Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri
National Chambal Sanctuary
Welcome to Agra,
Agra is a district situated on the banks of the river Yamuna in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Famed with one of the Seven Wonders of the World - Taj Mahal, Agra is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. Agra is a virtual fort of history and architecture located in the state of Uttar Pardesh in India. Historical monuments, architectural grandeur ventures and the beauty of marbles, Agra thrives as the best picnic spot in India.
Agra is the foremost tourist spot all over India and has been equipped with all kinds of infrastructure facilities for tourists. The city with multi colored illuminations providing a marvelous view at night offer hearty welcome to its tourists. Many high standard hotels and resorts add the enjoyment of the vacation and picnic to its pinnacle in Agra.
Agra Fort (sometimes called the Red Fort), was commissioned by the great Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1565, and is another of Agra's World Heritage Sites. A stone tablet at the gate of the Fort states that it had been built before 1000 but was later renovated by Akbar. The red sandstone fort was converted into a palace during Shah Jahan's time, and reworked extensively with marble and pietra dura inlay. Notable buildings in the fort include the Pearl Mosque, the Diwan-e-'Am and Diwan-e-Khas (halls of public and private audience), Jahangir's Palace, Khas Mahal, Shish Mahal (mirrored palace), and the Musamman Burj.
The fort is a typical example of Mughal architecture, effectively showing how the North Indian style of fort construction differentiated from that of the South.
The Aram Bagh is the oldest Mughal Garden in India, originally built by the Mughal Emperor Babur in 1528 A.D., located about five kilometers northeast of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India. The garden is a Paradise garden or Charbagh, where pathways and canals divide the garden to represent the Islamic ideal of paradise, an abundant garden through which rivers flow. The Aram Bagh provides an example of a variant of the charbagh in which water cascades down three terraces in a sequence of cascades. Two viewing pavilions face the Jumna river and incorporates a subterranean 'tahkhana' which was used during the hot summers to provide relief for visitors. The garden has numerous water courses and fountains.
Bateshwar is situated at a distance of 70 km. from Agra, in the Indian State of Uttar Pradesh on the banks of river Yamuna. Bateshwar is an important spiritual and cultural centre. Bateshwar is the birth place of former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
It is known for the 101 Shiv Bateshwar Temple situated on the banks of Yamuna and Shaouripur, near Bateshwar, which is the birthplace of the 22nd Tirthankar of Jain faith, Lord Neminath. Each year the region hosts a cattle fair in October and November. The commercial livestock event is also of significance to Hindus, who make pilgrimage to the river Yamuna in honor of Lord Shiva.
Birbal Bhavan, one of the main attractions in Fatehpur Sikri in Agra, is a small historical palace assumed to be built for Birbal. Raja Birbal was Great Emperor Akbar's favorite courtier. It is believed that the palace was either built by Akbar for Birbal or Birbal himself built this palace for him.
It is an elegant structure depicting the great Mughal architectural style blended with Persian style of constructions. This compact palace is one of the eye catching monuments in Agra dating back to centuries. The palace is placed in a plain enclosing beautiful gardens and greenish lawns.
Buland Darwaza, meaning 'high' or 'great' gate in Persian, is the largest of gateways in the world. It is located in Fatehpur Sikri which is located 43 km away from Agra, India. It is also known as the "Gate of Magnificence". The Buland Darwaza towers above the courtyard of the mosque. The Buland Darwaza is semi octagonal in plan and is topped by pillars and chhatris. Buland Darwaza echoes early Mughal design with simple ornamentation, carved verses from the Qur`an and towering arches. There are thirteen smaller domed kiosks on the roof, stylized battlement and small turrets and inlay work of white and black marble.
Chini ka Rauza is a funerary monument in Agra, India, containing the tomb of Allama Afzal Khan Mullah, a scholar and poet who was the Prime Minister of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The tomb was built in 1635. Chini ka Rauza is situated just 1 kilometer north of Itmad-Ud-Daulah Tomb, on the eastern bank of Yamuna river in Agra.
