Evening at Allahabad
Allahabad Fort (Akbar's Fort)
All Saints Cathedral (Patthar Girja)
Welcome to Allahabad,
Allahabad is a district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the City of God in Persian and also known as Prayag (Sanskrit for "place of sacrifice"). It is one of four sites of the mass Hindu pilgrimage Kumbh Mela. It has a position of importance in Hindu scriptures for it is situated at Triveni Sangam, the confluence of the holy rivers Ganges and Yamuna, and the ancient Sarasvati River.
Kumbh Mela, when the waters are said to be especially purifying, occurs every 12th year in Allahabad. This occasion is most sacred to the Hindus, and people gather in hundred thousands to take a holy dip in the confluence during this occasion. Allahabad, which gave a lot of administrators and academicians, is an ancient city with shades of modernity. The city has been the place of haunting and lasting memories. Besides Hindus and Muslims, Jains and Christians are also live in considerable numbers.
Akshaya Vat is a banyan tree, which found mention in a number of historical works. According to the Hindu mythology, Akshaya Vat is an immortal tree. The tree is found inside the underground Patalpuri Temple, situated inside the Allahabad Fort. The pilgrims in olden days threw themselves up in the tree in order to attain salvation.
Alfred Park is a must visit tourist destination in the city of Allahabad. Apart from the fact that Alfred Park is the largest park in Allahabad, it has historical significance as well. The park is marked by huge statue of George V and Victoria that were installed in the very center. The Park was the site for official ceremonies at the time of British that were often followed by musical performances of the Police Band.
The park became famous during the Indian Freedom Struggle. This was the same place where the famous encounter between the British police and Indian revolutionary took place. Chandra Shekhar Azad had taken the vow that come what may, he will never let himself in to the hands of imperial police. Therefore he took the pseudonym 'Azad' that means 'Free' in Hindi.
It happened so that Azad got cornered in the Alfred Park while he was escaping out after an act. A full unit of the then Allahabad Police cordoned the park and cut the escape route. An hour-long exchange of fire followed but when Azad found that he has only one bullet left in his pistol, he preferred to shoot himself than breaking his vow. After independence this park was renamed as Chandra Shekhar Azad Park and a bust statue of Azad has been erected where he died.
All Saints Cathedral, designed by great English architect William Emerson who also designed Victoria Memorial of Calcutta. This cathedral is the most beautiful building in city. Styled in 13th Century Gothic architecture, building's interior is more beautiful than its exterior with high ceilings and stone Gothic arches.
The cathedral houses exceptional stained-glass murals. Besides these murals, what makes the place more attractive is the intricate work and designs on the marble altar. The cathedral is also known as "Patthar Girija". One of the holy places in Allahabad, the cathedral is dedicated to all those who have deep faith in God.
Allahabad Fort was built by Emperor Akbar in 1583. The fort stands on the banks of the Yamuna near the site of confluence with river Ganges. It is the largest fort built by Akbar. In its prime, the fort was unrivaled for its design, construction and craftsmanship. This huge fort has three galleries flanked by high towers.
At present is used by the army and only a limited area is open to visitors. The outer wall is intact and rises above the water's edge. Inside the fort there is the Zenana, Palace of Mariam-uz-Zamani and the 3rd century BC Ashoka pillar and Saraswati Koop as well, said to be the source of the Saraswati river. The Patalpuri temple is also here.
Allahabad Fort is the location of the much revered Akshaya Vat which mean immortal tree. Legends say that if anyone jumped from this centuries old banyan tree he would attain immortality. Civilians are not allowed to see this tree. It is near the southern wall and is one among the many trees seen from outside the southern wall of the fort.
The museum is located beside the Chandra Shekar Azab park. It was inaugurated in 1947. The museum has separate galleries - 18 of them - dedicated and devoted to archaeological findings, natural history exhibits, art gallery and terracotta artifacts. The museum also displays the documents and the personal effects of Jawaharlal Nehru and the Indian freedom movement.
