissioner during British Raj, this place is an ideal for a nice and fascinating over view of the outer islands and the sea. It is the highest peak in the South Andamans (365 metres high). One can trek upto Madhuban through a nature trail and can find rare endemic birds, animals and butterflies. Conducted tours to Mt. Harriet are available from Andaman Teal House.
It is an Island of the most magnificent natural harbour along with Camrota and Trinket. Nancourie Island has an area of about 67sq.kms. On one side of Nancourie is Camrota Island which is the administrative headquarter of the Nancourie group. Ram Lachmi, the chief of Camrota and Nancourie lives here though there is not much of a tribal leader about her and she dresses like any other person on the mainland.
Neil Island has a long shallow beach and is used for timbering operations. There is also a lake. This beautiful island with lush green forest and sandy beaches is the vegetable bowl of Andamans. Connected by boat from Port Blair four days a week, it provides an ideal holiday for eco-friendly tourists. Hawabill Nest guesthouse of the Directorate of Tourism is situated here. One can feel the sincerity and serenity of village life here. Beautiful beaches at Laxmanpur, Bharatpur, Sitapur and the bridge formation on the sea-shore (Howra bridge) are the attractions.
Radha Nagar and Vijay Nagar Beach in Havelock are real exposures of unpolluted nature for an environment lover. Vijaynagar beach is just infront of Dolphin Yatri Niwas and Radhanagar beach is 7km away from Dolphin Yatri Niwas.
A sandy beach situated at Diglipur Island. It is connected by two daily boat servicesfrom Mayabunder and from Port Blair twice a week.
One can enjoy the quiet village life and solitude of virgin nature here. You can also breathe unpolluted air, a rare commodity for the city dweller. Cutbert Bay beach (20 kms. away from Rangat bazar/jetty) is a turtle nesting ground. One can view the nesting of turtles during December - February season. Hawksbill Nest, guest house of the Directorate of Tourism, is near to the Cutbert bay beach and Turtle sanctuary. Panchavati waterfall and Amkunj beach are on the way to Cutbert bay. One can go to Mayabunder and Diglipur from here.
Another island in Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park has a nice beach and offers spectacular view of corals and marine life.
Ross Islands was the seat of British Administration. It is situated North of Port Blair just across a narrow stretch of sea. This island with an area of about 200 acres was a small world in itself with chief commissioners residence. The place came into decay with the shifting of the Chief Commissioner's Office in 1942 as areas close to the shore had developed serious cracks and it was felt that the building was not safe. The Japanese occupied the Island in March 1942. In October 1945 the Islands were reoccupied by the British. Today the Island is deserted.
Rutland Island is a big Island in area. In the past, war like Jarawas inhabited the area. But now they have been segregated in other areas.
Situated opposite to Andaman Teal House, Delanipur this museum is meant to create awareness on various aspects of oceanic environment. A good collection of shells, corals and a few species of colourful fishes found in these islands are on display.
A must see place while visiting Andaman and Nicobar Islands is the Science Centre. Located at Goodwill Estate, Corbyn's Cove Road in Port Blair, this science centre reveals the science behind the functioning of Oceans, the maturation of Corals and behavior of fish with the climatic changes. The Centre itself is the integration of the aspects of Geography and Science. Science Centre also has an amphibian seaplane, operating in the region and a host of outdoor exhibits. At this centre, visitors can gain knowledge on science of oceans while creating waves of different parameters and exploring their features. One can get a glimpse of variety of birds and butterflies in the grounds of the Science Centre, in their natural habitats.
Exciting experience of Scuba diving is a major attraction in the island of Andaman. One can see fascinating marine life, amazing corals and remains of sunken ships. One can explore the wonders of scuba diving and can get the rare experience mixed with adventure and enjoyment.
Some of the major spots where one can enjoy scuba diving in Andaman include Neil Island, Anglis Island, Havelock Island and Wandoor. Havelock Island, which is approximately 54 km away from Port Blair, has scuba 2 diving centers/school - Dive India and Barefoot Scuba, where one can get certification courses in scuba diving. These courses are conducted by professionals and experienced instructors in many languages with latest and well known diving equipments being used. To enjoy the adventure of scuba diving one can head towards the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and explore the beautiful reefs and amazing variety of sea animals.
It is just 14 kms. away from Port Blair. Sprawling over an area of 80 acres is a Government farm. Research and Development programmes for cultivation of spices like cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, coconut and pepper are conducted here. Research and Demonstration farm of the Central Agricultural Research Institute (CARI) is nearby.
Smith Island, one of the twin islands in Andaman, is connected to Ross Islands by an imposing sand bar. The Island is a perfect location for Island Camping, attracted due to its clean and unspoiled seashore and its marvelous sight seeing facilities. The lush green coconut palms standing tall in rows on the sea shore adds to its beauty. This camping location is an ideal place to spend vacations away from the hustle and bustle of maddening city life. Good accommodation facilities with delicious cuisine make the holidays in Smith Islands a remarkable experience.
The Chatham Saw Mill, one of the oldest and largest mills in Asia, built on a tiny island, is connected to Port Blair by a bridge. It is a store-house of timber like Padauk, Gurjan, Marble, Satin Wood, etc. The island has the second largest wharf of these islands, where island-mainland ships can berth.
Trinket Island covers an approximate land area of 29 sq. km. The island is part of the Nicobar Islands chain, located east of Kamorta island. As of 2001, the Indian census there are 436 people living on Trinket in four villages called Trinket, Safebalu, Tapiang and Hockcook.
The Viper Island, near Haddo Wharf, is at the mouth of Port Blair harbour is on 69 acres crescent shaped place. Once a full-fledged prison for local and mainland convicts, the Island had a gallows on top of a hillock. The Jail was abandoned after commissioning of cellular Jail. The island serves as a tourist attraction. It is known as Viper Island because of the presence of Viper snakes in the past.
Situated near to Andaman Teal House, this museum and research library exhibit a good variety of sponges, corals, butterflies, centipedes etc., Open on all working days.