Chini-ka-Rauza is considered a milestone in Indo-Persian architecture, as it is the very first building in India that has been exclusively decorated by the glazed tile works. The most distinctive feature of the tomb is the colorful tiles or chini, from which the mausoleum gets its name. the tomb is rectangular in shape and is constructed mainly of brown stone. The walls of the tomb are adorned with inscriptions and colored tiles that give a distinctive look to the structure.
Diwan-i-Am, famed to be a hall located in the middle of Agra Fort, is built in 1628 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. This hall is meant for the public audience who assemble in Agra Fort. The architectural style of this pavilion is a perfect mix of Persian and Indian architectural styles.
The hall is supported by well constructed forty carved pillars. This is the place where the emperor listened to the complaints of the citizens. Diwan-i-Am is constructed using the red sandstones. This is a piece of marvelous architectural beauty in Agra. A renowned Masjid known as Nagina Masjid is placed nearby.
Diwan-i-Khas was built in 1635 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and was considered as a hall meant for entertaining foreign ambassadors and important dignitaries. This was the real power citadel during the Mughal rule. This elegant hall was located in the area enclosed by Agra Fort.
Diwan-i-Khas had the terrace with two thrones, one is meant for the emperor made out of White marble and the other is meant for the visitor made out of black slate. The hall is adorned with precious stones, silver and solid gold marvelously. This is really an eye catching, praise worthy monument in Agra.
The buildings of Fatehpur Sikri show a synthesis of various regional schools of architectural craftsmanship such as Gujarat and Bengal. This was because indigenous craftsmen from various regions were used for the construction of the buildings. Influences from Hindu and Jain architecture are seen hand in hand with Islamic elements. The building material predominantly used is red sandstone.
Guru ka Tal is a historical Sikh pilgrimage place dedicated to the memory of ninth Guru Sri Guru Tegh Bahudar Ji. Guru ka Tal is near Sikandra in Agra. The Gurudwara was built over the place where the Guru Tegh Bahadur laid down his arms to offer arrest to Aurangazeb, the Mughal Emperor. Several devotees gather every year to pay homage to the great Sikh guru in this Gurudwara.
There were twelve towers in the Tal, but only eight towers have survived the test of time and have now been retrieved. This red stone structure bears similarity to many other magnificent structures of the Mughals like the Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri etc.
A stone's throw from Babur's Mehtab Bagh, in a field on the banks of the Yamuna in Agra, are the remains of Humayun's observatory. It's called Gyarah Sidi (11 steps). Gyarah Sidi or Eleven Steps refers to the steps overlooking the hemispherical cavities in the ground from which astronomical readings could be taken. Though nowhere close to their size, Humayun's observatory is an interesting, diminutive precursor to the massive Jantar Mantars at Jaipur and Delhi built nearly 200 years later.
Hauz-i-Jehandiri or Jahanghir's Hauz is a monolithic tank with the shape of circular bowl. It is placed located in the premises of the elegant Jahangiri Mahal, which is enclosed in the majestic Agra Fort. This tank is built by the Mughal emperor Jahangir in 1611 and the tank has a size of 5 feet height and 8 meter diameter.
The tank was constructed such that it could be transported to anywhere. If has three steps outside as well as inside to get into the tank and also to come out from the tank. There are ten ornamental cartouches with inscriptions in Persian language on the exterior of the rim.
Humanyun Mosque is situated in the village of Kachhpura in Agra on the left bank of River Yamuna. Though this mosque has not been mention in texts related to Mughal period, it one of the earliest monuments of Mughal period corresponding to the beginning phase of Mughal architecture in India. According to the Persian inscriptions on this monument, this mosque was constructed in 1530, when Humayun ascended the throne. Mughal Emperor Babur is buried here.
The mosque is a handsome Panchmukhi (five-arched) structure with and a high iwan which conceals the dome on top of the central nave, which is supported on kite-shaped pendentives and net squinches. There are double-aisled wings on either side of the central nave. The brick and mortar building had been plastered originally and one can still see that its facade was once adorned with glazed tiles.