Antiques from various well-known and renowned schools of sculpture such as Gandhara, Mathura, Kausambi, and Saranath are also on display. The coin collection of the Allahabad Museum is brilliant and includes Kushana and Gupta gold coins.
Built in 1979, Allahabad Planetarium was built to promote scientific thinking. The planetarium is located beside Anandh Bawan. There are five shows on any day. Each show is a celestial journey. Each show features interesting and intriguing aspects related to space and astronomy. There is a moon model on display. Visitors can find their weights on Moon and Jupiter, too. The planetarium is also called Jawahar Planetarium.
Allahabad University, is a premier Central University located in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. Its origins lie in the Muir Central College, named after Lt. Governor of North-Western Provinces, Sir William Muir in 1876, who suggested the idea of a Central University at Allahabad, which later evolved to the present University, , and at one point it was even called, the "Oxford of the East".
Alopi Devi Mandir is situated in Alopibagh in Allahabad in state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is near to the holy Sangam, or confluence, where the rivers Ganges, Yamuna and the legendary Sarasvati meet. Kumbh Mela is near to this place. Alopi Devi continues to be worshiped by thousands of people living in the region who share every festival, marriage, birth and death with their guarding deity.
Anand Bhavan is a large mansion located in Allahabad, India. Established by Indian political leader Motilal Nehru in the 19th century, it has served as the ancestral home of the Nehru-Gandhi Family. Indira Gandhi, first lady Prime Minister of India was born there. Jawahar Planetarium is also located inside the Anand Bhawan.
It was donated to the Indian government in 1970 by Indira Gandhi. Today it has been converted into a memorial and museum. Here one is offered a glimpse of the lifestyle of the family that retained for a long time and even today the status of the most important political dynasty in India. It is a two storied building which has rooms including the one where Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi used to stay during his visits.
Standing tall inside the Allahabad Fort, built by Akbar, is the polished sandstone Ashoka Pillar. This 10.6 m high pillar dates back to 232 BC. This pillar has several edicts. It was earthed by the order of the great Mauryan king Ashoka. The inscriptions of the pillar praise the victories of Samudragupta, another great Mauryan king. A Persian inscription of the Moghul emperor Jahangir and inscriptions about other contemporary kings can be seen on the pillar.
Benimadhav Temple is a very old Lakshminarayan temple. The temple is dedicated to the Hindu deities Narayan, or Vishnu, and Lakshmi, wife of Narayan. It is located in Dharganj locality. Chitanya Mahaprabhu was believed to have paid his homage at this temple.
Ganganath Jha Kendriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha is located at C.S. Azad Park in Allahabad. The library of this school was established in the year 1943 and started functioning as a museum. Ganganath Jha Kendriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha Museum is mainly famous for its manuscript collection. This museum has a rare collection of around 5000 Sanskrit Manuscripts. The Museums also contains some Hindi, Persian, Bengali, Maithili and Oriya manuscript.
Garhwa is an interesting excursion destination around Allahabad. In fact, Garhwa is a must visit tourist spot during your tour to Allahabad. The place is famous for the ruins of some of the most beautiful temples in Purvanchal. The place has not been at the helm of the matter but slowly and steadily, it is picking up in the hot list. In fact, Garhwa is a must visit for both researchers as well as casual visitors. Historians and researchers who are working on ancient North Indian temple architectures or Gupta era temples for that matter must visit this place. Garhwa will give a different insight about this architecture tradition altogether.
There are numerous ruins of temples scattered all around Garhwa. Most of these temples date back to Gupta period and beyond. Though in depleted condition, these temples give an insight in to the stone-temple tradition. This tradition is more often associated the temples of Southern India and Vindhya Mountains. Garhwa breaks that notion convincingly. The main temple in Garhwa has 16 beautifully carved stone pillars. These pillars also carry inscriptions that reveal that the temples date back to the Gupta period at the very least. Apart from the stone pillars, there are numerous sculptures in Garhwa too. Some of the better sculptures from Garwha are now shown in the State Museum in Lucknow.