Itmad-ud-Daula's Tomb, is a Mughal mausoleum in the city of Agra in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Often described as 'jewel box', sometimes called the 'Baby Taj', the tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah is often regarded as a draft of the Taj Mahal. Along with the main building, the structure consists of numerous outbuildings and gardens. The tomb, built between 1622 and 1628 represents a transition between the first phase of monumental Mughal architecture - primarily built from red sandstone with marble decorations, as in Humayun's Tomb in Delhi and Akbar's tomb in Sikandra - to its second phase, based on white marble and pietra dura inlay, most elegantly realized in the Taj Mahal.
Jahangiri Mahal, may be the most noteworthy building inside the Agra Fort of India. The Mahal was the principal zenana (palace for women belonging to the royal household), and was used mainly by the Rajput wives of Akbar. The building is made of red sandstone. A splendid gateway leads to an interior courtyard surrounded by grand halls covered with profuse carvings on stone, heavily fashioned brackets, piers, and crossbeams. One can still spot remnants of decoration in gold and blue done in the prevalent Indo-Persian style.
Jahangiri Mahal mixes Transoxanian (Central Asian) features, such as the verandah on the east front with its high slender columns (a translation into stone of the timber iwan of vernacular Transoxanian architecture), with courtyard halls styled in the broader Gujarat-Malwa-Rajasthan tradition as it had been passed onto the Mughals by the early 16th-century architecture of Raja Man Singh of Gwalior. This exotic medley and adventurous eclecticism suggests a daring approach in architecture. The typically Gujarati brackets-fabulously carved animal and floral motifs-register a dominating effect on the few Islamic features such as the verandah on the eastern front with exquisitely slender pillars facing the riverfront. Jahangiri Mahal is the most important building of the Akbari period in the Agra Fort.
Jama Masjid in Agra is opposite the Agra fort and overlooking the Agra Fort Railway Station. The Jama Masjid is also popularly known as the Jami Masjid or "Friday Mosque". It is one of the larger mosques in India. The Mosque was built by Shah Jahan in 1648 and dedicated to his favourite daughter, Jahanara Begum. Jama Masjid of Agra has Imam of Ahle Sunnat Wala Jamaat or Barelwi. Jami Masjid Mosque is a very simple mosque of red sandstone with little white marble decoration and blue colour paint wall and ceilings. It's a huge mosque in the center of Agra surrounded by a great bazaar. The mosque was completely empty of any tourist, only one man praying and the little children at the Madrasa (Koran school).
Keetham lake is a scenic lake just outside Agra on the Agra - Delhi highway (NH 2). The Keetham lake is also known as the Sur Sarovar. It is a tranquil spot, ideal for a relaxed outing. A wide variety of fish and water-birds add to the lake's natural charm and beauty.
Mankameshwar Mandir (Temple) in Agra is devoted to Lord Shiva. It is one of the ancient temples devoted to Lord Shiva.It is said that the shivlinga covered by the silver metal was founded by lord shiva himself during Dwapara era, when krishna was born in mathura. The temple has one sanctum sanctorum where the vigraha of Lord Shiva sits. It is surrounded by the typical Shiva family idols. One has to descend down a score of stairs to reach the sanctum sanctorum. One can reach fully close to the main vigraha provided one doesn't wear leather items and English style pants, pyjamas, and salwaar suits.
Behind the sanctum sanctorum are several small temples with in the main temple complex. These are devoted to various deities like Lord Ganga, Saraswati, Gayatri, Hanuman, Kaila devi, Narsimha, Krishna, Rama to name a few.
Mariam's Tomb is the tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani, the wife of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. The Tomb is located in Sikandra, a suburb of Agra. It is located just 1 km from Tomb of Akbar the Great (sometimes called Sikandra).
A mosque named after her called Mosque of Mariyam Zamani Begum, is situated in the Walled City of Lahore, Pakistan.
Maryamuzzamani Palace is an exquisite palace located in the fort complex of Fatehpur Sikri. This was the palace of Queen Maryamuzzammani, the Goan Wife of the Emperor Akbar and the mother of Jehangir. The palace had been the nerve centre of the Mughal power for two generations of Mughal Dynasty, namely the period of Akbar and Jehangir. The palace was made with all luxuries and with marvelous architectural style. This is one of the most attractive palaces in Agra.
The Palace is constructed on the most beautiful scenic location in Fatehpur sikri. The imposing garden surrounding this sandstone palace is very attractive as well. This is one of the eye catching palaces among the numerous palaces in Agra.
The Mehtab Bagh, a 25 acre garden plot constructed during 1631 to 1635 AD, is the moonlight garden located along the western side of bank of the river Yamuna. It is laid just across the Yamuna, aligned with the world famous Taj in a symmetrical style. It was designed as an integral part of the complex in the riverfront terrace pattern seen elsewhere in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. Its width is identical to that of the rest of the Taj. The garden historian Elizabeth Moynihan suggests the large octagonal pool in the centre of the terrace would reflect the image of the Mausoleum and thus the garden would provide a setting to view the Taj Mahal.
The garden has been beset by flooding from the river since Mughal times. As a result, the condition of the remaining structures is quite ruinous. Four sandstone towers marked the corners of the garden, only the south-eastward one remains. The foundations of two structures remain immediately north and south of the large pool which were probably garden pavilions. From the northern structure a stepped waterfall would have fed the pool. The garden to the north has the typical square, cross-axial plan with a square pool in its centre. To the west an aqueduct fed the garden.
Mina Masjid or the Heavenly Mosque was built by Shah Jahan between 1631-40 near Diwan-i-Khas in Agra Fort. This is a small mosque was built, entirely of white marble, by the Mughal king Shah Jahan for his personal use.
It has a small open court in front of the three-arched prayer-chamber. There is no ornamentation and it is simple. It is enclosed and secured on all sides by high walls and, it appears that, Shah Jahan used this mosque during his imprisonment in the adjoining apartment of Musamman Burj, also called shah-burj, from 1658 to 1666 A.D.
The Moti Masjid in Agra was built by Shah Jahan. During the rule of Shah Jahan the Mughal emperor, numerous architectural wonders were built. Most famous of them being the Taj Mahal. Moti Masjid earned the epithet Pearl Mosque for it shined like a pearl. It is held that this mosque was constructed by Shah Jahan for his members of royal court. Moti Masjid's architectural features are quite similar to that of the Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow.Moti Masjid stands on the ground that slopes from east to west to the north of Diwan-i-Am complex in Agra Fort. The courtyard of the Moti Masjid has side arcades and arched recessions and the main sanctuary facade beyond. The sanctuary is roofed with three bulbous domes built of light white marble and stand on the red sandstone walls.
There are a series of Hindu-style domed kiosks along the parapet. There are seven bays that are divided into a number of aisles which are supported by piers and lobed arches. The Moti Masjid boasts of extensive white marble facing, a typical stylistic feature of architecture during the reign of Shah Jahan.
The Mughal Heritage Walk is a part of community development programme being implemented with support of Agra Municipal corporation, USAID and an NGO; Center for Urban and Regional Excellence. It seeks to build sustainable livelihoods for youth and women from low resource communities and improving their living environments through infrastructure services and integration within the city.
The Mughal Heritage Walk is a one kilometer loop which connects the agricultural fields with the Rajasthani culture, river bank connected with the ancient village of Kuchhpura, the Heritage Structure of Mehtab Bagh, the Mughal aqueduct system, the Humanyun Mosque and the Gyarah Sidi.
Musamman Burj is placed very close to the Diwan-i-Khas, the imposing private hall of Shah Jahan. Mausamman Burj, also renowned as Saman Burj, is an exquisite architectural marvel with octagonal tower. There are many carvings on the structure adorned with colored tiles.
This is one of the important historical structure in Agra. This is the place (prison) in which Shah Jahan died in 1666 under captivity by his son Aurangazeb. This place encloses a long pavilion which offers eye catching view of Yamuna. All those who visit Taj Mahal never miss this pavilion as it is marvelous piece of structural excellence.