This temple situated near Allahabad Fort is a unique temple. A huge idol of Hanuman, 20 feet long and 8 feet wide can be seen in a reclining position a few feet below the ground. When the river Ganga is in spate, the temple gets submerged. According to mythology, the water level rises because the Ganga wants to touch the feet of Lord Hanuman.
Kalyani Devi Temple is one of the Sidh Peetas of Goddess Lalitha. The present temple is about one hundred years old. The temple is located in Kalyanidevi and Meerapur locality.
Khusro Bagh is a large walled garden, close to the Allahabad Junction Station, in Allahabad, India, surrounding the tombs of Khusraw (died 1622), eldest son of emperor Jahangir, Shah Begum, Khusraw's mother (died 1604), a Rajput princess and Jahangir's first wife, and that Princess Sultan Nithar Begam (died c.1624), Khusraw's sister.
The three sandstone mausoleums within this walled garden, present an exquisite example of Mughal architecture. The tomb of Khusrau, who was first imprisoned within the garden, after he rebelled against Jahangir, in 1606, and later killed in 1622 at the order of Prince Khurram, who was later known as Shah Jahan. His tomb was completed in 1622, while that Khusru's sister, Nithar Begam, which lies in the middle of the two, was made at her instructions, 1624-25, it however remained empty. The garden has now lend its name to the surrounding locality of Khusrobagh, which is now bustling township.
Hindus traditionally regard river confluences as auspicious places, more so the the Sangam at Allahabad, where the Yamuna and the Ganges meet the River of Enlightenment, the mythical Saraswati. According to legend, Vishnu was carrying a kumbh (pot) of amrita (nectar), when a scuffle broke out between the gods, and four drops were spilled. They fell to earth at the four tirthas of Prayag, Haridwar, Nasik and Ujjain. The event is commemorated every three years by the Kumbh Mela, held at each tirtha in turn; the Sangam is known as Tirtharaja, the "King of Tirthas", and its Mela, once every twelve years, is the greatest and holiest of all.
The Maha Kumbh Mela - the "Great" Kumbh Mela - is the largest religious fair in India, attended by literally millions of rejoicing the vast floodplains and river banks adjacent to the confluence are overrun by pilgrims, tents, organized in almost military fashion by the government, the local authorities and the police. The mela is especially renowned for the presence of an extraordinary array of religious ascetics - sadhus and mahants - enticed from remote hideaways in forests, mountains and caves.
Mankameshwar Temple lies in the banks of river Yamuna, near Saraswathi Ghat. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Mondays in the Sawan month (Hindu calendar) is considered auspicious and devotees pay visit to the temple during this time. Mankameshwar temple comes under the jurisdiction of Jagath Guru Shankaracharya.
Situated near the Thornhill and Mavne Memorial this large hall with a 180 ft high tower was designed by R.Roskell Bayne. The interior of this memorial hall is ornamented with designs by Professor Gamble of the South Kensington Museum, London. Completed in 1879 this hall was meant for public meetings, balls and receptions in commemoration of the assassinated Viceroy.
Minto Park that has been re-christened Madan Mohan Malaviya Park is a must visit destination in Allahabad. The park has its prominence in the chronicles of History and that is why it is a must for both researchers as well as casual visitor. Minto Park has been erected on a site near the Saraswati Ghat in Yamuna. The site has a special place in the history of British India. It was from here that Lord Canning read out Queen Victoria's Proclamation in 1858-the transfer of power from East India Company to Queen's rule was effected. In 1910 Lord Minto laid the foundation for the park. The main attraction of the park is four lions statues mounting atop a white stone memorial.
Nagvasuki Temple is located on the banks of the river Ganga, in Daraganj on the northern side of the railway bridge. The temple is dedicated to Vasuki, the king of serpents. On the occasion of Nag Panchami day every year, a fair is held near the temple. A large idol of Bishmapita is seen in a reclined position near the temple. The temple had been mentioned in Puranas, too.