The Nagina Masjid is a masjid in Agra Fort built by Shah Jahan. It is also known as the Gem Mosque or the Jewel Mosque. Nagina Masjid is an architectural beauty in Agra Fort. It is located nearby another eye catching Masjid known as Moti Masjid. This mosque is constructed with pure white attractive marble and encloses the prayer chamber exquisitely designed.
The Nagina Masjid bears a very simple architecture and a descent decoration. The mosque is separated into three bays by simple pillars underneath the keen arches above. The arch in the center is bigger and has nine cusps, once on either face has seven cusps only. The mosque is 10.21 meter broad and 7.39 meter deep, facing a lined patio. There is a balcony presenting the panoramic views of the road that runs towards the Hathi Pol lies on the northern side of the Masjid.
This beautiful structure was built for the ladies of the Royal family. This private mosque has special features of three majestic domes and wonderful arches. A luxurious bazaar, known as Mina Bazar, was functioning down the road from where royal ladies could purchase items standing in the balcony of Nagina Masjid.
National Chambal Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh, India. It was founded in 1979 and constitutes a large eco-reserve co-administered by the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. It is also called the National Chambal (Gharial) Wlidlife Sanctuary. About 400 km of the Chambal river cuts picturesque ravines through the reserve, which covers 5,400 sq.km. Apart from the Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica), the other inhabitants of the sanctuary include magar (crocodile) and gharial (Gavialis gangeticus). This stretch of clear water also supports Marsh Crocodile, Smooth-coated Otters (Lutrogale perspicillata), and six species of Terrapins/Turtles.
More than 250 species of birds may be seen in the sanctuary. Migratory birds from Siberia form part of its rich avian fauna. An endangered bird species that can be spotted here is the Indian skimmer. Winter visitors include Black-bellied Terns, Red-crested Pochard and Ferruginous Pochard, Bar-headed Goose, etc. Other species include Sarus Crane, Great Thick-knee, Indian Courser, Pallas's Fish Eagle, Pallid Harrier, Greater Flamingos and Lesser Flamingos, Darters, and Brown Hawk Owl. The sanctuary is protected under India's Wildlife Protection Act 1972.
K.D.Paliwal Park is located in the heart of Agra, India. It is spread over an area of around 70 acres (280,000 m2). It also has a small lake and has vast variety of trees. Paliwal Park, during the British Raj was known as Hewitt Park, is now renamed in memory of Shri Krishna Datta Paliwal, Who was the first finance minister of Uttar Pradesh, when Shri Govind Ballabh Pant was the Chief Minister of U.P State.
Paliwal Park is surrounded by many educational institutes like the Agra University, St. Peter's College, St. Patrick's Junior College, Mufeed E Aam Inter College etc. St. John Library is also located here and one can find books on diverse topics here.
A big five storied pavilion placed in the Fatehpur Sikri fort complex, Panch Mahal was believed to be the pleasure and relaxation place for Mughal emperor Akbar. The pavilion is made up of beautiful red sandstone and is at the highest point in Fatehpur Sikri. This is a monument depicting the architectural marvel of Persian style of construction.
Panch Mahal was the residential pavilion for his queens and the pavilion has stone screens prohibiting the view from outside. Presently the screens were removed and the columns are visible from outside. There was a marvelous and imposing dome supported by four columns.
The pavilion steeps in a progressive style and each floor is connected to the next floor through well crafted stairs. The first floor has 84 pillars, second floor has 56 pillars, third floor has 20 pillars and the fourth floor has 12 pillars. All the pillars are carved with beautiful images and are very attractive.
Ram Barat is a part of Ramlila celebration in Agra. It is one of the biggest annual event in North India. Ram Barat literally mean Baraat Marriage procession of Shri Ram. Every year a new locality is chosen in Agra and is elaborately decorated with lights and flowers. The area is given a major face lift befitting the venue for the divine marriage.
The history of Ram Barat is said to be around 125 years old, when Lala Kokamal, a cloth merchant, started the tradition of three days of festivities, revolving around the royal wedding. The festivities last for three days. On the first day marriage procession is taken out which is watched by millions of people of Agra as well as those arriving from neighbouring districts of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. The place is lit up with thousands of lights and non stop music,the cinema theatres run film shows throughout the night to accommodate the migratory crowd. These three days are like carnival when people from all walks of life come together to have a great time.
Sadar Bazaar is one of the most popular shopping destinations for the tourist visiting Agra. It is located very close to Agra Cantt Railway Station and is also quite close to both Taj Mahal and Agra Fort. It is also close to the residential area of Mall Road. Each year, millions of tourists from different parts of India as well as tourists from far-off foreign countries come to Agra for a vacation and Sadar Bazaar is the place most of them come to for shopping.
Sanjay Place is a place in Agra, India. Sanjay Place is the financial hub of Agra. The area which is now known as Sanjay Palace was actually a central Jail. Then in 1976 during Indira Gandhi's emergency rule (1975-77) saw the shifting of the Central Jail to a new site outside the city periphery. The space vacated has now been used for the Sanjay Place commercial complex. The name Sanjay is after Indira Gandhi's son who was instrumental in this shift.
The Shah Jahani Mahal is part of the Agra Fort in Agra, India. It is situated between the white marble Khas-Mahal and the red stone Jahangiri mahal and is set, transitionally, in between these two major residential complexes of two different ages. It is the earliest attempt of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan to convert an existing redstone building in accordance with his taste. It is his earliest palace in Agra Fort and has a large hall and side rooms, and an octagonal tower on the river side.
The skeletal construction of the brick masonry and red stone were all white, stuccoed with a thick plaster and colorfully painted with floral designs. The whole palace once glistened white, like white marble. On its face towards the khas-mahal is a white marble dalan, composed of five nine-cusped arches supported on double pillars and protected externally by a Chhajja. Its western bay was closed to house the Ghaznin gate. Babur's baoli and well are situated beneath it. The subterranean apartments in several stories are also situated under this palace.
Soami Bagh, also known as Dayal Bagh, is the headquarters of the Radhasoami religious sect. This sacred place blessed with the Dayal Bagh Temple is a prime religious attraction about 15 km away from Agra and it draws huge flock of devotees everyday all through the year. Set amidst picturesque landscape the temple is a great attraction to many tourists.
The temple stands majestically with a 110 ft height structure is believed to be constructed in 1861. This is an imposing structure built in Hindu architectural style and design. There is a belief that this temple is built as a competing structure to Taj Mahal.
It is situated approximately 15 kms from Agra, on Agra-Mathura highway. This is the only representative "Protected area" in Uttar Pradesh under "Punjab Plains" biotic province. This wetland sanctuary situated near Agra supports nearly 50000 water birds. The sanctuary also supports a sizable number of Rock Python.
The Taj Mahal ("crown of buildings", also "the Taj") is a mausoleum located in Agra, India. It is one of the most recognizable structures in the world. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is widely considered as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and stands as a symbol of eternal love. Taj Mahal is the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Islamic and Indian architectural styles. The construction began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, employing thousands of artisans and craftsmen.
The central focus of the complex is the tomb. This large, white marble structure stands on a square plinth and consists of a symmetrical building with an iwan (an arch-shaped doorway) topped by a large dome and finial. Like most Mughal tombs, the basic elements are Persian in origin. The base structure is essentially a large, multi-chambered cube with chamfered corners, forming an unequal octagon that is approximately 55 metres (180 ft) on each of the four long sides. On each of these sides, a huge pishtaq, or vaulted archway, frames the iwan with two similarly shaped, arched balconies stacked on either side.
The minarets, which are each more than 40 metres (130 ft) tall, display the designer's penchant for symmetry. They were designed as working minarets - a traditional element of mosques, used by the muezzin to call the Islamic faithful to prayer. Each minaret is effectively divided into three equal parts by two working balconies that ring the tower. At the top of the tower is a final balcony surmounted by a chattri that mirrors the design of those on the tomb.
The exterior decorations of the Taj Mahal are among the finest in Mughal architecture. As the surface area changes the decorations are refined proportionally. The decorative elements were created by applying paint, stucco, stone inlays, or carvings. In line with the Islamic prohibition against the use of anthropomorphic forms, the decorative elements can be grouped into either calligraphy, abstract forms or vegetative motifs.