Patalpuri Temple, one of the oldest temples in India, dating back to the Vedic period, is situated near to the immortal banyan tree, Akshaya Vat, in the Allahabad Fort. The Moghul king Akbar built the fort over the temple and since then the temple lies under the fort. As per Hindu mythology, Lord Rama was believed to visit this place. Chinese pilgrim Huan Tsang also visited this temple.
Within this underground temple, inside the fort, lies the Akshaya Vat - or the immortal tree. Believed to have been visited by Lord Rama, the temple was also seen by the famous Chinese traveller and writer Hiuen Tsang during his visit to this place.
Public Library(1864), Standing at Alfred park this building was opened as a memorial to the friendship of Lord Thornhill, the then C mmissioner of Allahabad and Mr. Mayne, the then Collector. It was called the "Thomhill and Mayne Memorial". Designed by R.Roskell Rayne, this public library is a remarkable example of Gothic Style. The memorial has a lofty tower and acarded cloisters. In 1879 thelibrary was shifted to the present p9remises, at alfred park. It has about 75,000 books, besidees a treasure trove of manuscripts and journals.
This is a 130-feet-high, four-storied structure that houses the idols of Kumari Bhatt, Jagat Guru Shankaracharya, Kamakshi Devi (with 51 Shakthipeetas around), Tirupati Balaji (with 108 idols of Lord Vishnu), and Yogshastra Sahasrayoga Linga (108 idols of Lord Shiva). Shankar Viman Mandapam is located near to Triveni.
Shringverpur is a must visit excursion destination around Allahabad. The place is located 40 odd kilometers from Allahabad. Shringverpur is an otherwise sleepy village that is gaining prominence slowly and steadily. Though, the place has been mentioned at length in the epic Ramayana. Shringverpur is mentioned as the capital of the famous kingdom of Nishadraj or the 'King of Fishermen'. The excavation works that were carried out in Shringverpur have revealed a temple of Shringi Rishi.
The place where Nishadraja washed off the feet of Lord Rama has been marked by a platform. It has been named 'Ramchura' in order to suffice the incident. There is a small temple too that is built on the site. Though the temple doesn't have any historical or cultural values attached to it, the place itself is very serene.
Someshwar Mahadev Temple, also known as Shivkoti Mahadev Temple, is one of the holy places in North India. The temple is situated opposite to the Allahabad Fort and near to the Triveni, across the river Yamuna. It is regarded as the place of Ekadaksh Mudra, that is the deity of the temple, Shiva, is one Rudra.
Every Monday is highly auspicious for the deity of Shivkoti Mahadev Temple. During July-August months (Shravan month of the Hindu calendar) a fair is held. Narayani Ashram, which is run by female ascetics, is also found nearby.
In Hindu tradition Triveni Sangam is the "confluence" of three rivers, two physical rivers Ganges, Yamuna, and the invisible or mythic Saraswati River. The site is in Prayag, India. A place of religious importance and the site for historic Kumbh Mela held every 12 years, over the years it has also been the site of immersion of ashes of several national leaders, including Mahatma Gandhi in 1948.
Sangama is the Sanskrit word for confluence. The Triveni Sangam in Allahabad is a confluence of 3 rivers, the Ganges, Yamuna, and Saraswati. Of these three, the river Saraswati is invisible and is said to flow underground and join the other two rivers from below. The point of confluence is a sacred place for Hindus. A bath here is said to wash away all of one's sins and free one from the cycle of rebirth.
- Other Religious Places : Jamuna Church, Holy Trinity Church, Maa Mansuriyan Devi Temple, Maa Santoshi Devi Temple, Maa Lalita Devi Temple, Bhardwaj Ashram etc.
- Tons River Aqueduct : A popular picnic spot situated around 43 km from Allahabad.
- Upardaha Lake, Karadham, Bhita, New Yamuna Bridge etc.