The interior chamber of the Taj Mahal steps far beyond traditional decorative elements. Here, the inlay work is not pietra dura, but a lapidary of precious and semiprecious gemstones. The complex is set around a large 300-metre (980 ft) square charbagh or Mughal garden. The garden uses raised pathways that divide each of the four quarters of the garden into 16 sunken parterres or flowerbeds.
Taj Mahotsav (Taj Jubilee) is an annual 10 day (from 18 to 27 February) event at Shilpgram in Agra, India. Every year in February tourists flock to Agra for this mega event, just a stone throw from the majestic Taj Mahal. This festival invokes the memories of old Mughal era and nawabi style prevalent in Uttar Pradesh in 18th and 19th centuries.
About 400 artisans from different parts of India get an opportunity to display their exquisite works of art. To name a few among them are the wood/stone carvings from Tamil Nadu, Bamboo/cane work from North East India, Paper mash work from South India and Kashmir, the marble and zardozi work from Agra, wood carving from Saharanpur, brass wares from Moradabad, hand made carpets from Bhadohi, Pottery from Khurja, Chikan work from Lucknow, silk and zari work from Banaras, shawls and carpets from Kashmir/Gujarat and hand printing from Farrukhabad and Kantha stitch from West Bengal etc.
The festival starts with a grand road procession with decorated elephants and camels like victory processions of Mughal Emperors and warlords. Drum beaters, trumpet players, folk dancers, skilled crafts men and artisans also join the procession to make it a grander affair. Artists from all over India come here to display their art and craftmanship.
Takht-i-Jahangir (throne of Jahangir) was a throne built by Jahangir (31 August 1569 - 28 October 1627) in 1602 and is located at the Diwan-i-Khas (hall of private audience) at the Red Fort in Agra. The throne was built in 1602 in Allahabad and kept at the Allahabad Fort. Even after Jahangir became king when his father, emperor Akbar died in 1605, the throne remained there. It was only in 1610, that it was brought from Allahabad to Agra by Jahangir.
The throne was made of black onyx, imported by Jahangir, who was also known as Salim, from Belgium. It is 10 feet 7 inches long, 9 feet 10 inches broad and 6 inches thick. Its octagonal pedestals are each 1 foot 4 inches in height. At the top, it gently slopes from the centre to the sides like the shell of a tortoise. Persian inscriptions, dated 1602 are carved, in ornamental cartouches on its sides, in praise of Jahangir, whom they state as Shah and Sultan. This amounted to defiance of Akbar, who was at that time alive and on the throne. When the throne was finally brought to Agra, Jahangir had two inscriptions carved on top of the two western pedestals, stating that he had been only the heir to the throne, and that he had only assumed the title of Nuruddin Muhammad Jahangir Badshah (Badshah Jahangir), only after his righteous accession.
The Tomb of Akbar the Great is an important Mughal architectural masterpiece, built 1605-1613, set in 48 Ha (119 acres) of grounds in Sikandra, a suburb of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. The grounds are a precise 690 m square, aligned with the points of the compass, surrounded by walls, and laid out as a classic charbagh garden style. A gatehouse stands at the center of each wall, and broad paved avenues, laid out in Mughal style with central running water channels representing the four rivers of Paradise, lead from these to the tomb at the center of the square.
The south gate is the largest, with four white marble chhatri-topped minarets which are similar to (and pre-date) those of the Taj Mahal, and is the normal point of entry to the tomb. The tomb itself is surrounded by a walled enclosure 105 m square. The tomb building is a four-tiered pyramid, surmounted by a marble pavilion containing the false tomb. The true tomb, as in other mausoleums, is in the basement.
- Religious Places : Kailash Temple, Prithvinath Temple, Rajeshwar Temple, Digambar Jain Temple, Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Baptist Church, Catholic Church etc.
- Some Towns in Agra : kheragarh, kiraoli, Kheragarh, Fatehabad etc.
- Some Fairs in Agra : Kailash Fair, Sheetla Fair, Bateshwar Fair, Urs (Fatehpur Sikri) etc.